WoRMS taxon details

Astrangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

135126  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135126)

accepted
Genus
Astrangia (Astrangia) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Astrangia (Coenangia) Verrill, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Coenangia Verrill, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Gombertangia Oppenheim, 1899 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Species Astrangia atrata (Dennant, 1906)
  2. Species Astrangia browni Palmer, 1928
  3. Species Astrangia californica Durham & Barnard, 1952
  4. Species Astrangia conferta Verrill, 1870
  5. Species Astrangia costata Verrill, 1866
  6. Species Astrangia dentata Verrill, 1866
  7. Species Astrangia equatorialis Durham & Barnard, 1952
  8. Species Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866
  9. Species Astrangia howardi Durham & Barnard, 1952
  10. Species Astrangia macrodentata Thiel, 1940
  11. Species Astrangia mercatoris Thiel, 1941
  12. Species Astrangia pichoni Serra, Neves, Alves & Johnsson, 2023
  13. Species Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  14. Species Astrangia rathbuni Vaughan, 1906
  15. Species Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817)
  16. Species Astrangia woodsi Wells, 1955
  17. Subgenus Astrangia (Astrangia) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Astrangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    1. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) browni Palmer, 1928 accepted as Astrangia browni Palmer, 1928 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) caboensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    3. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) californica Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia californica Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    4. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) concepcionensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    5. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) concinna Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    6. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) coronadosensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    7. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) cortezi Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    8. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) costata Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia costata Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    9. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) dentata Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia dentata Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    10. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) equatorialis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia equatorialis Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    11. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) gardnerensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia equatorialis Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    12. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) haimei Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    13. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) hancocki Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    14. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) hondaensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Polycyathus hondaensis (Durham & Barnard, 1952) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    15. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) howardi Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia howardi Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    16. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) lajollaensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    17. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) oaxacensis Palmer, 1928 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    18. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) pedersenii Verrill, 1870 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    19. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) pulchella Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    20. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) sanfelipensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    21. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) santelmoensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    22. Species Astrangia (Astrangia) tangolaensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia californica Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  18. Subgenus Astrangia (Coenangia) Verrill, 1870 accepted as Astrangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Astrangia (Coenangia) conferta Verrill, 1870 accepted as Astrangia conferta Verrill, 1870 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  19. Subgenus Astrangia (Phyllangia) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  20. Species Astrangia astreiformis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  21. Species Astrangia brasiliensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  22. Species Astrangia braziliensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, misspelling)
  23. Species Astrangia caboensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  24. Species Astrangia concepcionensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  25. Species Astrangia concinna Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  26. Species Astrangia coronadosensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  27. Species Astrangia cortezi Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  28. Species Astrangia danae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  29. Species Astrangia danae Agassiz, 1850 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  30. Species Astrangia danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, emended spelling)
  31. Species Astrangia edwardsii Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  32. Species Astrangia epithecata Duncan, 1876 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  33. Species Astrangia gardnerensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia equatorialis Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  34. Species Astrangia granulata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  35. Species Astrangia hancocki Durham & Barnrad, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  36. Species Astrangia hayamaensis Eguchi, 1968 accepted as Phyllangia hayamaensis (Eguchi, 1968) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  37. Species Astrangia hondaensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Polycyathus hondaensis (Durham & Barnard, 1952) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  38. Species Astrangia huttoni (Tenison-Woods, 1879) accepted as Culicia rubeola (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  39. Species Astrangia insignifica Ricketts & Calvin, 1939 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  40. Species Astrangia lajollaensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  41. Species Astrangia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Astrangia poculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  42. Species Astrangia minuta Duncan, 1876 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  43. Species Astrangia neglecta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1817) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  44. Species Astrangia oaxacensis Palmer, 1928 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  45. Species Astrangia palifera Verrill, 1870 accepted as Polycyathus palifera (Verrill, 1870) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  46. Species Astrangia papuensis Studer, 1879 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  47. Species Astrangia pedersenii Verrill, 1870 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  48. Species Astrangia phyllangoides Duschassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Phyllangia americana americana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  49. Species Astrangia pulchella Verrill, 1866 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  50. Species Astrangia sanfelipensis Durham & Barnard, 1952 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  51. Species Astrangia santelmoensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia haimei Verrill, 1866 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  52. Species Astrangia tangolaensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Astrangia californica Durham & Barnard, 1952 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Observations sur les Polypiers de la famille des Astréides. <em>Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Des Sciences, Paris.</em> 27: 465–470. [details]   
Taxonomic remark Seiblitz et al. (2022) placed Astrangia in Rhizangiidae, having overlooked its recent placement in Astrangiidae (Löser et...  
Taxonomic remark Seiblitz et al. (2022) placed Astrangia in Rhizangiidae, having overlooked its recent placement in Astrangiidae (Löser et al. 2021) They did not discuss its taxonomic position and therefore we cannot say that they moved the genus back to Rhizangiidae,  [details]

Depth range 0-263 m  
Depth range 0-263 m [details]

Description Genus of non-reef building scleractinians; Indo-Pacific and Atlantic. Solitary, attached and cylindrical. Corallites are in...  
Description Genus of non-reef building scleractinians; Indo-Pacific and Atlantic. Solitary, attached and cylindrical. Corallites are in close clusters linked by rootlets, all septa are toothed. Cleaned skeletons of some species remain dark-coloured (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]

Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent  
Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2023). World List of Scleractinia. Astrangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135126 on 2023-12-11
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-06 06:55:51Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2010-09-08 12:59:53Z
checked
2018-08-06 09:40:19Z
changed
2019-05-21 13:53:54Z
changed
2022-02-18 08:41:25Z
changed
2022-05-23 14:47:23Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Observations sur les Polypiers de la famille des Astréides. <em>Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Des Sciences, Paris.</em> 27: 465–470. [details]   

original description  (of Coenangia Verrill, 1870) Verrill, AE. (1868-1870). Notes on the Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species. No. 6. Review of the polyps and corals of the West Coast of America. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 1: 377-558, pls. 5-10., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/34032#/summary [details]   

original description  (of Astrangia (Coenangia) Verrill, 1870) Verrill, AE. (1868-1870). Notes on the Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species. No. 6. Review of the polyps and corals of the West Coast of America. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 1: 377-558, pls. 5-10., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/34032#/summary [details]   

original description  (of Gombertangia Oppenheim, 1899 †) Oppenheim P. (1899). Paläontologische Miscellaneėn. II. <em>Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 51: 207-242, pls. 11-13. [details]   

taxonomy source Löser H, Angel Fernández-Mendiola P, Pérez-Malo J, Domínguez Pascual S, Cahuzac B. (2021). Redefinition of the family Rhizangiidae (Scleractinia; Cretaceous to Recent) and description of a new genus from the Early Cretaceous of Spain. <em>Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen.</em> 299(3): 259-274., available online at https://doi.org/10.1127/njgpa/2021/0968 [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., V. Häussermann & G. Försterra. (2005). A review of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Chile, with the description of two new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1018: 15-46., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1018.1.2
page(s): 16-17, 20-21 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Duncan PM (1884) A revision of the families and genera of the sclerodermic Zoantharia, Ed. & H., or Madreporaria (M. Rugosa excepted). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 18: 1-204. [details]   

additional source Kitahara, M.V., J. Stolarski, S.D. Cairns, F. Benzoni, J.L. Stake & D.J. Miller. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 306, 307 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hubbard, R. H.; Wells, J. W. (1986). Ahermatypic shallow-water scleractinian corals of Trinidad. Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands, 68(211): 121-144
page(s): 128, Figure 8, 9 (USNM 68466) [details]   

additional source Brugler, M. R.; France, S. C. (2007). The complete mitochondrial genome of the black coral Chrysopathes formosa (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia) supports classification of antipatharians within the subclass Hexacorallia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 42, 776-788
page(s): 778, 779, 781, 782 [details]   

additional source Medina, M.; Collins, A. G.; Takaoka, T. L.; Kuehl, J. V.; Boore, J. L. (2006). Naked corals: skeleton loss in Scleractinia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(24): 9096-9100
page(s): 9097, 9099 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 95, 113 [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the Natural History of the Caribbean Region.</em> 75: 1-231. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype NMSR 9041, geounit French Polynesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 1021962, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Comparison Differs from Hoplangia in having entire axial edges of septa dentate. [details]

Diagnosis Corallum colonial, usually encrusting or subplocoid in calice arrangement achieved by extracalicular budding from edge zone; corallites united basally by thin coenosteum; costae granular; axial edges of all septa dentate; columella papillose. [details]

Remark The genus is in need of revision. There are approximately 30 species, 15 of which occur in the Recent (Cairns et al., 1999). [details]

Taxonomic remark Seiblitz et al. (2022) placed Astrangia in Rhizangiidae, having overlooked its recent placement in Astrangiidae (Löser et al. 2021) They did not discuss its taxonomic position and therefore we cannot say that they moved the genus back to Rhizangiidae,  [details]

From other sources
Biology zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 0-263 m [details]

Description Genus of non-reef building scleractinians; Indo-Pacific and Atlantic. Solitary, attached and cylindrical. Corallites are in close clusters linked by rootlets, all septa are toothed. Cleaned skeletons of some species remain dark-coloured (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]

Fossil range Cretaceous to Recent [details]