WoRMS taxon details

Stylaster Gray, 1831

117246  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117246)

accepted
Genus
Madrepora rosea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Stylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Stylaster alaskanus Fisher, 1938
Species Stylaster amphiheloides Saville Kent, 1871
Species Stylaster antillarum Zibrowius & Cairns, 1982
Species Stylaster asper Saville Kent, 1871
Species Stylaster atlanticus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster aurantiacus Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster bellus (Dana, 1848)
Species Stylaster biflabellum Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster bilobatus Hickson & England, 1909
Species Stylaster bithalamus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster blatteus (Boschma, 1961)
Species Stylaster bocki Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster boreopacificus Broch, 1932
Species Stylaster boschmai (Eguchi, 1965)
Species Stylaster brochi (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster brunneus Boschma, 1970
Species Stylaster californicus (Verrill, 1866)
Species Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster carinatus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster cocosensis Cairns, 1991
Species Stylaster complanatus Pourtalès, 1867
Species Stylaster corallium Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster crassior Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster crassiseptum Cairns & Lindner, 2011
Species Stylaster densicaulis Moseley, 1879
Species Stylaster dentatus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster diastemata Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster divergens Marenzeller, 1904
Species Stylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867
Species Stylaster eguchii (Boschma, 1966)
Species Stylaster elassotomus Fisher, 1938
Species Stylaster erubescens Pourtalès, 1868
Species Stylaster filogranus Pourtalès, 1871
Species Stylaster flabelliformis (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Stylaster fundatus Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster galapagensis Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster gemmascens (Esper, 1790)
Species Stylaster gracilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Species Stylaster granulosus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Species Stylaster griggi Cairns, 2005
Species Stylaster griseus Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
Species Stylaster hattorii (Eguchi, 1968)
Species Stylaster horologium Cairns, 1991
Species Stylaster ibericus Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
Species Stylaster imbricatus Cairns, 1991
Species Stylaster incompletus (Tenison-Woods, 1883)
Species Stylaster incrassatus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster infundibuliferus Cairns, 2005
Species Stylaster infundibuliferus (Lamarck, 1816)
Species Stylaster inornatus Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster kenti Cairns & Zibrowius, 2013
Species Stylaster laevigatus Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster leptostylus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster lindneri Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster lonchitis Broch, 1947
Species Stylaster malpeloensis Lizcano-Sandoval & Cairns, 2018
Species Stylaster marenzelleri Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster maroccanus Zibrowius & Cairns, 1992
Species Stylaster marshae Cairns, 1988
Species Stylaster microstriatus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster miniatus (Pourtalès, 1868)
Species Stylaster multiplex Hickson & England, 1905
Species Stylaster nobilis (Saville Kent, 1871)
Species Stylaster norvegicus (Gunnerus, 1768)
Species Stylaster obtusus Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster omanensis Cairns & Samimi-Namin, 2015
Species Stylaster papuensis Zibrowius, 1981
Species Stylaster parageus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster polymorphus (Broch, 1936)
Species Stylaster polystomos Cairns, 2015
Species Stylaster profundiporus Broch, 1936
Species Stylaster profundus (Moseley, 1879)
Species Stylaster pulcher Quelch, 1884
Species Stylaster purpuratus (Naumov, 1960)
Species Stylaster ramosus Broch, 1947
Species Stylaster repandus Cairns & Lindner, 2011
Species Stylaster robustus (Cairns, 1983)
Species Stylaster rosaceus (Greeff, 1886)
Species Stylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766)
Species Stylaster sanguineus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Species Stylaster scabiosus Broch, 1935
Species Stylaster sinuosus (Cairns, 1991)
Species Stylaster solidus Broch, 1935
Species Stylaster spatula Cairns, 1986
Species Stylaster stejnegeri (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster stellulatus Stewart, 1878
Species Stylaster subviolacea (Kent, 1871)
Species Stylaster tenisonwoodsi Cairns, 1988
Species Stylaster trachystomus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster venustus (Verrill, 1868)
Species Stylaster verrillii (Dall, 1884)

Species Stylaster rossoamericanus Brandt, 1872 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Stylaster (Allopora) Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Stylaster Gray, 1831 (synonymy)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) bocki Broch, 1936 accepted as Stylaster bocki Broch, 1936 (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) boreopacificus Broch, 1932 accepted as Stylaster boreopacificus Broch, 1932 (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) carinata Broch, 1936 accepted as Stylaster carinatus Broch, 1936 (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) norvegicus (Gunnerus, 1768) accepted as Stylaster norvegicus (Gunnerus, 1768) (changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) porphyrus accepted as Stylantheca papillosa (Dall, 1884) (synonymy)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) scabiosa Broch, 1936 accepted as Stylaster scabiosus Broch, 1935 (changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Allopora) solidus Broch, 1935 accepted as Stylaster solidus Broch, 1935 (changed combination)
Subgenus Stylaster (Eustylaster) Broch, 1914 accepted as Stylaster Gray, 1831 (synonymy)
  » Species Stylaster (Eustylaster) gemmascens (Esper, 1790) accepted as Stylaster gemmascens (Esper, 1790) (changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Eustylaster) lonchitis Broch, 1947 accepted as Stylaster lonchitis Broch, 1947 (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Eustylaster) ramosus Broch, 1947 accepted as Stylaster ramosus Broch, 1947 (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Stylaster (Eustylaster) roseus (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Stylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766) (changed combination)
Subgenus Stylaster (Stenohelia) Kent, 1870 accepted as Stenohelia Kent, 1870 (changed combination)
Subgenus Stylaster (Stylantheca) Fisher, 1931 accepted as Stylantheca Fischer, 1931 (changed combination)
Subgenus Stylaster (Stylaster) Gray, 1831 accepted as Stylaster Gray, 1831 (synonymy)
Species Stylaster abei (Eguchi, 1968) accepted as Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938) (synonymy)
Species Stylaster alaskana Fisher, 1938 accepted as Stylaster alaskanus Fisher, 1938 (wrong spelling species name)
Species Stylaster bella (Dana, 1846) accepted as Stylaster bellus (Dana, 1848) (wrong spelling)
Species Stylaster cancellatus Fisher, 1938 accepted as Stylaster alaskanus Fisher, 1938 (synonymy)
Species Stylaster challengeri Boschma, 1951 accepted as Stenohelia profunda Moseley, 1879 (synonymy)
Species Stylaster echinatus Broch, 1936 accepted as Stylaster filogranus Pourtalès, 1871 (synonymy)
Species Stylaster elegans Verrill, 1864 accepted as Stylaster sanguineus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Species Stylaster elegans Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Stylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867
Species Stylaster eximius Saville Kent, 1871 accepted as Stylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867 (synonym)
Species Stylaster laevis Studer, 1878 accepted as Conopora laevis (Studer, 1878)
Species Stylaster madeirensis (Johnston, 1862) accepted as Stenohelia maderensis (Johnson, 1862) (changed combination)
Species Stylaster minimus Hickson & England, 1905 accepted as Stenohelia minima (Hickson & England, 1905) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Stylaster moseleyanus (Fisher, 1938) accepted as Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster obliquus Studer, 1878 accepted as Conopora laevis (Studer, 1878)
Species Stylaster polyorchis (Fisher, 1938) accepted as Stylaster campylecus (Fisher, 1938)
Species Stylaster porphyra (Fisher, 1931) accepted as Stylantheca papillosa (Dall, 1884) (synonymy)
Species Stylaster punctatus Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Stylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766)
Species Stylaster scabiosa Broch, 1935 accepted as Stylaster scabiosus Broch, 1935 (amended spelling)
Species Stylaster tenuis Verrill, 1864 accepted as Stylaster sanguineus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Species Stylaster tiliatus Hickson & England, 1905 accepted as Stenohelia tiliata (Hickson & England, 1905) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Stylaster umbonatus Hickson & England, 1905 accepted as Stenohelia umbonata (Hickson & England, 1905) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Stylaster verrucosus Studer, 1878 accepted as Conopora verrucosa (Studer, 1878)
Species Stylaster virginus (Lindström, 1877) accepted as Stylaster complanatus Pourtalès, 1867 (synonymy)
Species Stylaster yabei Eguchi, 1941 accepted as Stenohelia yabei (Eguchi, 1941) (basionym, changed combination)
marine, brackish
recent + fossil
Gray JE. (1831). Description of a new genus (Stylaster) of star-bearing corals in Gray, J.E., Zoological Miscellany: London, Treuttel, Wurtz, and Co., p. 36–37.  [details]   
Depth range 1-1485 m  
Depth range 1-1485 m [details]

Fossil range Oligocene to Recent  
Fossil range Oligocene to Recent [details]

Taxonomy Cairns (1983) divided the genus into three species groups, based othe orientation of the cyclosystem on the branches.  
Taxonomy Cairns (1983) divided the genus into three species groups, based othe orientation of the cyclosystem on the branches. [details]

Description Calcareous skeleton with fine, tapering branches which are rounded in section. Pores grouped along outer edges. White,...  
Description Calcareous skeleton with fine, tapering branches which are rounded in section. Pores grouped along outer edges. White, purplish to yellow. Habitat: shallow to deep water. Distribution: all warm seas (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Schuchert, P. (2021). World Hydrozoa Database. Stylaster Gray, 1831. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117246 on 2021-05-06
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-11-20 02:14:34Z
changed
2010-11-21 17:12:16Z
changed
2017-07-14 13:20:04Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Gray JE. (1831). Description of a new genus (Stylaster) of star-bearing corals in Gray, J.E., Zoological Miscellany: London, Treuttel, Wurtz, and Co., p. 36–37.  [details]   

original description  (of Allopora Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Cryptaxis Reuss, 1865 †) Reuss, A. E. (1865). Zur Fauna des deutschen Oberoligocäns. Erste Abtheilung. <em>Sitzungsberichte der mathematisch-naturwissenschaflichen Classe der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.</em> 50 (1) [1864]: 435-482., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6445506 [details]   

original description  (of Deontopora Hall, 1893 †) Hall TS. (1893). On two new Tertiary stylasterids. <em>Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (New Series).</em> 5: 117-122., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8353945 [details]   

original description  (of Cryptaxiella Kuhn, 1939 †) Kühn, O., 1939. Hydrozoa. In: O.H. Schindewolf, Handbuch der Paläozoologie 2 5: A1-A68. [details]   

original description  (of Stylaster (Eustylaster) Broch, 1914) Broch H. (1914). Stylasteridae. <em>The Danish Ingolf-Expedition.</em> 5 (5): 1-27, pls. 1-5, map. [details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1983). A generic revision of the Stylasterina (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 1. Description of the genera. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 33(2): 427-508. [details]   

additional source Broch H. (1914). Stylasteridae. <em>The Danish Ingolf-Expedition.</em> 5 (5): 1-27, pls. 1-5, map. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Lindner A,. (2011). A revision of the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from Alaska and adjacent waters. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 158: 1–88. [details]   

additional source Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

redescription Cairns, S. D. (2015). Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region. <em>Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 28. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (1993), 207. Publications Scientifiques du Muséum: Paris.</em> 361 + 1 cd-rom pp., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/27379
page(s): 158; note: Key to New Caledonian species. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1986. Stylasteridae (Hydrozoa: Hydroida) of the Galapagos Islands. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 426: 1-42. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1986). A revision of the Northwest Atlantic Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 418: 1-131., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/Zoology/pdf_hi/SCTZ-0418.pdf
page(s): 54 [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1988. New records of Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from Western Australia, including the description of two new species. Rec. W. Aust. Mus. 14 1: 105-119. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Cairns SD. (1991). The Marine Fauna of New Zealand: Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydroida). <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Memoir 98: 1-179.</em>  [details]   

redescription Zibrowius, H.; Cairns, S.D. (1992). Revision of the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). <em>Mémoires du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, série A, Zoolologie.</em> 153: 1-136. [details]   

identification resource Cairns SD. (1992). A generic revision of the Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Part 3. Keys to the genera. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 49(1-2): 538-545. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Depth range 1-1485 m [details]

Fossil range Oligocene to Recent [details]

Taxonomy Cairns (1983) divided the genus into three species groups, based othe orientation of the cyclosystem on the branches. [details]

From other sources
Description Calcareous skeleton with fine, tapering branches which are rounded in section. Pores grouped along outer edges. White, purplish to yellow. Habitat: shallow to deep water. Distribution: all warm seas (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese サンゴモドキ属  [details]
Stylaster sp., 415 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 

Stylaster sp., 408 m West Florida Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-Pelagic Research Services. Identification by P. Etnoyer and D. Wagner.
 

Stylaster sp., 574 m Gulf of Mexico.

Image courtesy of NOAA Okeanos Explorer Program, Gulf of Mexico 2014 Expedition.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Stylaster sp. USNM 1071944)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Stylaster sp. USNM 1077817)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]