WoRMS taxon details

Pagurus bernhardus (Linnaeus, 1758)

107232  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:107232)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Cancer bernhardus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Lectotype , geounit Southern North Sea  
Lectotype, geounit Southern North Sea [details]
Lemaitre, R.; McLaughlin, P. (2022). World Paguroidea & Lomisoidea Database. Pagurus bernhardus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=107232 on 2022-01-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2020-09-02 19:03:26Z
changed
2021-12-29 07:49:55Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Cancer bernhardus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Pagurus eblanensis Kinahan, 1860) Kinahan, J.R. (1860). On a <i>Crangon</i> new to science, with notices of other nondescript Crustacea, and observations on the distribution of the Crustacea Podophthalmia of the eastern, or Dublin marine, district of Ireland. <em>Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin.</em> 2: 27-34., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2422215 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pagurus streblonyx Leach, 1815 [in Leach, 1815-1875]) Leach, W.E. (1815-1875). Malacostraca Podophthalmata Britanniae; or descriptions of such British species of the Linnean genus Cancer as have their eyes elevated on footstalks. Illustrated with figures of all species by John Sowerby, F.L.S. G.S. & W.S. &c. John Sowerby, Lambeth, London, 124 pp., Pls. 1–45. [Part 1 (Pls. 8, 14, 22): 1 January 1815; Part 2 (Pls. 4, 15, 40): 1 March 1815; Part 3 (Pls. 17, 28A, 28B): 1 May 1815; Part 4 (Pls. 19, 29, 41): 1 July 1815; Part 5 (Pls. 23, 30): 1 Sept. 1815; Part 6 (Pls. 1, 2, 26): 1 November 1815; Part 7 (Pls. 24, 36): 1 January 1816; Part 8 (Pls. 3, 12, 13): 1 March 1816; Part 9 (Pls. 7, 42, 43): 1 May 1816; Part 10 (Pls. 6, 31, 32): 1 July 1816; Part 11 (Pls. 9, 11, 33): 1 September 1816; Part 12 (Pls. 5, 21A, 21B): 1 November 1816; Part 1 (Pls. 18, 20): 1 January 1817; Part 14 (Pls. 10, 25, 44): 1 March 1817; Part 15 (Pls. 22B, 37A, 37B): 1 July 1817; Part 16 (Pls. 22C, 36, 39): 1 December 1817; Part 17 (Pls. 9B, 10): 1 March 1820; Parts 18, 19 (Pls. 9A, 24A, 27, 34, 35, 37C, 45): November 1875]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12003115#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pagurus Ulidiae W Thompson, 1844) Thompson, W. (1844). Report on the fauna of Ireland: Div. Invertebrata. Drawn up, at the request of the British Association. <em>Report of the Thirteenth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.</em> Pp. 245-291., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12920904 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pagurus bernhardus var. granulata J.F. Brandt in von Middendorf, 1851) Brandt, J.F. (1851). Krebse. In: von Middendorff, A.T., Reise in den äussersten Norden und Osten Sibiriens während der Jahre 1843 und 1844 mit allerhöchster Genehmigung auf Veranstaltung der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg ausgeführt und in Verbinding mit vielen Gelehrten herausgegeben, 2 (Theil 1): 77-148, Plates 5-6. St. Petersburg. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37047789 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pagurus araneiformis JC Fabricius, 1775) Fabricius, J.C. (1775). Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adjectis Sysnonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. <em>Kortii, Flensburgi et Lipsiae.</em> 832, pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25551417 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Bernhardus streblonyx Dana, 1852) Dana, J.D. (1852). Conspectus Crustaceorum, &c. Conspectus of the Crustacea of the Exploring Expedition under Capt. Wilkes, U.S.N. Paguridea, continued , and Subtribe Megalopidea. <em>Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 6: 6-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Marine Biology Section, Ugent. Belgium. INRAM. Benthic fauna monitoring- SSD - Belgian Science Policy., available online at http://www.vliz.be/projects/inram/imers.php. [details]   

basis of record Türkay, M. (2001). Decapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 284-292 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source McLaughlin, P. A.; Komai, T.; Lemaitre, R.; Rahayu, D.L. (2010). Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea. Part I – Lithodoidea, Lomisoidea and Paguroidea. <em>The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.</em> Suppl. 23: 5-107. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Lectotype, geounit Southern North Sea [details]
From other sources
Biology Eats on dead organic material.
A long foreplay, to ensure the baring of the abdomen was not vain. The mating only lasts less than a minute. [details]

Habitat In the intertidal area and beneath. On rocky shores, shell bottoms and sandy and silty sediments, but never muddy. Among vegetation, as seagrass beds. Adults in shell of whelk, juveniles on beaches, often in shell of (peri)winkle and moonshells [details]

Morphology Largest and most common heremit crab in our region. An average length of 10 cm, carapace of 3,5 cm. Color: red-orange. Only two out of four legs well developed. Only one cheliped, or scissor (almost always the right one) is much bigger. The pair of scissors always bear length ridges with a row of knobs on top. Eyes positioned on a stalk. [details]
LanguageName 
Danish almindelig eremitkrebs  [details]
Dutch hermietkreeft [from synonym]heremietkreeftgewone heremietkreeft  [details]
English soldier hermit crabsoldier crablarge hermit crabhermit crab [from synonym]common hermit crabBernhard's hermit crab  [details]
French Bernard-l'ermite commun  [details]
German Nordsee-Einsiedlerkrebsgewöhnlicher Einsiedlerkrebs [from synonym]Gemeiner EinsiedlerkrebsGemeiner EinsiedlerBernhardskrebsBernhardseinsiedler  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål bernakeremittkreps  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk bernakeremittkreps  [details]
Swedish eremitkrabba  [details]