WoRMS taxon details

Ampharete Malmgren, 1865

129155  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129155)

accepted
Genus
Ampharete grubei Malmgren, 1865 (type by subsequent designation)
Asabellides Annenkova, 1929 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Branchiosabella Claparède, 1863 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Heterobranchus Wagner, 1885 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Pseudosabellides Berkeley & Berkeley, 1943 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Sabellides Milne Edwards in Lamarck, 1838 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Species Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860)
Species Ampharete agulhasensis (Day, 1961)
Species Ampharete americana Day, 1973
Species Ampharete ampullata Imajima, Reuscher & Fiege, 2012
Species Ampharete baltica Eliason, 1955
Species Ampharete borealis (M. Sars, 1856)
Species Ampharete californica (Hilbig, 2000)
Species Ampharete capensis (Day, 1961)
Species Ampharete cinnamomea Imajima, Reuscher & Fiege, 2012
Species Ampharete cirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Species Ampharete cornuta (Hilbig, 2000)
Species Ampharete crassiseta Annenkova, 1929
Species Ampharete debrouweri Jeldes & Lefevre, 1959
Species Ampharete eupalea Chamberlin, 1920
Species Ampharete falcata Eliason, 1955
Species Ampharete finmarchica (M. Sars, 1865)
Species Ampharete goesi Malmgren, 1866
Species Ampharete grubei Malmgren, 1865
Species Ampharete homa Chamberlin, 1919
Species Ampharete intermedia (Marion, 1875)
Species Ampharete johanseni Chamberlin, 1920
Species Ampharete kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885
Species Ampharete kudenovi Jirkov, 1994
Species Ampharete labrops Hartman, 1961
Species Ampharete lindstroemi Hessle, 1917
Species Ampharete lineata (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1943)
Species Ampharete longipaleolata Uschakov, 1950
Species Ampharete luederitzi (Augener, 1918)
Species Ampharete macrobranchia Caullery, 1944
Species Ampharete manriquei (Salazar-Vallejo, 1996)
Species Ampharete minuta Langerhans, 1880
Species Ampharete octocirrata (Sars, 1835)
Species Ampharete oculata (Webster, 1879)
Species Ampharete oculicirrata Parapar, Moreira & Barnich, 2019
Species Ampharete parvidentata Day, 1973
Species Ampharete petersenae Jirkov, 1997
Species Ampharete reducta Chamberlin, 1920
Species Ampharete santillani Parapar, Kongsrud, Kongshavn, Alvestad, Aneiros & Moreira, 2017
Species Ampharete saphronovae Jirkov, 1994
Species Ampharete setosa Verrill, 1873
Species Ampharete sibirica (Wirén, 1883)
Species Ampharete sombreriana McIntosh, 1885
Species Ampharete trilobata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Species Ampharete undecima Alvestad, Kongsrud & Kongshavn, 2014
Species Ampharete vega (Wirén, 1883)
Species Ampharete villenai Parapar, Helgason, Jirkov & Moreira, 2012
Species Ampharete zostericola (Claparède, 1863)

Species Ampharete arctica Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Ampharete finmarchica (M. Sars, 1865) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Ampharete brevibranchiata Treadwell, 1926 accepted as Ampharete arctica Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Ampharete finmarchica (M. Sars, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Ampharete elongata (Ehlers, 1913) accepted as Neosabellides elongatus (Ehlers, 1913) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Ampharete gagarae Uschakov, 1950 accepted as Anobothrus gracilis (Malmgren, 1866) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Ampharete goeesi [auct.] accepted as Ampharete goesi Malmgren, 1866 (lapsus calami)
Species Ampharete gracilis Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Anobothrus gracilis (Malmgren, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Ampharete kawalewskii Grimm, 1876 accepted as Amphicteis invalida Grube, 1860 accepted as Hypania invalida (Grube, 1860) (subjective synonym (later Grimm, 1877 changed the spelling))
Species Ampharete patagonica Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Anobothrus patagonicus (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Ampharete seribranchiata Treadwell, 1926 accepted as Ampharete eupalea Chamberlin, 1920 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866? vol for 1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 362; note: created for four new species (in order of presentation): Ampharete grubei, A. goesi, A. arctica, A gracilis [details]   
Note The type species of Ampharete is Ampharete...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species of Ampharete is Ampharete grubei Malmgren (via Code Article 69.2.2), and Ampharete amphicteis (Grube) is NOT the type species, contrary to the listing in the Hartman (1959) catalogue. The choice of type species is not clear cut, as it must be determined by subsequent designation from those nominal species first included by Malmgren. In 1865 (possibly published 1866) Malmgren included four new species (in order of presentation: Ampharete grubei, A. goesi, A. arctica, A gracilis) in the new genus Ampharete, but the first listed is Ampharete grubei, which he considered as similar to, but distinct from Amphicteis acutifrons Grube 1860, a species which Malmgren did not include recombined as one of the other Ampharete species (although he should have, given his almost synonymy of his new species A. grubei, to A. acutifrons). After some decades Hessle (1917) placed Ampharete grubei as a synonym of Ampharete acutifrons (original combination Amphicteis acutifrons), but he does not indicate a type species for Ampharete. Hartman (1959: 482), in what has been treated as the valid subsequent designation, lists the type of Ampharete as Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) (possibly Hartman was copying a previous designation). However, this is not possible as only an originally included name can be a type species of a genus (current Code Article 69.1 and earlier Codes dating back to 1905)). This is fundamental. For genus Ampharete Article 69.2.2 decides which of the originally included species is the type species. This article sets the type species to be the originally included species name that is the (junior) synonym of the species name subsequently designated as type, if this originally included species had been at the same time the only species name so synonymized out of the original names included in the genus. Hartman's (1959) checklist makes A. acutifrons senior to three names, but of these only Ampharete grubei was a name originally included by Malmgren. Thus, assuming a prior type designation to Hartman's is not found, Ampharete grubei is the type species of Ampharete. It is one of the originally included names, is an available name, and is a valid species, no longer (status fide Krüger et al. 2022) merely a junior synonym name of Ampharete acutifrons. Krüger et al. (2022) followed Hartman in retaining Amphicteis acutifrons (as Ampharete acutifrons) as type species of Ampharete, but this cannot be correct, as explained above. [G. Read, August, 2022] [details]
Etymology unstated by Malmgren, but it seems at the time he was using ancient Greek names of women for genera. Ampharete, Samytha,...  
Etymology unstated by Malmgren, but it seems at the time he was using ancient Greek names of women for genera. Ampharete, Samytha, and Melinna are Greek female names. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2022). World Polychaeta Database. Ampharete Malmgren, 1865. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129155 on 2022-09-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-04 06:49:09Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2019-06-20 03:25:43Z
changed
2020-07-17 03:09:42Z
changed
2022-08-10 22:25:33Z
changed
2022-08-11 10:23:00Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866? vol for 1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 362; note: created for four new species (in order of presentation): Ampharete grubei, A. goesi, A. arctica, A gracilis [details]   

original description  (of Sabellides Milne Edwards in Lamarck, 1838) Lamarck, J.-B. de. (1838). Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertèbres. 2nd Edition. Volume 5. 1-699 [Annelids & Polychaeta occupies p499 to 639]. J.B. Baillière Librarie. Paris. , available online at http://www.archive.org/details/histoirenaturell051838lama
page(s): 608 [details]   

original description  (of Asabellides Annenkova, 1929) Annenkova, N. (1929). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Polychaeten-Fauna der USSR. I. Fam. Pectinariidae Quatrefages (Amphictenidae Malmgren) und Ampharetidae Malmgren. <em>Annuaire du Musee Zoologique de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS.</em> 30(3): 477-502 + plates XXXVII-XXXIX.
page(s): 494 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Pterampharete Augener, 1918) Augener, Hermann. (1918). Polychaeta. <em>Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas.</em> 2(2): 67-625, plates II-VII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7172280
page(s): 505 [details]   

original description  (of Branchiosabella Claparède, 1863) Claparède, A. R. É. (1863). Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere: an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-120, 18 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10030
page(s): 34 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Heterobranchus Wagner, 1885) Wagner, Nicolas. (1885). Die Wirbellosen des Weissen Meeres. Erster Band : zoologische Forschungen an der Küste des Solowetzkischen Meerbusens in den Sommermonaten der Jahre 1877, 1878, 1879 und 1882. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.65513
page(s): 56; note: name in flow of text, not indicated as new [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pseudosabellides Berkeley & Berkeley, 1943) Berkeley, E. and Berkeley, C. 1943. Biological and ocenographical conditions in Hudson Bay. II. Polychaeta from Hudson Bay. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 6(2): 129-132. [details]   

taxonomy source Hessle, Christian. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38891407
page(s): 95; note: Ampharete genus diagnosis. Ampharete grubei included as a synonym of A. acutifrons (Grube) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

identification resource Krüger, Lotte; Dietrich, Anna; Bastrop, Ralf; Bick, Andreas. (2022). From synonym to valid species: Redescriptions of Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) and A. cirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887, and brief descriptions of A. baltica Eliason, 1955 and A. grubei Malmgren, 1865 (Annelida: Terebellida: Ampharetidae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 5174(4): 357–380., available online at https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5174.4.3
note: key to all species of Ampharete from the North Atlantic [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

subsequent type designation Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
page(s): 482; note: Hartman's checklist lists Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) as type species of Ampharete, apparently the first subsequent designation. However, this is not possible as Amphicteis acutifrons was not ...  
Hartman's checklist lists Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) as type species of Ampharete, apparently the first subsequent designation. However, this is not possible as Amphicteis acutifrons was not originally recorded by Malmgren when he created Ampharete.
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology unstated by Malmgren, but it seems at the time he was using ancient Greek names of women for genera. Ampharete, Samytha, and Melinna are Greek female names. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine, as Ampharete is a Greek female name, and all adjectival names created have been feminine. [details]

Type species The type species of Ampharete is Ampharete grubei Malmgren (via Code Article 69.2.2), and Ampharete amphicteis (Grube) is NOT the type species, contrary to the listing in the Hartman (1959) catalogue. The choice of type species is not clear cut, as it must be determined by subsequent designation from those nominal species first included by Malmgren. In 1865 (possibly published 1866) Malmgren included four new species (in order of presentation: Ampharete grubei, A. goesi, A. arctica, A gracilis) in the new genus Ampharete, but the first listed is Ampharete grubei, which he considered as similar to, but distinct from Amphicteis acutifrons Grube 1860, a species which Malmgren did not include recombined as one of the other Ampharete species (although he should have, given his almost synonymy of his new species A. grubei, to A. acutifrons). After some decades Hessle (1917) placed Ampharete grubei as a synonym of Ampharete acutifrons (original combination Amphicteis acutifrons), but he does not indicate a type species for Ampharete. Hartman (1959: 482), in what has been treated as the valid subsequent designation, lists the type of Ampharete as Ampharete acutifrons (Grube, 1860) (possibly Hartman was copying a previous designation). However, this is not possible as only an originally included name can be a type species of a genus (current Code Article 69.1 and earlier Codes dating back to 1905)). This is fundamental. For genus Ampharete Article 69.2.2 decides which of the originally included species is the type species. This article sets the type species to be the originally included species name that is the (junior) synonym of the species name subsequently designated as type, if this originally included species had been at the same time the only species name so synonymized out of the original names included in the genus. Hartman's (1959) checklist makes A. acutifrons senior to three names, but of these only Ampharete grubei was a name originally included by Malmgren. Thus, assuming a prior type designation to Hartman's is not found, Ampharete grubei is the type species of Ampharete. It is one of the originally included names, is an available name, and is a valid species, no longer (status fide Krüger et al. 2022) merely a junior synonym name of Ampharete acutifrons. Krüger et al. (2022) followed Hartman in retaining Amphicteis acutifrons (as Ampharete acutifrons) as type species of Ampharete, but this cannot be correct, as explained above. [G. Read, August, 2022] [details]