WoRMS taxon details

Gorgonia Linnaeus, 1758

267453  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:267453)

accepted
Genus
Gorgonia flabellum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Gorgonia clathrus Pallas, 1766
Species Gorgonia coarctata (Valenciennes, 1855)
Species Gorgonia flabellum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Gorgonia flavescens Kükenthal, 1924
Species Gorgonia gracilis Verrill, 1868
Species Gorgonia mariae Bayer, 1961
Species Gorgonia reticulum Pallas, 1766
Species Gorgonia ventalina Linnaeus, 1758
Species Gorgonia venusta Dana, 1846

Species Gorgonia petechizans Pallas, 1766 (nomen dubium)
Species Gorgonia richardii Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Lignella richardii (Lamouroux, 1816) (nomen dubium, original combination)

Species Gorgonia crinita Valenciennes, 1855 (nomen nudum)
Species Gorgonia occatoria (Valenciennes, 1855) (nomen nudum)
Species Gorgonia punicea Valenciennes, 1855 (nomen nudum)
Species Gorgonia ramulus Valenciennes, 1855 (nomen nudum)
Species Gorgonia subtilis Valenciennes, 1855 (nomen nudum)
Species Gorgonia venosa Valenciennes, 1855 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Gorgonia (Eugorgia) Verrill, 1868 accepted as Eugorgia Verrill, 1868 (changed combination)
Subgenus Gorgonia (Litigorgia) Verrill, 1868 accepted as Litigorgia Verrill, 1868 accepted as Leptogorgia Milne Edwards, 1857 (changed combination)
Subgenus Gorgonia (Pterogorgia) Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Gorgonia Linnaeus, 1758 (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia abies Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cupressopathes abies (Linnaeus, 1758) (basionym, changed combination)
Species Gorgonia abietina Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Leptogorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia acerosa Pallas, 1766 accepted as Antillogorgia acerosa (Pallas, 1766) (basionym, original combination)
Species Gorgonia adamsii Verrill, 1868 accepted as Pacifigorgia adamsii (Verrill, 1868) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia agassizii (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Pacifigorgia agassizii (Verrill, 1864) (changed combination, incorrect date of authority)
Species Gorgonia albicans Kölliker, 1865 accepted as Eunicella albicans (Kölliker, 1865) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia americana Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Antillogorgia americana (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia ampla (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Eugorgia ampla (Verrill, 1864) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia anceps Pallas, 1766 accepted as Pterogorgia anceps (Pallas, 1766) (basionym, original combination)
Species Gorgonia antipathes Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Rumphella antipathes (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia arenata Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Pacifigorgia arenata (Valenciennes, 1846) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia aurantiaca (Horn, 1861) accepted as Eugorgia aurantiaca (Horn, 1861) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia bertolonii Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Eunicella singularis (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia bianci von Koch, 1882 accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia blancoana Barreiro, 1917 accepted as Eunicella cavolini (Koch, 1887) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia briareus Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Briareum asbestinum (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia calyculata Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Eunicea calyculata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia capensis Hickson, 1900 accepted as Leptogorgia capensis (Hickson, 1900) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia cavolini Koch, 1887 accepted as Eunicella cavolini (Koch, 1887) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia ceratophyta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Ctenocella ceratophyta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Ellisella ceratophyta (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia cerea Esper, 1797 accepted as Echinogorgia cerea (Esper, 1797) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia citrina Esper, 1792 accepted as Pterogorgia citrina (Esper, 1792) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia coralloides Pallas, 1766 accepted as Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia crassa Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Pseudoplexaura flagellosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia crevauxi Stiasny, 1951 accepted as Pacifigorgia elegans (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia cribrum Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Pacifigorgia cribrum (Valenciennes, 1846) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia darwinii Hickson, 1928 accepted as Pacifigorgia darwinii (Hickson, 1928) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia dichotoma Esper, 1791 accepted as Plexaurella dichotoma (Esper, 1791) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia dilatata Esper, 1806 accepted as Phyllogorgia dilatata (Esper, 1806) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia douglasii Hickson, 1928 accepted as Pacifigorgia douglasii (Hickson, 1928) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia edwardsii Rochebrune, 1882 accepted as Eunicella papillifera (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia elongata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Ellisella elongata (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia engelmanni (Horn, 1861) accepted as Pacifigorgia engelmanni (Horn, 1861) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia eximia (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Pacifigorgia eximia (Verrill, 1868) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia exserta Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Swiftia exserta (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia flagellosa Houttuyn, 1772 accepted as Pseudoplexaura flagellosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia flammea Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia flavida Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Muriceopsis flavida (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia flexuosa Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Verrucella flexuosa (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia florida Rathke, 1806 accepted as Duva florida (Rathke, 1806) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia fucata Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Phycogorgia fucata (Valenciennes, 1846) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia fucosa Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Psammogorgia fucosa (Valenciennes, 1846) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia furcata Studer, 1878 accepted as Eunicella gazella Studer, 1901 (Junior homonym of Gorgonia furcata Lamarck, 1816)
Species Gorgonia furfuracea Esper, 1797 accepted as Echinogorgia furfuracea (Esper, 1797) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia fuscopunctata W. Koch, 1886 accepted as Leptogorgia fuscopunctata (W. Koch, 1886) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia gracilis Kükenthal, 1924 accepted as Pacifigorgia gracilis (Kükenthal, 1924) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia graminea Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicella singularis (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia granifera Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Echinogorgia granifera (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia granulata Esper, 1791 accepted as Umbracella granulata (Esper, 1791) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia guadalupensis (Duchassaing & Michelin, 1846) accepted as Pterogorgia guadalupensis Duchassaing & Michelin, 1846 (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia hartti Verrill, 1912 accepted as Pacifigorgia elegans (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia heteropora Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicea heteropora (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia homomalla Esper, 1794 accepted as Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794) (basionym, new combination)
Species Gorgonia humosa Esper, 1794 accepted as Plexaura homomalla (Esper, 1794) (synonymy)
Species Gorgonia juncea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Junceella juncea (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia laxa Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Pterogorgia laxa (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia laxispica Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicea laxispica (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia lepadifera Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Primnoa resedaeformis (Gunnerus, 1763) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia leucostoma Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Pterogorgia leucostoma (Ehrenberg, 1834) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia lima Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Muricea muricata (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia madrepora Dana, 1846 accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (synonym)
Species Gorgonia mammosa (Lamouroux, 1816) accepted as Eunicea mammosa Lamouroux, 1816 (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia media (Verrill, 1864) accepted as Pacifigorgia media (Verrill, 1864) (changed combination)
Species Gorgonia miniata Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia miniata (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia mollis Pallas, 1766 accepted as Eunicea mollis (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia moniliformis Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Ellisella moniliformis (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia multicauda Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicea multicauda (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia muricata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Muricea muricata (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia myura Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Myura simplex Gray, 1859 (synonym)
Species Gorgonia ochrastoma Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Pterogorgia ochrostoma (Ehrenberg, 1834) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia oppositipinna Ridley, 1888 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia oppositipinna (Ridley, 1888) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia ornata Pfeffer, 1887 accepted as Leptogorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia palma Pallas, 1766 accepted as Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia palma Esper, 1791 accepted as Leptogorgia palma (Pallas, 1766) (incorrect authority)
Species Gorgonia papillifera Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Eunicella papillifera (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia papillosa Esper, 1797 accepted as Eunicella microthela (Lamouroux, 1816) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia patula Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Subergorgia patula (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia pectinata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Ctenocella pectinata (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia penna Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Plumarella penna (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia petezichans Pallas, 1766 accepted as Gorgonia petechizans Pallas, 1766 (lapsus calami)
Species Gorgonia pinnata Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Leptogorgia pinnata (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia placomus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Paramuricea placomus (Linnaeus, 1758) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia plantaginea Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicea plantaginea (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia plantaginea Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Muricea plantaginea (Valenciennes, 1846) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia porosa Houttuyn, 1772 accepted as Pseudoplexaura porosa (Houttuyn, 1772) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia pseudoantipathes Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Eunicea pseudoantipathes (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia pumicea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1957 accepted as Gorgonia punicea Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia punicea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (error of transcription)
Species Gorgonia punicea Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia punicea (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia purpurea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Leptogorgia purpurea (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia radula Möbius, 1861 accepted as Leptogorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Filigorgia sanguinolenta (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia ramulus Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Leptogorgia ramulus (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia reseda Pallas, 1766 accepted as Primnoa resedaeformis (Gunnerus, 1763) (Synonym)
Species Gorgonia reticulata Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Annella reticulata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (original combination)
Species Gorgonia rhizomorpha Lamouroux, 1816 accepted as Leptogorgia sarmentosa (Esper, 1791) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia rosea Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Leptogorgia viminalis (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Gorgonia ruberrima W. Koch, 1886 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia rutila (Verrill, 1868) (unaccepted, changed combination)
Species Gorgonia sanguinea Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia sanguinolenta Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia sarmentosa Esper, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia sasappo Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia savaglia Bertoloni, 1819 (unaccepted, basionym, changed combination)
Species Gorgonia scirpea Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia setacea Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia setosa Esper, 1791 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia spiralis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, basionym, changed combination)
Species Gorgonia stenobrochis Valenciennes, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia stricta Bertoloni, 1810 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia suberosa Ellis & Solander, 1786 (unaccepted, Junior homonym of Gorgonia suberosa Pallas, 1766)
Species Gorgonia suberosa Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia subtilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia succinea Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia suffruticosa Dana, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia sulcifera Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia sulphurea Donovan, 1825 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia tabogae Hickson, 1928 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia tenuis Bielschowsky, 1918 (unaccepted, junior homonym of Gorgonia tenuis (Verrill, 1869))
Species Gorgonia tenuis (Verrill, 1869) (unaccepted, changed combination)
Species Gorgonia trichostemma Dana, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia tuberculata Esper, 1792 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia umbella Esper, 1798 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia umbracula Ellis & Solander, 1786 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia umbratica Esper, 1791 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia varians W. Koch, 1886 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia vatricosa Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia vermiculata Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia verriculata Esper, 1794 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia verriculata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (unaccepted, typographical error?)
Species Gorgonia verrucosa Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia verticillata Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia villarii Barreiro, 1917 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Gorgonia viminalis Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia violacea Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Gorgonia virgulata Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, original combination)

Species Gorgonia amaranthoides Lamarck, 1815
Species Gorgonia anguiculus Dana, 1846
Species Gorgonia apiculata (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Gorgonia arida Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Species Gorgonia braziliensis Verrill, 1912
Species Gorgonia cancellata Dana, 1846
Species Gorgonia clavaria (Lamouroux, 1816)
Species Gorgonia discolor Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Species Gorgonia dubia Thomson & Russell, 1909
Species Gorgonia elegans (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
Species Gorgonia furcata Lamarck, 1815
Species Gorgonia fuscopurpurea Ehrenberg, 1834
Species Gorgonia galliardi Duchassaing, 1850
Species Gorgonia humilis Dana, 1846
Species Gorgonia miniacea Esper, 1791
Species Gorgonia nivea (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Gorgonia nodulifera Lamarck, 1815
Species Gorgonia oblita Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
Species Gorgonia olivacea (Lamouroux, 1816)
Species Gorgonia olivieri Lamouroux, 1816
Species Gorgonia paradoxa Esper, 1797
Species Gorgonia pretiosa Ellis & Solander, 1786
Species Gorgonia profunda Koch, 1877
Species Gorgonia pulchra (Verrill, 1869)
Species Gorgonia pustulosa Lamouroux, 1816
Species Gorgonia quercifolia Ehrenberg, 1834
Species Gorgonia quincuncialis (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Gorgonia radicata Pallas, 1766
Species Gorgonia retellum Lamarck, 1816
Species Gorgonia rissoana Delle Chiaji, 1841
Species Gorgonia spicifera Dana, 1846
Species Gorgonia stricta Lamarck, 1816
Species Gorgonia tamarix (Ehrenberg, 1834)
Species Gorgonia ventilabrum Pallas, 1766
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
feminine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 800 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Cordeiro, R.; McFadden, C.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2021). World List of Octocorallia. Gorgonia Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=267453 on 2021-09-24
Date
action
by
2008-01-14 11:18:07Z
created
2010-09-15 12:49:54Z
changed
2019-07-12 08:10:17Z
changed
2020-02-13 11:49:53Z
changed
2021-06-19 21:34:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 800 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Rhipidigorgia Valenciennes, 1855) Valenciennes, A. (1855). Extrait d'une monographie de la famille des Gorgonidees de la classe des polypes. <em>C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris.</em> 41:7-15., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1213186
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (of Rhizalcyon Bayer, 1995) Bayer, F. M. (1995). A new genus of alcyonacean coral (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from Caribbean waters. <em>Bulletin of marine science.</em> 56(2): 620-624. [details]   

original description  (of Busella Gray, 1870) Gray, J.E. (1870). Notes on some new genera and species of alcyonoid corals in the British Museum. <em>The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology.</em> (4) 5: 405-408., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16355608
page(s): 405 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
LanguageName 
English sea fans  [details]
German SeefächerFächerkorallen  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 1191368 Gorgonia sp. 2)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 1191368 Gorgonia sp.)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 091305)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]