WoRMS taxon details

Stylophora pistillata (Esper, 1792)

206982  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206982)

accepted
Species
Acropora digitata (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Anthopora cucullata Gray, 1835 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora (Porites) pistillata (Esper, 1792) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Madrepora digitata Pallas, 1766 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora pistillaris Esper, 1797 · unaccepted (synonym)
Madrepora pistillata Esper, 1792 · unaccepted (basionym, changed combination)
Millepora cellulata Forsskål, 1775 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pocillopora andreossyi Audouin, 1826 · unaccepted (synonym)
Porites digitata (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Porites elongata Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Porites pistillata (Esper, 1792) · unaccepted (previous combination)
Porites scabra Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Porites subdigitata Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonym)
Sideropora digitata (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Sideropora digitata de Blainville, 1830 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Sideropora digitata var. coalescens Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Sideropora elongata (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Sideropora mordax Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Sideropora palmata Blainville, 1830 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Sideropora pistillata (Esper, 1792) · unaccepted (previous combination)
Stylophora cellulosa Quelch, 1886 · unaccepted (synonym)
Stylophora dendritica Nemenzo, 1964 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Stylophora digitata de Blainville, 1830 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Stylophora digitata (Pallas, 1766) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Stylophora digitata var. coalescens Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Stylophora elongata (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Stylophora expanda Nemenzo, 1964 · unaccepted (Synonymy)
Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Stylophora nana Nemenzo, 1964 · unaccepted (Synonymy)
Stylophora pistillaris (Esper, 1797) · unaccepted (synonym)
Stylophora prostrata Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted (synonym)
Stylophora septata Gardiner, 1898 · unaccepted (synonym)
Stylophora stellata Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora pistillata Esper, 1792) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   
Holotype  (of Madrepora pistillata Esper, 1792)   
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses...  
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses of the reef, branching then tends to become prostrate and branches become flattened in cross-section. On steep slopes, branches may even tend to fan downwards in a manner which ensures greatest light capture, and in these cases, usually seen below 40 m deep and in crevices, colonies may develop a layered branching structure, and even develop platy extensions formed by strongly anastomosed branches. Calices of all ecomorphs are 0.5 to 1.5 mm diameter, arranged not in straight rows but scattered irregularly and usually closely. Calices are usually hooded by a projection of coenosteum on the side of calice towards the branch tip, though in many cases there may be a continuous raised rim around each corallite instead, while in others there may be no raised projections at all. All features may be found on a single corallum. Corallites have 6 primary septa and a small columella. Sheltered colonies have slender branches, and in deep or dim conditions, colonies commonly form layers of horizontal branches which may anastomose or even fuse into plate-like extensions. This ramose species is found in an enormous range of habitats, from the most exposed, shallow reef crest situations to at least 50 m deep, and is also found in extreme conditions of turbidity such as on mangrove roots. In all regions, it may be heavily dominant in localised, usually shallow areas of exposed reef slopes (Sheppard, 1998); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Colonies are branching with blunt-ended branches becoming thick and submassive. Corallites are immersed, conical or hooded. They have a solid style-like columella, six primary septa, which may be short or fused with the columella, and sometimes six short secondary septa. The coenosteum is covered by fine spinules. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: Uniform cream, pink, blue or green (Veron, 1986).
Extremely variable growth form. Ends of branches blunt and often slightly club-shaped; corallites 0.5-1.5 mm across with conspicuous hoods. Colour cream, pale yellow or green. Habitat: exposed reef fronts and tidal areas (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Stylophora pistillata (Esper, 1792). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206982 on 2022-07-01
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 17:25:12Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed
2021-04-11 10:46:47Z
changed
2022-05-10 10:52:12Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Stylophora septata Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner, J.S. (1898). On the turbinolid and oculinid corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. <em>Proceedings Zoological Society of London.</em> 1898: 994-1000, pl. 62. [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora cellulosa Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pistillaris Esper, 1797) Esper, E.J.C. (1797). Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls XXXII-LXI., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.118730 [details]   

original description  (of Porites subdigitata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Sideropora mordax Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora stellata Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora sinaitica Brüggemann, 1877) Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls. [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora prostrata Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Pocillopora andreossyi Audouin, 1826) Audouin, J. V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches de polypes de l'Egypte et de la Syrie, publiees par Jules-Cesar Savigny. <em>In: Audouin, J. V. (editor) Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française ... Histoire naturelle, (Imprimerie Impériale, Paris).</em> 1(4): 225-244., available online at https://books.google.be/books?id=oU2CuZ_FuKwC&dq=Explication%20sommaire%20des%20planches%20de%20polypes%20de%20l'Egypte%20et%20de%20la%20Syrie%2C%20publiees%20par%20Jules-Cesar%20Savigny.&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q=Audouin,%20J.%20V.&f=false [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Stylophora dendritica Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora nana Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora expanda Nemenzo, 1964) Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora digitata Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>[book].</em> pp. 451, Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6019361 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Porites elongata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Sideropora palmata Blainville, 1830) de Blainville, H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utlité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. <em>Paris, 1830.</em> 60 : 1-546., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25318344 [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora digitata de Blainville, 1830) de Blainville, H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utlité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. <em>Paris, 1830.</em> 60 : 1-546., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25318344 [details]   

original description  (of Sideropora digitata de Blainville, 1830) de Blainville, H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utlité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. <em>Paris, 1830.</em> 60 : 1-546., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25318344 [details]   

original description  (of Anthopora cucullata Gray, 1835) Gray JE. (1835). Characters of two new genera of corals, <i>Errina</i> and <i>Anthophora</i>. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1835: 85-86. [details]   

original description  (of Millepora cellulata Forsskål, 1775) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forskål is also correct]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]   

original description  (of Porites scabra Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Porites digitata var. spathulata Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Stylophora pistillata f. elongata Umbgrove, 1929 †) Umbgrove JHF. (1929). Anthozoa van N.O. Borneo. <em>Wetenschappelijke Mededeelingen van den Dienst van den Mijnbouw in Nederlandsch-Indië.</em> 9: 47-87, pls. 1-5. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pistillata Esper, 1792) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Sideropora digitata var. coalescens Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 516 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 1: 1-86. [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 55 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 37 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 84 [details]   

additional source Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1955). Recent and subfossil corals of Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Geology.</em> 4 (10): 1-18, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 5, 8 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1940). Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 265-310.
page(s): 270, 274 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 14, 17, 20, 23 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 15 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 385, 387, 392 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls.
page(s): 397 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1850) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 5. Monographie des oculinides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 13: 63-110, pls. 3-4., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13434560
page(s): 102-103 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 90, 99 [details]   

additional source Bassett-Smith, P.W. (1890). Report on the corals from Tizard and Macclesfield Banks, China Sea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History,.</em> 6(35): 353-374, 443-458, pls. 12-14., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/00222939008694050
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additional source Ortmann, A. (1888). Studien über Systematik und geographische Verbreitung der Steinkorallen. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 3: 143-188, pl. 6.
page(s): 162 [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1964). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: V. Suborder Astrocoeniida (Part. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 18: 193-223.
page(s): 194, 204, Plate 4 Fig 1 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Bedot M (1907) Madreporaires d'Amboine. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 15: 143-292, pls. 5-50.
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additional source Gravier C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). <em>Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco.</em> 2 (3): 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   

additional source Fenner, D.P. (1993). Species distinctions among several Caribbean stony corals. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 53, 1099-1116.
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additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
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additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
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additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
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additional source Utinomi, H. (1965). A revised catalogue of scleractinian corals from the southwest coast of Shikoku in the collections of the Ehime University and the Ehime Prefectural Museum, Matsuyama. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 13(3): 243-261., available online at https://doi.org/10.5134/175404
page(s): 245 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
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additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 58-59 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1892). Die Korallriffe von Dar-es-Salaam und Umgegend. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik.</em> 6: 631-670., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10195227
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additional source Maier, E.; Tollrian, R.; Rinkevich, B.; Nürnberger, B. (2005). Isolation by distance in the scleractinian coral Seriatopora hystrix from the Red Sea. Marine Biology, 147, 1109-1120
page(s): 1110 [details]   

additional source Holbrook, S. J.; Schmitt, R. J. (2005). Growth, reproduction and survival of a tropical sea anemone (Actiniaria): benefits of hosting anemonefish. Coral Reefs, 24(90): 67-73
page(s): 72 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 390, 411 [details]   

additional source Pillai, C. S. G. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 25, 1-2, 78-90
page(s): 83 [details]   

additional source Shenkar, N.; Fine, M.; Loya, Y. (2005). Size matters: bleaching dynamics of the coral Oculina patagonica. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 294, 181-188
page(s): 186 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C.; Sheppard, A. L. S. (1985). The central Red Sea at Yanbu al Sinaiyah. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 17-36
page(s): 29, 31 [details]   

additional source Kuguru, B. L.; Winters, G.; Beers, S.; Santos, S. R.; Chadwick, N. E. (2007). Adaptation strategies of the corallimorpharian Rhodactis rhodostoma to irradiance and temperature. Marine Biology, 151, 1287-1298
page(s): 1293, 1294 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 82 [details]   

additional source Grigg, R. W. (1981). Acropora in Hawaii. Part 2. Zoogeography. Pacific Science, 35(1): 15-24
page(s): 19 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y.; Achituv, Y.; Berner, T. (1988). Embryogenesis and acquisition of algal symbionts by planulae of Xenia umbellata (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). Marine Biology, 100, 93-101
page(s): 100 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 47, 48, 49, 61, 66, 68, 112 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 7 [details]   

additional source Fan, T. Y.; Lin, K. H.; Kuo, F. W.; Soong, K.; Liu, L. L.; Fang, L. S. (2006). Diel patterns of larval release by five brooding scleractinian corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 321, 133-142
page(s): 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140 [details]   

new combination reference Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12403706 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Holotype (of Madrepora pistillata Esper, 1792)  [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) HLD X2: 146-12, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) HLD X2: 151-15, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) HLD X2: 156-12, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 40269, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 40281, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 47395, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48692, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48699, geounit Northern Mariana Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48705, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48785, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48786, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48787, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 49579, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 49725, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 50733, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 51046, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 53004, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 53058, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 53222, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 56675, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora mordax (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 58064, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora digitata (Pallas, 1766)) BMNH [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora digitata (Pallas, 1766)) BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora prostrata Klunzinger, 1879) BMNH, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Stylophora prostrata Klunzinger, 1879) BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 38889, geounit Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 39260, geounit Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40164, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40165, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40166, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40167, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40232, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40267, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40399, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40914, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40916, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 45127, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 47198, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48274, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48633, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48654, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56677, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-367 [details]
Nontype MSI C-68, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-70, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-715 [details]
Nontype MSI C-743, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-744, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-868, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8550, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8551, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8552, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR I/506/E3 [details]
Nontype WAM 124-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 177-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 178-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 179-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 180-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 190-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 27-59 [details]
Nontype WAM 27-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 380-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 380-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 398-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 409-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 410-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 498-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 537-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 538-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 539-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 541-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 553-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 557-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 566-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 581-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 666-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 68-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 708-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 76-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 86-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Paratype (of Stylophora nana Nemenzo, 1964) MSI C-1024 [details]
Paratype (of Stylophora nana Nemenzo, 1964) MSI C-1025 [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Branches are stoutest in shallow water, and become finer with increasing depth. Below 30 metres, and in darkened recesses of the reef, branching then tends to become prostrate and branches become flattened in cross-section. On steep slopes, branches may even tend to fan downwards in a manner which ensures greatest light capture, and in these cases, usually seen below 40 m deep and in crevices, colonies may develop a layered branching structure, and even develop platy extensions formed by strongly anastomosed branches. Calices of all ecomorphs are 0.5 to 1.5 mm diameter, arranged not in straight rows but scattered irregularly and usually closely. Calices are usually hooded by a projection of coenosteum on the side of calice towards the branch tip, though in many cases there may be a continuous raised rim around each corallite instead, while in others there may be no raised projections at all. All features may be found on a single corallum. Corallites have 6 primary septa and a small columella. Sheltered colonies have slender branches, and in deep or dim conditions, colonies commonly form layers of horizontal branches which may anastomose or even fuse into plate-like extensions. This ramose species is found in an enormous range of habitats, from the most exposed, shallow reef crest situations to at least 50 m deep, and is also found in extreme conditions of turbidity such as on mangrove roots. In all regions, it may be heavily dominant in localised, usually shallow areas of exposed reef slopes (Sheppard, 1998); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Colonies are branching with blunt-ended branches becoming thick and submassive. Corallites are immersed, conical or hooded. They have a solid style-like columella, six primary septa, which may be short or fused with the columella, and sometimes six short secondary septa. The coenosteum is covered by fine spinules. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: Uniform cream, pink, blue or green (Veron, 1986).
Extremely variable growth form. Ends of branches blunt and often slightly club-shaped; corallites 0.5-1.5 mm across with conspicuous hoods. Colour cream, pale yellow or green. Habitat: exposed reef fronts and tidal areas (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Remark in family 'Seriatoporidae' in Kalk (1958).
New combination in Sheppard (1998).
Type locality: "East Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English pistillate coralhood coral  [details]
German Griffelkoralle  [details]
Japanese ヤスリショウガサンゴ [from synonym]ショウガサンゴ[ヤスリショウガサンゴ]  [details]
To Digital Atlas Of Marine Species & Locations, DAMSL (Hard coral)
To Digital Atlas Of...
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To Digital Atlas Of Marine Species & Locations, DAMSL (Hard Coral)
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To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE344wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE344wholeupper)
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[hosted externally; from synonym]