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Schuchert, P. (2008). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Filifera part 3. Revue suisse de Zoologie. 115: 221-302.
Schuchert, P.
The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Filifera part 3
Revue suisse de Zoologie
115: 221-302
This study reviews all European hydroids belonging to the filiferan families Hydractiniidae, Rhysiidae, and Stylasteridae. Stylasterids are treated only summarily because a recent, exhaustive monograph is available. Stylactaria claviformis Bouillon, 1965 and Hydractinia calderi Bouillon,Medel, & Peña Cantero, 1997 are both regarded as junior synonyms of Hydractinia proboscidea (Hincks, 1868). Podocoryna corii Stechow, 1929 is regarded as a new junior synonym of H. borealis. Cytaeandrea polystyla Haeckel, 1879 is perhaps a synonym of Turritopsis polycirrha (Keferstein,1862). Hydractinia areolata Alder, 1862 is selected as type species for the genus Cytaeandra Haeckel, 1879. Clavopsis adriatica Graeffe, 1883a is an indeterminate species, perhaps belonging to Turritopsis dohrnii (Weismann,1883).
Eastern Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-01-30 07:01:42Z


Name introduced as: Hydractinia (Stylactis) ingolfi Kramp, 1932a: 13, figs 5-6.  [details]


Northeastern Atlantic from the Arctic Seas south to NW Africa Includes also the North Sea and parts of the Baltic ... [details]


Perhaps a synonym of Hydractinia echinata. [details]


secondary homonym of Hydractinia reticulata (Wright, 1861) and Hydractinia reticulata (Fraser, 1938) [details]


As the genus Clava is a member of the Hydractiniidae, Clavidae becomes a senior synonym of Hydractiniidae. A case ... [details]


The taxonomic status of this species is unclear. Calder (1988) regarded its as a junior synonym of H. arge Clarke, ... [details]

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