WoRMS taxon details

Istiophoridae Rafinesque, 1815

125539  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125539)

accepted
Family
Genus Istiompax Whitley, 1931
Genus Istiophorus Lacepède, 1801
  » Species Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus amarui Curtiss, 1944 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus americanus (Cuvier, 1832) accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Istiophorus audax (Philippi, 1887) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Istiophorus brookei Fowler, 1933 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus dubius Bleeker, 1872 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus eriquius Jordan & Ball, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus gladifer Lacepède, 1801 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus gladius (Bloch, 1793) accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus gladus (Bloch, 1793) accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) (misspelling)
  » Species Istiophorus greyi Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus greyii Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus immaculatus (Rüppell, 1830) accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus japonicus Jordan & Thompson, 1914 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus ludibundus Whitley, 1933 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus maguirei Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Istiophorus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
  » Species Istiophorus triactis Klunzinger, 1871 accepted as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792) (synonym)
  » Species Istiophorus volador Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Istiophorus wrighti Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
Genus Kajikia Hirasaka & Nakamura, 1947
Genus Makaira Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira mazara (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
  » Species Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira albicans Latreille, 1804 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Makaira albida (Poey, 1860) accepted as Kajikia albida (Poey, 1860)
  » Species Makaira ampla (Poey, 1860) accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira audax (Philippi, 1887) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira australis (MacLeay, 1854) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Makaira belone (Rafinesque, 1810) accepted as Tetrapturus belone Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Makaira bermudae Mowbray, 1931 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira brevirostris (Playfair, 1867) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Makaira ensis (Lacepède, 1800) accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira formosana (Hirasaka & Nakamura, 1947) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira grammatica Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira herschelii (Gray, 1838) accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira holei Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira indica (Cuvier, 1832) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Makaira indicus (Cuvier, 1832) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
  » Species Makaira lessonae (Canestrini, 1861) accepted as Kajikia albida (Poey, 1860)
  » Species Makaira malina Jordan & Hill, 1926 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
  » Species Makaira marhina Jordan & Hill, 1926 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
  » Species Makaira marlina Jordan & Hill, 1926 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Makaira mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder, 1901) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira nigra (Hirasaka & Nakamura, 1947) accepted as Makaira mazara (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
  » Species Makaira perezi de Buen, 1950 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Makaira tenuirostratus (Deraniyagala, 1951) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Makaira velifera Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Istiophorus albicans (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Makaira xantholineata Deraniyagala, 1956 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Makaira zelandica Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
Genus Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Tetrapturus angustirostris Tanaka, 1915
  » Species Tetrapturus belone Rafinesque, 1810
  » Species Tetrapturus georgii Lowe, 1841
  » Species Tetrapturus pfluegeri Robins & de Sylva, 1963
  » Species Tetrapturus acutirostratus Deraniyagala, 1951 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887) (misspelling)
  » Species Tetrapturus albidus Poey, 1860 accepted as Kajikia albida (Poey, 1860)
  » Species Tetrapturus amplus Poey, 1860 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Tetrapturus audax (Philippi, 1887) accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Tetrapturus australis MacLeay, 1854 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Tetrapturus brevirostris (Playfair, 1867) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Tetrapturus ectenes Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Tetrapturus georgei Lowe, 1841 accepted as Tetrapturus georgii Lowe, 1841 (misspelling)
  » Species Tetrapturus herschelii Gray, 1838 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Tetrapturus illingworthi Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Tetrapturus angustirostris Tanaka, 1915
  » Species Tetrapturus indicus Cuvier, 1832 accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832)
  » Species Tetrapturus kraussi Jordan & Evermann, 1926 accepted as Tetrapturus angustirostris Tanaka, 1915
  » Species Tetrapturus lessonae Canestrini, 1861 accepted as Kajikia albida (Poey, 1860)
  » Species Tetrapturus mazara Jordan & Snyder, 1901 accepted as Makaira mazara (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
  » Species Tetrapturus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1901 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
  » Species Tetrapturus tenuirostratus Deraniyagala, 1951 accepted as Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)

Genus Eumakaira Hirasaka & Nakamura, 1947 accepted as Makaira Lacepède, 1802
Genus Istiomax accepted as Istiompax Whitley, 1931 (misspelling)
Genus Lamontella Smith, 1956 accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810
Genus Maikaira accepted as Makaira Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
  » Species Maikaira indica (Cuvier, 1832) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
  » Species Maikaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
Genus Makairaf accepted as Makaira Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
Genus Malina accepted as Marlina Grey, 1928 (misspelling)
  » Species Malina malina (Jordan & Hill, 1926) accepted as Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832) (misspelling)
Genus Marlina Grey, 1928 accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810
Genus Orthocraeros Smith, 1956 accepted as Makaira Lacepède, 1802
Genus Pseudohistiophorus de Buen, 1950 accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810
Genus Scheponopodus accepted as Skeponopodus Nardo, 1833 (misspelling)
Genus Skeponopodus Nardo, 1833 accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
Genus Tetraplurus accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
Genus Tetrapterurus accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
Genus Tetrapterus accepted as Tetrapturus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
marine
Not documented
Description Distribution: most tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones produced, forming a spear-like bill or...  
Description Distribution: most tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones produced, forming a spear-like bill or rostrum with a rounded cross-section. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Very narrow pelvic fins. Jaw teeth present. Two keels on each side of caudal peduncle in adults. Dorsal fin extending over much of body length; sometimes resembling a sail. Dorsal fin can be depresssed into a groove. Lateral line persists in life. Vertebrae 24. Maximum length 4 m. Bill used for stunning prey fish. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Very popular as game fish. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Istiophoridae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125539 on 2021-06-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Bermuda) Smith-Vaniz, W. F.; Collette, B. B.; Luckhurst, B. E (1999). Fishes of Bermuda: History, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists - Special Publication No.4) . ASIH, 424 pp. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2021). Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Distribution: most tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones produced, forming a spear-like bill or rostrum with a rounded cross-section. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Very narrow pelvic fins. Jaw teeth present. Two keels on each side of caudal peduncle in adults. Dorsal fin extending over much of body length; sometimes resembling a sail. Dorsal fin can be depresssed into a groove. Lateral line persists in life. Vertebrae 24. Maximum length 4 m. Bill used for stunning prey fish. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Very popular as game fish. [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch marlijn  [details]
English billfishes  [details]
French marlin  [details]
Japanese マカジキ科  [details]