WoRMS taxon details

Sigalion Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1832

129594  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129594)

accepted
Genus
Eusigalion Augener, 1918 (subjective synonym)
Thalenessa Baird, 1868 (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion amboinensis Grube, 1877
Species Sigalion antillarus Grube, 1875
Species Sigalion arenicola Verrill, 1880
Species Sigalion asiaticus (Uschakov & Wu, 1965)
Species Sigalion blainvillii Costa, 1841
Species Sigalion capensis Day, 1960
Species Sigalion cirrifer Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974
Species Sigalion edwardsi Kinberg, 1856
Species Sigalion lewisii Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939
Species Sigalion lituus Imajima, 2005
Species Sigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1832
Species Sigalion microantennatus Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Species Sigalion oligospinosus Wehe, 2007
Species Sigalion omanensis Wehe, 2007
Species Sigalion opalinus Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975
Species Sigalion orientalis Wehe, 2007
Species Sigalion oviger Monro, 1924
Species Sigalion papillosus Imajima, 1967
Species Sigalion pergamentaceum Grube, 1856
Species Sigalion pourtalesii Ehlers, 1887
Species Sigalion shimodaensis Imajima, 2006
Species Sigalion socotrensis Wehe, 2007
Species Sigalion spinosus (Hartman, 1939)
Species Sigalion squamosus Delle Chiaje, 1830
Species Sigalion stelliferum (Müller in Linnaeus, 1788)
Species Sigalion stylolepis (Willey, 1905)
Species Sigalion tanseimaruae Imajima, 2006
Species Sigalion vazensis (Augener, 1918)

Species Sigalion orientalis Imajima, 2009 (nomen dubium, unreplaced junior primary homonym to S. orientalis Wehe, 2007)

Subgenus Sigalion (Psammolyce) Kinberg, 1856 accepted as Psammolyce Kinberg, 1856 (return to genus rank)
  » Species Sigalion (Psammolyce) rigida Grube, 1868 accepted as Pelogenia rigida (Grube, 1868) (superseded original combination)
Species Sigalion antillarum Grube, 1875 accepted as Sigalion antillarus Grube, 1875
Species Sigalion arenosum Delle Chiaje, 1830 accepted as Pelogenia arenosa (Delle Chiaje, 1830) (superseded original combination)
Species Sigalion bandaensis Horst, 1917 accepted as Sigalion amboinensis Grube, 1877 (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion boa Johnston, 1833 accepted as Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1833) (superseded original combination)
Species Sigalion buskii McIntosh, 1876 accepted as Neoleanira tetragona (Örsted, 1845) (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion capense Day, 1960 accepted as Sigalion capensis Day, 1960
Species Sigalion carringtonii Carrington, 1865 accepted as Sigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1832 (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion cirriferum Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974 accepted as Sigalion cirrifer Orensanz & Gianuca, 1974 (incorrect original spelling, for compulsory gender agreement)
Species Sigalion estellae Guerin, 1843 accepted as Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1833) (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion herminiae Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1832 accepted as Pelogenia arenosa (Delle Chiaje, 1830) (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion idunae Rathke, 1843 accepted as Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1833) (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion limicola Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Sthenelais limicola (Ehlers, 1864) (superseded original combination)
Species Sigalion microantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1974 accepted as Sigalion microantennatus Hartmann-Schröder, 1974
Species Sigalion ocellatum Bobretzky, 1868 accepted as Pholoe minuta (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Sigalion oculatum Peters, 1854 accepted as Euthalenessa oculata (Peters, 1854) (superseded original combination)
Species Sigalion opalinum Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975 accepted as Sigalion opalinus Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975
Species Sigalion ovigerum Monro, 1924 [original spelling] accepted as Sigalion oviger Monro, 1924 (incorrect original spelling (gender agreement))
Species Sigalion papillosum Imajima, 1967 accepted as Sigalion papillosus Imajima, 1967
Species Sigalion squamatum Delle Chiaje, 1830 accepted as Sigalion squamosus Delle Chiaje, 1830
Species Sigalion squamosum Delle Chiaje, 1830 accepted as Sigalion squamosus Delle Chiaje, 1830
Species Sigalion tetragonum Örsted, 1845 accepted as Neoleanira tetragona (Örsted, 1845) (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1832). [Part 1] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> Sér. 1, 27: 337-447., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6062037
page(s): 438, 441, plate 9, figures 1-10; note: for Sigalion mathildae [details]   
Note Type species S. Mathildae Audouin and Milne...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species S. Mathildae Audouin and Milne Edwards is mentioned only as a footnote in Cuvier (1830), without description (so a nomen nudum), referring to "Aud. et Edw., Littor. de la France" which work did not appear until 1834. The actual first description was published in another Audouin & Milne Edwards work in 1832 in 'Annales des sciences naturelles" [details]
Etymology According to Mackie & Chambers (1990:52) "Several authors have treated Sigalion as neuter, but Sigalion is a Greek name for...  
Etymology According to Mackie & Chambers (1990:52) "Several authors have treated Sigalion as neuter, but Sigalion is a Greek name for the Egyptian god of silence, more commonly known as Harpocrates, and is of masculine gender (Lewis & Short 1879). This is clearly indicated by the words (" … aut tua Sigalion Aegyptius oscula signet . . .") of the poet Ausonius …" Much earlier Johnston (1865: 123) explained this in a footnote: "Sigalion is a name of Harpocrates, the companion of Aesculapius and Hygeia, by whom physicians were obliged to swear [an oath]"
 [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Sigalion Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1832. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129594 on 2021-05-06
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-01-25 09:20:00Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2020-11-17 21:30:34Z
changed
2020-11-18 21:03:39Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1832). [Part 1] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> Sér. 1, 27: 337-447., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6062037
page(s): 438, 441, plate 9, figures 1-10; note: for Sigalion mathildae [details]   

original description  (of Thalenessa Baird, 1868) Baird, William 1868. Contributions to a monograph of the Aphroditacea. Journal of the Linnean Society of London 9(33): 31-38.
page(s): 34; note: Erected for Sigalion edwardsi Kinberg, River Plate, S America [details]   

original description  (of Eusigalion Augener, 1918) Augener, Hermann. (1918). Polychaeta. <em>Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas.</em> 2(2): 67-625, plates II-VII., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7172280
page(s): 113 [details]   

taxonomy source Wehe, T. (2007). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part II: Sigalionidae. <em>Fauna of Arabia.</em> 23: 41–124. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Mackie, Andrew S. Y.; Chambers, Susan J. (1990). Revision of the type species of Sigalion, Thalenessa and Eusigalion (Polychaeta: Sigalionidae). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 19(1): 39-56., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1990.tb00239.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

original description (unavailable nomenclaturally) Cuvier, G. (1830). <i>Le règne animal distingué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée.</i> Nouvelle édition 2, Vol. 3: 1-504, pls. 1-20 (1830). <em>[book series].</em> Nouvelle édition 2, Vol. 3: 1-504, pls. 1-20, Paris: Déterville & Crochard., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33372853
page(s): 207; note: lacks a valid species name (Code12.2.5) [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology According to Mackie & Chambers (1990:52) "Several authors have treated Sigalion as neuter, but Sigalion is a Greek name for the Egyptian god of silence, more commonly known as Harpocrates, and is of masculine gender (Lewis & Short 1879). This is clearly indicated by the words (" … aut tua Sigalion Aegyptius oscula signet . . .") of the poet Ausonius …" Much earlier Johnston (1865: 123) explained this in a footnote: "Sigalion is a name of Harpocrates, the companion of Aesculapius and Hygeia, by whom physicians were obliged to swear [an oath]"
 [details]

Grammatical gender masculine (fide Mackie & Chambers, 1990) [details]

Publication date A description of Sigalion was not published until 1832. However Cuvier (1830) prematurely published the name. The total content of his definition is this: "Les Sigalions, Aud. et Mil n. Edw., sont d'une forme bien plus alonge que les autres aphrodites; ils ont des cirrhes tous les pieds" He also refers (name only) to Sigalion Mathildae in a footnote, but as Audouin & Milne Edwards work was not published for another two years, this cannot validate Cuvier's nomen nudum species name usage by indication. Code article 12.2.5 requires an available species name for a new genus name. Mackie & Chambers (1990: 39-40) introduced the use of Cuvier, 1830 for the genus authority, but earlier workers had used the 1832 publication of Audouin & Milne Edwards, and this seems to be the correct decision under the Code. [details]

Type species Type species S. Mathildae Audouin and Milne Edwards is mentioned only as a footnote in Cuvier (1830), without description (so a nomen nudum), referring to "Aud. et Edw., Littor. de la France" which work did not appear until 1834. The actual first description was published in another Audouin & Milne Edwards work in 1832 in 'Annales des sciences naturelles" [details]
Sigalion mathildae Audouin & Milne Edwards in Cuvier, 1830
 Sigalion mathildae ...
[image from typetaxon]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 095766)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]