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CaRMS taxon details

Thalassema Pallas, 1774

110357  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:110357)

accepted
Genus
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
neuter
Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. <em>[Book series, 14 volumes].</em> Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27823183 [details]   
Note The type species is Lumbricus thalassema...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species is Lumbricus thalassema Pallas, 1774 as pointed out by Nishikawa (1998), according to Art. 67.12 of the Code (ICZN 1999). [details]
Description The original mention of Thalassema by Pallas on page 8 in his Latin text, under the heading "Lumbricus thalassema",...  
Description The original mention of Thalassema by Pallas on page 8 in his Latin text, under the heading "Lumbricus thalassema", seemingly as a genus is as follows:
"Hanc speciem, quae praecedentis structuram pulchre illustrat , in Cornubia observauit profunde inter rimas rupium submarinarum habitantem Cel. Jos. Gaertner, cujus propriis verbis descriptionem , communicatamque cum plurimis infra recensendis iconem, hic infero lubens. Thalassema Neptunii nomen huic vermiculo fecit Gaertnerus noster ; Eumque generis ad quod mihi pertinere visus eft denominationi, pro distinguenda specie, adjeci." [details]

Etymology According to Fisher (1946) the etymology is "thalassos (sea) + ema (dart)" . According to Nishikawa (1998) Thalassema is a...  
Etymology According to Fisher (1946) the etymology is "thalassos (sea) + ema (dart)" . According to Nishikawa (1998) Thalassema is a neuter noun. It appears to have been treated as a neuter genus by most authors. As thalassema is a noun, it cannot change suffix when first used as a species-group name (Lumbricus thalassema) and then recombined (Thalassema thalassema). Thus 'thalassemum' as if a variable adjective in Stephens & Edmonds (1972) is incorrect. [details]
CaRMS (2021). Thalassema Pallas, 1774. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110357 on 2021-12-05
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Thalassema Pallas, 1774. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=110357 on 2021-12-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-18 15:03:04Z
changed
2008-08-08 08:28:57Z
changed
2017-06-06 06:27:23Z
changed
2017-07-23 19:47:21Z
changed
2017-08-15 08:38:31Z
changed
2017-10-05 14:05:37Z
changed
2017-10-06 18:25:38Z
changed

original description Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. <em>[Book series, 14 volumes].</em> Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27823183 [details]   

taxonomy source Stephen, A. C., Edmonds, S. J. (1972). The Phyla Sipuncula and Echiura. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
page(s): 452 [details]   

additional source Murina, Vantsetti. List of Echiura. [details]   

additional source Satô, H. (1939). Studies on the Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea and Priapuloidea of Japan. <em>Science Reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Fourth Series, Biology.</em> 14 (4): 339–460, plates XIX–XXIII. [details]   

additional source Popkov, D. V. (1992). A new echiuran species Thalassema malakhovi (Echiura) from New Zealand. <em>New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research.</em> 26(3-4): 379–383., available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00288330.1992.9516531
note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]   

additional source Nishikawa, T. (1998). Nomenclatural remarks on the family-group names of the Phylum Echiura. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 111(2): 249–256., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35459003 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (2001). Echiura, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 178 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source NODC. (1997). NODC Taxonomic codes.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Authority Lamarck (1801: 328) clearly uses 'Thalassema' as a valid genus (for his new name Thalassema rupium for the existing name Lumbricus thalassema deriving from Pallas, and he credits the genus authorship to Cuvier, but Stephen & Edmonds state they could not find evidence of this. Sherborn lists an 1801 mention of Thalassema by Cuvier in the first volume of the "Lecons .." but states the first formal mention is in Lamarck. The possible Cuvier or other authorship perhaps needs further investigation, but "Thalassema" was a pre-Lamarck name (in Pallas 1774 at least). The question is, did Pallas's mention of it (as Thalassema neptuni of Gaertner) make it an available name from that date, when it is a mention in synonymy (of Lumbricus thalassema). Nishikawa (1998:253) analysed the situation, and decided that Thalassema did date from Pallas 1774. However, it is possible the genus should be given a later date of when it appears in Lamarck (1801). [details]

Description The original mention of Thalassema by Pallas on page 8 in his Latin text, under the heading "Lumbricus thalassema", seemingly as a genus is as follows:
"Hanc speciem, quae praecedentis structuram pulchre illustrat , in Cornubia observauit profunde inter rimas rupium submarinarum habitantem Cel. Jos. Gaertner, cujus propriis verbis descriptionem , communicatamque cum plurimis infra recensendis iconem, hic infero lubens. Thalassema Neptunii nomen huic vermiculo fecit Gaertnerus noster ; Eumque generis ad quod mihi pertinere visus eft denominationi, pro distinguenda specie, adjeci." [details]

Etymology According to Fisher (1946) the etymology is "thalassos (sea) + ema (dart)" . According to Nishikawa (1998) Thalassema is a neuter noun. It appears to have been treated as a neuter genus by most authors. As thalassema is a noun, it cannot change suffix when first used as a species-group name (Lumbricus thalassema) and then recombined (Thalassema thalassema). Thus 'thalassemum' as if a variable adjective in Stephens & Edmonds (1972) is incorrect. [details]

Type species The type species is Lumbricus thalassema Pallas, 1774 as pointed out by Nishikawa (1998), according to Art. 67.12 of the Code (ICZN 1999). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese コゲミドリユムシ属  [details]
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