WoRMS taxon details

Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758

135209  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135209)

accepted
Species
Amphelia oculata (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Amphihelia kauaiensis (Vaughan, 1907) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Amphihelia moresbyi Alcock, 1898 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Amphihelia oculata (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Amphihelia tenuis (Moseley, 1880) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Cyathohelia formosa Alcock, 1898 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophohelia candida Moseley, 1880 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophohelia investigatoris Alcock, 1898 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophohelia tenui Moseley, 1880 · unaccepted (wrong spelling species name,...)  
wrong spelling species name, wrong identification
Lophohelia tenuis Moseley, 1880 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora (Amphihelia) oculata Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (changed combination)
Madrepora alcocki Faustino, 1927 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora candida (Moseley, 1881) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora galapagensis Vaughan, 1906 · unaccepted (change of taxonomic status)
Madrepora kauaiensis Vaughan, 1907 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora tenuis (Moseley, 1881) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora vitiae Squires & Keyes, 1967 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Oculina oculata (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Sclerhelia formosa (Alcock, 1898) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Sclerohelia formosa (Alcock, 1898) · unaccepted (synonymy)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Lectotype  (of Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898)) USNM...  
Lectotype (of Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898)) USNM 888, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Depth range 55-1950 m  
Depth range 55-1950 m [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan  
Distribution cosmopolitan [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135209 on 2022-05-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-08-08 07:18:22Z
changed
2019-08-22 12:04:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Madrepora kauaiensis Vaughan, 1907) Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427. [details]   

original description  (of Cyathohelia formosa Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia investigatoris Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. VI Madreporaria. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora alcocki Faustino, 1927) Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora vitiae Squires & Keyes, 1967) Squires DF, Keyes IW. (1967). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinian corals. <em>New Zealand Department of Scientiic and Industrial Research Bulletin.</em> 185: 1-46, pls. 1-6. [details]   

original description  (of Amphihelia (Diplohelia) moresbyi Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia tenuis Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. VI Madreporaria. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898)) Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 436, 473-474, 483 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia candida Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Amphelia venusta Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1850) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 5. Monographie des oculinides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 13: 63-110, pls. 3-4., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13434560 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Bermuda) Cairns, S. D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the western Atlantic (Bermuda references - pp. 26-29). Studies on the Natural History of the Caribbean Region, 75: 1-231 [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1984). New records of ahermatypic corals (Scleractinia) from the Hawaiian and Line Islands. <em>Occasional Papers of the Bishop Musem.</em> 25(10): 1-30. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Keller NB. (1993). New taxa and distributional records of azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the tropical south-west Indian Ocean, with comments on their zoogeography and ecology. <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 103(5): 213-292, 13 pls. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (2004). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 56(3): 259-329. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. <em>in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1995). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa. <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Memoir.</em> 103: 1-210. [details]   

additional source Rossi, L., 1958. Contributo allo studio della fauna di profondita' vivente presso la riviera Ligure di Levante. Doriana 2 92: 1-13.
page(s): 6, 9, 10 [details]   

additional source Jensen, A. & R. Frederiksen, 1992. The fauna associated with the bank-forming deepwater coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) on the Faroe shelf. Sarsia 77 1: 53-69.
page(s): 60 [details]   

additional source Dawson, E.W., 1992. The Coelenterata of the New Zealand region: a handlist for curators, students and ecologists. Occ. Pap. Hutton Found., New Zealand 1 : 1-68.
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 35 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 134 [details]   

additional source Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>[book].</em> pp. 451, Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6019361
page(s): 308-309, 443 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Reyss, D. (1973). Les canyons sous-marins de la mer Catalane, le Rech du Cap et le Rech Lacaze-Duthiers. IV. Etude synécologique des peuplements de macrofaune benthique. <em>Vie et Milieu.</em> 23(1): 101-142.
page(s): 590, 593, 611 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Jaap WC, Lang JC. (2009). Scleractinia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. <em>In: Felder DL. Camp DK (eds.) Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.</em> Pp. 333–347. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD. (1998). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 18(4): 361-417. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1977). A checklist of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Gulf of Mexico, with the description of a new species. <em>Gulf Research Reports.</em> 6 (1): 9-15., available online at https://aquila.usm.edu/gcr/vol6/iss1/2/ [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1991). A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 504: 1-32, pls. 1-12. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Durham JW. (1947). Corals from the Gulf of California and the north Pacific Coast of America. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Society of America.</em> 20: 1-68.
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427.
page(s): 81, 422, 423 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 305, 307 [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Zabala, M.; Maluquer, P.; Harmelin, J.-G. (1993). Epibiotic bryozoans on deep-water scleractinian corals from the Catalonia Slope (western Mediterranean, Spain, France). <em>Scientia Marina.</em> 57: 65-78.
page(s): 65, 66, 67, 74 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168.
page(s): 111 [details]   

additional source Esper, E.J.C. (1791). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. <em>Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nurnberg.</em> 1: 1-320., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50843132
page(s): 289, 290, 317 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns, S. D.; Häussermann, V.; Försterra, G. (2005). A review of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Chile, with the description of two new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1018: 15-46., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1018.1.2
page(s): 16-17, 23 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Taviani, M. (2005). Remarkable sessile fauna associated with deep coral and other calcareous substrates in the Strait of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea. <i>in</i> Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds), Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 807-819.
page(s): 810, 811 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Rogers, A. D. (1999). The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. International Review of Hydrobiology, 84: 315-406
page(s): 322-324, 327, 333-335, 344, 347, 349 [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Keller NB, Os'kina NS. (2008). Habitat temperature ranges of azooxantellate scleractinian corals in the World Ocean. <em>Oceanology.</em> 48 (1): 77-84., available online at https://doi.org/10.1134/s0001437008010098 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C. (1980). Caribbean Shallow Water Corallimorpharia. Zoologische Verhandelingen, (176): 83 pp.
page(s): 67-68 [details]   

additional source Pires DE. (2007). The azooxanthellate coral fauna of Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81:265-272. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cordeiro RTS, Barbosa RV, Pires D Sumida PYG. (2020). Brazilian Deep-Sea Corals. In: Sumida PYG, Bernardino AF, De Léo FC (eds) Brazilian Deep-Sea Biodiversity. <em>Brazilian Marine Biodiversity. Volume 3. Springer, Cham.</em> pp. 73-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53222-2_4 [details]   

additional source Santodomingo, N.; Reyes, J.; Flórez, P.; Chacón-Gómez, I.C.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Hoeksema, B.W. (2012). Diversity and distribution of azooxanthellate corals in the Colombian Caribbean. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 43(1): 7-22., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-012-0131-6 [details]   

additional source Rossi L. (1957). Res ligusticae XCIX. Revisione critica dei Madreporarii del Mar Ligure. <em>Doriana.</em> 2 (76): 1-19, pls. 1-4.
page(s): 2, 3, 10, 11, 12-13 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD. (2021). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from New Caledonia. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 215:1-722. [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1974). Scleractiniares des Iles Saint Paul et Amsterdam (sud de L'Ocean Indien). Tethys, 5(4): 747-778
page(s): 747, 762-766, Pl. 2, fig. 3-5 [details]   

additional source den Hartog, J. C.; Ocaña, O.; Brito, A. (1993). Corallimorpharia collected during the CANCAP expeditions (1976-1986) in the south-eastern part of the North Atlantic. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 282, 3-76
page(s): 67 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1962). Die Anthozoenfauna der Adria / Fauna antozoa Jadrana. Fauna et Flora Adriatica, 3, 1-343
page(s): 232-233 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1955). Gli Antozoi del Golfo di Trieste. Atti del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Trieste, 20(6): 49-102
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Fosshagen, A.; HøisSter, T. (1992). The second Norwegian record of the deep-water coral, Desmophyllum cristagalli Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1848 (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Sarsia, 77, 291-292
page(s): 291, 292 [details]   

additional source Schröder-Ritzrau, A.; Freiwald, A.; Mangini, A. (2005). U/Th-dating of deep-water corals from the eastern North Atlantic and the western Mediterranean Sea. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 157-172
page(s): 160 [details]   

additional source Álvarez-Pérez, G.; Busquets, P.; De Mol, B.; Sandoval, N. G.; Canals, M.; Casamor, J. L. (2005). Deep-water coral occurrences in the Strait of Gibraltar. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 207-221
page(s): 207, 208, 209, 211, 212, 213, 215, 217 [details]   

additional source Schroeder, W. W.; Brooke, S.; Olson, J. B.; Phaneuf, B.; McDough III, J. J.; Etnoyer, P. (2005). Occurrence of deep-water Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata in the Gulf of Mexico. André Freiwald and J. Murray Roberts (eds.). Springer. Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 297-307
page(s): 297, 298, 299, 300, 302, 303, 304, 305 [details]   

additional source Rossi, L. (1961). Études sur le seuil Siculo -Tunisien. 6. Madréporaires. Campagne de la Calypso (août-septembre 1954). Annales de l'Institute Oceanographique, 5, 169-173
page(s): 36, 46 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1985). Scléractiniaires bathyaux et abyssaux de l'Atlantique nord-oriental: campagnes BIOGAS (POLGAS) et INCAL. L. Laubier and Cl. Monniot (eds.). IFREMER, chapter 18, pp. 311-324
page(s): 313-316, 318, 322, 323 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Grieshaber, A. (1977). Scléractinaires de l'Adriatique. Tethys, 7, 4, 375-384
page(s): 375, 377 [details]   

additional source Frederiksen, R.; Jensen, A., Westerberg, H. (1992). The distribution of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and the relation to internal tidal mixing. Sarsia, 77, 157-171
page(s): 160, 161 [details]   

additional source Best, M. B. (1970). Étude systématique et écologique des madréporaires de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer (Pyrénées-Orientales). Vie et Milieu, 20, A, 2, 293-325
page(s): 296, 297, 298-300, 319, 320 [details]   

additional source Tudhope, A. W.; Scoffin, T. P. (1995). Processes of sedimentation in Gollum Channel, Porcupine Seabight: submersible observations and sediment analyses. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 86, Earth Sciences, 49-55
page(s): 50-51 [details]   

additional source Mortensen, P. B.; Hovland, M.; Brattegard, T.; Farestveit, R. (1995). Deep water bioherms of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa (L.) at 64° N on the Norwegian shelf: structure and associated megafauna. Sarsia, 80, 145-158
page(s): 156 [details]   

additional source Wilson, J. B. (1979). The distribution of the coral Lophelia pertusa (L.) [L. prolifera (Pallas)] in the North-East Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 149-164
page(s): 151, 157 [details]   

additional source Squires, D. F. (1959). Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 1 Atlantic corals. American Museum Novitates, 1965, 1-42
page(s): 5, 6, 8, 22, 29 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Saldanha, L. (1976). Sclératiniaires récoltés en plongée au Portugal et dans les archipels de Madère et des Açores. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciencias Naturais, 16, 91-114
page(s): 95 [details]   

additional source Reed, J. K.; Pomponi, S. A.; Weaver, D. C.; Paull, C. K.; Wright, A. E. (2005). Deep-water sinkholes and bioherms of south Florida and the Pourtalès Terrace - habitat and fauna. Bulletin of Marine Science, 77(2): 267-296
page(s): 288 [details]   

additional source Fosså, J. H.; Mortensen, P. B.; Furevik, D. M. (2002). The deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa in Norwegian waters: distribution and fishery impacts. Hydrobiologia, 471, 1-12
page(s): 1, 7 [details]   

additional source Hall-Spencer, J.; Allain, V.; Fosså, J. H. (2002). Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 269, 507-511
page(s): 507, 509, 510 [details]   

additional source Smith FGW. (1954). Gulf of Mexico Madreporaria. <em>Fisheries Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service (U.S.).</em> 55, 291-295.
page(s): 294 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 96-97, 112 [details]   

additional source Reed, J. K.; Weaver, D. C.; Pomponi, S. A. (2006). Habitat and fauna of deep-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs off the southeastern U.S.: Blake Plateau, Straits of Florida, and Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 78, 2, 343-375
page(s): 344, 353, 363, 366, 368 [details]   

additional source Ramil Blanco, F.; Pulpeiro, E. F. (1990). Inventario de los antozoos de Galicia. A checklist of the Anthozoa from Galicia. Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 86(1-4): 17-30
page(s): 26 [details]   

redescription Cairns SD, Zibrowius H. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Zibrowius H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco.</em> 11: 1-284, pls. 1-117. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD. (1982). Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia. <em>Antarctic Research Series.</em> 34: 1-74. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1979). The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 57:1-341. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD. (1994). Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 557: 1-150. [details]   

ecology source Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Lectotype (of Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898)) USNM 888, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Amphihelia oculata (Linnaeus, 1758)) ZMAN [details]
Nontype (of Amphihelia oculata (Linnaeus, 1758)) ZMAN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Sclerohelia formosa (Alcock, 1898)) ZMAN, geounit East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Amphihelia tenuis (Moseley, 1880)) ZMAN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora kauaiensis Vaughan, 1907) USNM 60564, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) USNM 84781, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) USNM 84782, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) USNM 84783, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) USNM 84784, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) USNM 84785, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G15047, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16473, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16475, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16609, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16696, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype AM G16740, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype BMNH 1938.3.1.92, geounit Grenadian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype FLMNH 0,49513888889, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype FLMNH 0,54513888889, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype FLMNH 0,54652777778, geounit Guyanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IZUA CNI-0009, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Cuban Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Grenadian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Grenadian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Guadeloupean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MCZ, geounit Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MNHN, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MTQ G55752-55753, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMV F67142, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMV F67146, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMV F67792 [details]
Nontype NZOI, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype POLIPI, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype POLIPI, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype POLIPI, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype POLIPI, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype POLIPI, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22723, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22724, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22728, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22729, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22730, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 22731, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SIO, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SME, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SME, geounit High Seas [details]
Nontype TAMU, geounit Dutch Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype TAMU, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype TAMU, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM Coel. 5523, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM Coel. 6455, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 1008877, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 10528, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 10746, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 14496, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 15950, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 36377, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 36523, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45871-45886 [details]
Nontype USNM 45888, geounit Guyanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45889, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45890, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45891, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45892, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45893, geounit Surinamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45894, geounit Navassa Island [details]
Nontype USNM 45895, geounit Colombian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45896, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45897, geounit Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45898, geounit Surinamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45899, geounit Saint Kitts and Nevis Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45900, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45901, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45902, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45903, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 45904, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 60563, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 7056, geounit Venezuelan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 77210, geounit Madagascan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84786, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84787, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84788, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84789, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84790, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 84791, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96582, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96582, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96584, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96585, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96586, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96586, geounit Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96592, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96593, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96594, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96596, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96597, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96598, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96599, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96600, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96601, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96602, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96602, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96603, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96604, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96605, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96607, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96608, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96609, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96610, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96612, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96613, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96614, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96615, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96616, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96617, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96618, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96619, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96620, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96621, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96622, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96623, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96625, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96625, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96626, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96627, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96628, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96628, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96629, geounit Malaysian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96630, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96631, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96632, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96633, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96634, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM 96635, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM M235386, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Bahamas Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Jamaican Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 105-840, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 530-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 551-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 583-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 669-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 725-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 726-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 733-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 73-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 74-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 750-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 751-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 753-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 760-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 765-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 772-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 774-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 777-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 795-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 799-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 97810, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMUC, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMUC, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMUC, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMUC, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Paralectotype (of Madrepora formosa (Alcock, 1898)) USNM 292, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Oculina oculata (Linnaeus, 1758)) MRSN 222, geounit Montserrat Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Madrepora galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) MCZ, geounit Ecuadorean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type AUH AU12299, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type NMNZ CO256, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type NZOI [details]
Unknown type NZOI [details]
Unknown type NZOI, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type NZOI, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type NZOI, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type NZOI, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type ORI, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type RMNH 22726, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47497, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47498, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47499, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type USNM 47500, geounit Chilean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47501, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47502, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47503, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47504, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47514, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 47665, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 83581, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type USNM 88376, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 92454, geounit United States Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 92658, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 93987, geounit New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type USNM 93988, geounit High Seas [details]
Unknown type USNM 93989, geounit High Seas [details]
From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 55-1950 m [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat shelf to slope [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English white coralocular coral  [details]
German Weiße KoralleAugenkoralle  [details]
Madrepora oculata, 750 m Roatan, Honduras.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA DeepCAST I Expedition. Identification by P. Etnoyer.
 

Madrepora oculata, 823 m St. Augustine Pinnacle, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Madrepora oculata (1) 47499)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Madrepora oculata 47499)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]