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Ascidiacea taxon details

Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848

103775  (

marine, fresh, terrestrial
Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. <em>Trans. Tyneside Field Club.</em> 1: 195-207. [details]   
Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island  
Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2021). Ascidiacea World Database. Molgula citrina Alder & Hancock, 1848. Accessed at: on 2021-06-16
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z

original description Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. <em>Trans. Tyneside Field Club.</em> 1: 195-207. [details]   

original description  (of Gymnocystis comosa Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Etude critique des travaux d'embryogenie relatifs à la parenté des vertébrés et des tuniciers. Arch. Zool. expé. géné., 1 : 233-288 et 397-428. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula arctica Kiaer, 1896) Kiaer, J. (1896). Fortegnelse over Norgen Ascyidiae Simplices Norska. <em>Nordhavs-Exped.</em> 7(23), pt.3: 1-23. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula birulai Redikorzev, 1907) Redikorzev, V. (1907). Die ascidien der russischen Polarexpedition 1900-1903. <em>Zool. Anz.</em> 31(17,18): 521-525. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula echinosiphonica Lacaze-Duthiers, 1877) Lacaze-Duthiers, H. (1877). Histoire des ascidies simples des cotes de France. Deuxieme partie. <em>Arch. Zol. Exp. Gen.</em> 6: 457-673. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula littoralis Verrill, 1871) Verrill, A. E. (1871). Descriptions of some imperfectly known and new ascidians from New England. <em>American Journal of Science series 3.</em> 1: 54-58, 93-100, 211-212, 288-294, 443-446., available online at [details]   

original description  (of Molgula nana Kupffer, 1873) Kupffer, C. W. (1873). Tunicata. <em>In: Möbius, K., Die wirbellosen Thiere der Ostsee. Ber. Komm. D. Meere, Berlin.</em> 1 : 135-137. [details]   

original description  (of Molgula nuda Wagner, 1885) Wagner, N. (1885). Die Wirbellosen des Weissen Meeres. Zool. Forschungen an der Küste des Solowetskischen Meerebusens in den Sommermonaten der Jahre 1877, 1878 und 1882. <em>Leipzig 1885.</em> 2 : (151-167). [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Bromley, J.E.C., and J.S. Bleakney. (1984). Keys to the fauna and flora of Minas Basin. National Research Council of Canada Report 24119. 366 p.  [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N. A. (1981). Field guide to North American seashore creatures. <em>The Audubon Society.</em> 1-799. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at [details]   

additional source Van Name, W. G. (1945). The North and South American ascidians. <em>Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.</em> 84: 1-476., available online at [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at [15-01-2013]., available online at [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1978). A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. <em>Boston : Houghton Mifflin.</em> 329p. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Mocitr [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic. Embryos and tailed larvae in various stages
in the peribranchial cavity anterior to the
gonad on each side. [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Alaska) part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : More likely to be dispersed via sea chests rather than ballast water [details]

From other sources
Diet plankton feeder [details]

Dimensions 8 mm in size [details]

Distribution Arctic to Rhode Island [details]

Habitat bathyal of the Gulf and estuary [details]
Danish citronsøpung  [details]
English sea grapes  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål sitronsekkdyr  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk sitronsekkdyr  [details]
Swedish citronsjöpung  [details]

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