WoRMS taxon details

Pholadinae Lamarck, 1809

246144  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:246144)

accepted
Subfamily
Genus Barnea Risso, 1826
  » Species Barnea alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915)
  » Species Barnea australasiae (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Barnea birmanica (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Barnea davidi (Deshayes, 1874)
  » Species Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
  » Species Barnea fragilis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Barnea ghanaensis M. Huber, 2018
  » Species Barnea japonica (Yokoyama, 1920)
  » Species Barnea lamellosa (d'Orbigny, 1841)
  » Species Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Barnea obturamentum (Hedley, 1893)
  » Species Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Barnea pseudotruncata Nolf & Verstraeten, 2022
  » Species Barnea similis (Gray, 1835)
  » Species Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834)
  » Species Barnea truncata (Say, 1822)
  » Species Barnea costata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cyrtopleura costata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Barnea durbanensis van Hoepen, 1941 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Barnea elongata Tchang, Tsi & Li, 1960 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Barnea labordei Jousseaume in Lamy, 1923 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Barnea pacifica Stearns, 1871 accepted as Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834)
  » Species Barnea spica Jousseaume in Lamy, 1923 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Barnea spinosa Risso, 1826 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Barnea beccarii Tapparone Canefri, 1875 (uncertain, status in recent literature not researched by editor)
Genus Cyrtopleura Tryon, 1862
Genus Nipponopholas Okamoto & Habe, 1987
Genus Pholas Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas bissauensis Cosel & Haga, 2018
  » Species Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
  » Species Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
  » Species Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas orientalis Gmelin, 1791
  » Species Pholas acuminata G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Parapholas acuminata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas alfredensis Bartsch, 1915 accepted as Barnea alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas antipodum Philippi, 1847 accepted as Barnea similis (Gray, 1835)
  » Species Pholas atomus Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas australasiae G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea australasiae (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas bakeri Woodward, 1854 accepted as Barnea birmanica (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Pholas beauiana Récluz, 1853 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas bifrons da Costa, 1778 accepted as Zirfaea crispata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas birmanica Philippi, 1849 accepted as Barnea birmanica (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Pholas branchiata Gould, 1845 accepted as Parapholas branchiata (Gould, 1845)
  » Species Pholas californica Conrad, 1837 accepted as Parapholas californica (Conrad, 1837)
  » Species Pholas callosa Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas callosa Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Pholas calva G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Parapholas calva (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas candeana d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
  » Species Pholas candidus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas caribaea d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (junior synonym)
  » Species Pholas clausus Hanley, 1842 accepted as Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas clavata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas concamerata Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Penitella penita (Conrad, 1837)
  » Species Pholas conoides J. Parsons, 1766 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas constricta G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Penitella gabbii (Tryon, 1863)
  » Species Pholas corticaria G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas costatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cyrtopleura costata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas costulata Goodall, 1890 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas crenulatus Spengler, 1792 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas crispata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Zirfaea crispata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas crucifera auct. accepted as Cyrtopleura crucigera (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (misspelling)
  » Species Pholas cruciger G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Cyrtopleura crucigera (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas cuneiformis Say, 1822 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas cupula Yokoyama, 1924 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas curta G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Diplothyra curta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas dactylina Locard, 1886 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas dactyloides Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas darwinii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Netastoma darwinii (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas davidi Deshayes, 1874 accepted as Barnea davidi (Deshayes, 1874)
  » Species Pholas decussata Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas dilatata Souleyet, 1843 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
  » Species Pholas dilecta Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
  » Species Pholas duboisi Locard, 1891 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas edwardsi Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas edwardsii Gray Tryon, 1862 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)
  » Species Pholas explanata Spengler, 1792 accepted as Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas faba Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Rocellaria dubia (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas falcata Wood, 1815 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas falcata G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (invalid: junior homonym of Pholas falcata W. Wood, 1815)
  » Species Pholas fragilis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea fragilis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas fragilis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849, sensu Smith, 1904 accepted as Barnea alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915) (misapplication)
  » Species Pholas gibbosa d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Xylophaga globosa G. B. Sowerby I, 1835
  » Species Pholas globulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1835 accepted as Jouannetia globulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1835)
  » Species Pholas goodall Blainville, 1826 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
  » Species Pholas grayana G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Diplothyra curta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834)
  » Species Pholas hians [Lightfoot], 1786 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas hians Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Lamychaena hians (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas hornbeckii d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas incei G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Pholas incii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 (Error or emendation of Pholas incii)
  » Species Pholas incii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas janellii Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Parapholas californica (Conrad, 1837)
  » Species Pholas jordani van Hoepen, 1941 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas krebsi Krebs, 1864 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)
  » Species Pholas lamellata W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
  » Species Pholas lamellosa d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Barnea lamellosa (d'Orbigny, 1841)
  » Species Pholas lanceolata d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Cyrtopleura lanceolata (d'Orbigny, 1841)
  » Species Pholas laqueata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
  » Species Pholas latissima G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
  » Species Pholas ligamentina Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas ligniperda G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Martesia multistriata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas lignorum Spengler, 1779 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas macrostoma Philippi, 1858 accepted as Netastoma darwinii (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas manilensis Philippi, 1847 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Pholas manillae G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
  » Species Pholas marmoratus Perry, 1811 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas melanura G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Pholadidea melanura (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas multistriata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Martesia multistriata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas muricata da Costa, 1778 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Pholas muricatus da Costa, 1778 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas mytiloides Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Pholas nanus Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas oblongata Say, 1822 accepted as Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
  » Species Pholas obtecta G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Aspidopholas tubigera (Valenciennes, 1846)
  » Species Pholas obturamentum Hedley, 1893 accepted as Barnea obturamentum (Hedley, 1893)
  » Species Pholas ovata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Aspidopholas ovum (W. Wood, 1828)
  » Species Pholas ovoidea Gould, 1851 accepted as Chaceia ovoidea (Gould, 1851)
  » Species Pholas ovum W. Wood, 1828 accepted as Aspidopholas ovum (W. Wood, 1828)
  » Species Pholas pacifica Stearns, 1871 accepted as Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (junior synonym)
  » Species Pholas papyracea W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
  » Species Pholas papyraceus Spengler, 1792 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas papyraceus [Lightfoot], 1786 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
  » Species Pholas parva Pennant, 1777 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Pholas patula Gould, 1850 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
  » Species Pholas penita Conrad, 1837 accepted as Penitella penita (Conrad, 1837) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas piriformis Dunker, 1882 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas pusillus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas quadra G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Pholadidea quadra (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
  » Species Pholas quadrizonalis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas quadrizonata Spengler, 1792 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Pholas retifer Mörch, 1861 accepted as Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
  » Species Pholas rivicola G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Lignopholas rivicola (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
  » Species Pholas rosea C. B. Adams, 1850 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pholas rostratum Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Netastoma rostratum (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas rudis Gray Tryon, 1862 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas semicostata H. C. Lea, 1844 accepted as Scyphomya semicostata (Dall, 1898) (unaccepted, basionym)
  » Species Pholas siamensis Spengler, 1792 accepted as Pholas orientalis Gmelin, 1791 (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas silicula Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas similis Gray, 1835 accepted as Barnea similis (Gray, 1835) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Species Pholas spathulata Deshayes, 1843 accepted as Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas spathulata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Pholadidea suteri Lamy, 1926 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
  » Species Pholas striata Blainville, 1825 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819 (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas striatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Species Pholas subconstricta Yokoyama, 1924 accepted as Penitella gabbii (Tryon, 1863) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas subtruncata G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Species Pholas sulcata T. Brown, 1827 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819 (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas suteri Lamy, 1926 accepted as Pholadidea suteri Lamy, 1926 (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas tenuistriata Blainville, 1826 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas teredinaeformis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas teredo O. F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Teredo navalis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Species Pholas truncata Say, 1822 accepted as Barnea truncata (Say, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Species Pholas tuberculata W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas tubifera G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Pholadidea tubifera (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (unaccepted, original combination)
  » Species Pholas ventricosa Anton, 1838 accepted as Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas vibonensis Philippi, 1844 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819 (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas xilophaga Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Xylophaga dorsalis (W. Turton, 1819) (unaccepted)
  » Species Pholas xylophaga Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Xylophaga dorsalis (W. Turton, 1819) (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Species Pholas brevis G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  » Species Pholas cordata Gmelin, 1791 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Pholas cornea G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  » Species Pholas erythraea G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, use in recent liteature currently undocumented)
Genus Talona Gray, 1842
  » Species Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792)
  » Species Talona tridens Gray, 1843 accepted as Pholadidea tridens (Gray, 1843) (original combination)
Genus Zirfaea Gray, 1842

Genus Hypogaea Poli, 1791 accepted as Pholas Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Hypogaea barbata Poli, 1795 accepted as Hiatella arctica (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  » Species Hypogaea verrucosa Poli, 1795 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Genus Leuconyx H. Adams & A. Adams, 1863 accepted as Cyrtopleura Tryon, 1862 (name rejected by Turner (1969) as a forgotten name (nomen oblitum) because it was not used as a valid name for 50 years [ICZN 2nd ed, Article 23b])
Genus Zirphaea auct. accepted as Zirfaea Gray, 1842 (Incorrect subsequent spelling.)
  » Species Zirphaea gabbii Tryon, 1863 accepted as Zirfaea gabbii Tryon, 1863 (incorrect spelling of genus name)
  » Species Zirphaea julan H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
marine
Not documented
taxonomy Subfamily level not generally used  
taxonomy Subfamily level not generally used [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2022). MolluscaBase. Pholadinae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=246144 on 2022-08-12
Date
action
by
2007-09-10 09:13:40Z
created
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


additional source Bieler, R.; Carter, J. G.; Coan, E. V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
taxonomy Subfamily level not generally used [details]