WoRMS taxon details

Placogorgia Wright & Studer, 1889

125312  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125312)

accepted
Genus
Placogorgia atlantica Wright & Studer, 1889 (type by subsequent monotypy)
Species Placogorgia atlantica Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Placogorgia becena Grasshoff, 1977
Species Placogorgia coronata Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975
Species Placogorgia dentata Nutting, 1910
Species Placogorgia graciosa (Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974)
Species Placogorgia intermedia (Thomson, 1927)
Species Placogorgia japonica Nutting, 1912
Species Placogorgia massiliensis Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975
Species Placogorgia mirabilis Deichmann, 1936
Species Placogorgia polybrachis Riess in Kükenthal, 1919
Species Placogorgia rudis Deichmann, 1936
Species Placogorgia squamata Nutting, 1910
Species Placogorgia studeri Nutting, 1910
Species Placogorgia tenuis (Verrill, 1883)
Species Placogorgia terceira Grasshoff, 1977
Species Placogorgia tribuloides Bayer, 1959

Species Placogorgia alternata Nutting, 1910 accepted as Thesea alternata (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Placogorgia bebrycoides Nutting, 1910 accepted as Discogorgia acanthoides (Thomson & Russell, 1909) accepted as Thesea acanthoides (Thomson & Russell, 1909) (synonym)
Species Placogorgia campanulifera Nutting, 1910 accepted as Discogorgia campanulifera (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Thesea campanulifera (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Placogorgia costata (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Echinomuricea costata Nutting, 1910 (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia cryptotheca Nutting, 1910 accepted as Paraplexaura cryptotheca (Nutting, 1910) (original combination)
Species Placogorgia flava (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea flava (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia flexilis (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea flexilis (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia foliata (Aurivillius, 1931) accepted as Pseudothesea foliata Aurivillius, 1931 (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia immersa (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea immersa (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia pallida (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea pallida (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia placoderma (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea placoderma (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia pulchra Nutting, 1910 accepted as Paraplexaura pulchra (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Placogorgia reticuloides Nutting, 1910 accepted as Paraplexaura reticuloides (Nutting, 1910) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
Species Placogorgia sanguinea (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Echinogorgia sanguinea (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)
Species Placogorgia simplex (Nutting, 1910) accepted as Pseudothesea simplex (Nutting, 1910) (changed combination)

Species Placogorgia dendritica Nutting, 1910 represented as Bebryce nuttingi Stiasny, 1942 (Part of the syntype corresponds to Bebryce nuttingi)

Species Placogorgia indica Thomson & Henderson, 1906 (uncertain, not Placogorgia)
Species Placogorgia orientalis Thomson & Henderson, 1906 (uncertain, not Placogorgia)
Species Placogorgia pseudoatlantica Stiasny, 1942 (uncertain > unassessed)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Wright, E.P.; Studer, T. (1889). Report on the Alcyonaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 31 (part 64), lxxii+ 314 pp., 43 pls. London., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2081946
page(s): 113 [details]   
McFadden, C.; Cordeiro, R. (2023). World List of Octocorallia. Placogorgia Wright & Studer, 1889. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125312 on 2023-02-04
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-27 07:06:07Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2019-06-14 18:04:29Z
changed
2022-11-06 01:15:04Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Wright, E.P.; Studer, T. (1889). Report on the Alcyonaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 31 (part 64), lxxii+ 314 pp., 43 pls. London., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2081946
page(s): 113 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M.; Deichmann, E. (1960). The Ellisellidae (Octocorallia) and their bearing on the zoogeography of the Eastern Pacific. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 73: 175-182., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34642168
page(s): 182 [details]   

additional source Grigg, R. W.; Bayer, F. M. (1976). Present knowledge of the systematics and zoogeography of the order Gorgonacea in Hawaii. Pacific Science, 30(2): 167-175
page(s): 169 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Gorgonian octocorals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 101(8): 181-296, Fig. 1., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40683324
page(s): 214 [details]   

additional source Wirshing, H. H.; Messing, C. G.; Douady, C. J.; Reed, J. K.; Stanhope, M. J. (2005). Molecular evidence for multiple lineages in the gorgonian family Plexauridae (Anthozoa: Octocorallia). Marine Biology, 147, 497-508
page(s): 500, 503, 505, 506, 507 [details]   

status source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Quattrini, A.M. (2022). Revisionary systematics of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) guided by phylogenomics. <em>Bulletin of the Society of Systematic Biologists.</em> 1(3), 8735, pp. 1-79., available online at https://ssbbulletin.org/index.php/bssb/article/view/8735
page(s): 60-62 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Placogorgia sp., 70 m Alabama Alps Reef, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-USGS-Deep Sea Systems International. Identifications by P. Etnoyer et al. For more information see supplementary material in: Etnoyer PJ, Wickes LN, Silva M, Dubick JD, Balthis L, Salgado E, MacDonald IR (2016). Decline in condition of gorgonian octocorals on mesophotic reefs in the northern Gulf of Mexico: before and after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Coral Reefs 35: 77-90.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ 2683 Photo Slide)
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To NMNH Extant Collection (IZ 3037 Photo Slide)
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To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 010191.CN)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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