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CaRMS taxon details

Lumbrineris Blainville, 1828

129337  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129337)

accepted
Genus
Lumbriconereis [misspelling of Grube, 1840] · unaccepted (incorrect subsequent spelling...)  
incorrect subsequent spelling variant of Lumbrineris Blainville, 1828
Species Lumbrineris bidens Ehlers, 1887
Species Lumbrineris ernesti Perkins, 1979
Species Lumbrineris fauchaldi Blake, 1972
Species Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
Species Lumbrineris minuta (Théel, 1879)

Species Lumbrineris acicularum Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Scoletoma acicularum (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Lumbrineris brevipes (McIntosh, 1903) accepted as Paraninoe brevipes (McIntosh, 1903) (disused combination)
Species Lumbrineris fragilis (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Scoletoma fragilis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (superseded combination)
Species Lumbrineris hebes Verrill, 1879 accepted as Scoletoma hebes (Verrill, 1879) (superseded subsequent combination (genus spelling correction))
Species Lumbrineris impatiens Claparède, 1868 accepted as Scoletoma laurentiana (Grube, 1863) (subjective synonym, corrected genus spelling)
Species Lumbrineris januarii Grube, 1878 accepted as Lumbricalus januarii (Grube, 1878) (superseded subsequent combination, corrected genus spelling)
Species Lumbrineris tenuis Verrill, 1873 accepted as Scoletoma tenuis (Verrill, 1873) (replaced combination)
Species Lumbrineris tetraura (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Scoletoma tetraura (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded subsequent combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Blainville, H. M. D de [Henri Marie Ducrotay]. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes <b>[entries in VEA-VERS, volume 57]</b>. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite methodiquement des differens etres de la nature, consideres soit en eux-memes. d'apres l'etat actuel de nos connais sciences, soit relativement a l'utilite qu'en peuvent retirer la medicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suive d'une biographie des plus celebres naturalistes.</em> vol. 57 [Tome LVII. Vea - Vers] F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25316522
page(s): 486 [details]   
Note The type species of Lumbrineris is Nereis...  
From editor or global species database
Type species The type species of Lumbrineris is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated as type by Pettibone (1963: 257), and cannot be either of the two other taxa previously said to be the type species during the 20thC. It cannot be Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards 1834 as that species post dates the creation of the genus by Blainville (1828), and it cannot be Lumbricus fragilis Müller, 1776 (the type species of the valid genus Scoletoma Blainville, 1828) as given in Hartman (1944: 136) and in Day (1967:431) as that species was not included by Blainville in his new genus. The type species of a genus must be a species originally included in the genus. There are no ways of circumventing this requirement (ICZN Article 67.2). Yet the Hartman (1959) catalogue has Lumbrineris latreilli, a species named six years later, as the type of the genus, and Carrera-Parra (2006) has repeated this in a modern genus review without any background commentary. This designation is not possible. Frame (1992: 197) also has the type species as L. latreilli, as 'designated' by the Hartman catalogue (a 1959 listing), but Frame was well aware this 'designation' was not possible under the code, and pointed out the unresolved issue, stating "the definition of Lumbrineris is uncertain" [because she thought the type species was uncertain.]. Aguirrezabalaga & Arias (2018: 187 in Parapar et al) state they designate the type as Lumbrineris pallassii Blainville, 1828, but they have overlooked the prior designation of Pettibone (1963), and that L. pallassii is a superfluous new name of Blainville's for Nereis ebranchiata Pallas.

Blainville (1828) named the following three species in Lumbrineris: L splendida (a new name for Nereis lumbricalis Blainville), L. scolopendrina Blainville (original name not stated, but was Nereis scolopendrina), and L pallasii (a new name for Nereis ebranchiata of Pallas, 1788, later used as N. ebranchiata by Gmelin (p.3120, Linnaeus 13th edition). These three taxa are the only candidates that could be the type species of Lumbrineris. Two of the three species are apparently still within Lumbrineris, but N. ebranchiata was tentatively put in Oenone by Savigny (1822). Pallas's figure appears to show three short nuchal antennae so it cannot be a Lumbrineris, and may be Oenone fulgida. Quatrefages (1866: 367) included the three Blainville species as incertae sedis in Lumbrineris, and includes some detail on the previous usages. Perhaps on that basis Hartman lists all three as indeterminable (she does not give Nereis scolopendrina a listing recombined in Lumbrineris). However, Hartman was not always correct when she labelled names in the Catalogue as indeterminable, and this requires more investigation. If they are indeterminable this does not change their status as the only possible candidate taxa for Lumbrineris type species.As already noted the correctly designated type species is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated by Pettibone (1963).
[cite comment as fide G Read, October, 2019]. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Lumbrineris Blainville, 1828. Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129337 on 2022-10-06
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2022). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Lumbrineris Blainville, 1828. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129337 on 2022-10-06
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2019-10-19 03:40:31Z
changed
2019-10-21 01:32:00Z
changed
2019-10-22 21:11:33Z
changed

original description Blainville, H. M. D de [Henri Marie Ducrotay]. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes <b>[entries in VEA-VERS, volume 57]</b>. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite methodiquement des differens etres de la nature, consideres soit en eux-memes. d'apres l'etat actuel de nos connais sciences, soit relativement a l'utilite qu'en peuvent retirer la medicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suive d'une biographie des plus celebres naturalistes.</em> vol. 57 [Tome LVII. Vea - Vers] F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25316522
page(s): 486 [details]   

taxonomy source Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. <i>Bulletin of the United States National Museum</i>. 227(1): 1-356., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7870746
page(s): 257; note: Pettibone designates Lumbrineris type species as L. ebranchiata (Pallas,1788) [details]   

taxonomy source Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). [Part 2.] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> sér. 1, 28: 187-247., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6096524
page(s): 238; note: Audouin & Milne Edwards (1833) attribute the genus to Blainville, and they use both Lumbrineris and Lombrineris spellings [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender Feminine. Authors have consistently treated Lumbrineris as of feminine gender. Lumbrineris is apparently a fusion of genus-group names Lumbricus Linnaeus, 1758, and Nereis Linnaeus, 1758. de Blainville used “Nereiscolecida” as his family name, and he placed Lumbrineris informally in the “néréides multidentées”. Nereis derives from the Nereides, the sea nymphs, 50 daughters of Nereus [details]

Type species The type species of Lumbrineris is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated as type by Pettibone (1963: 257), and cannot be either of the two other taxa previously said to be the type species during the 20thC. It cannot be Lumbrineris latreilli Audouin & Milne Edwards 1834 as that species post dates the creation of the genus by Blainville (1828), and it cannot be Lumbricus fragilis Müller, 1776 (the type species of the valid genus Scoletoma Blainville, 1828) as given in Hartman (1944: 136) and in Day (1967:431) as that species was not included by Blainville in his new genus. The type species of a genus must be a species originally included in the genus. There are no ways of circumventing this requirement (ICZN Article 67.2). Yet the Hartman (1959) catalogue has Lumbrineris latreilli, a species named six years later, as the type of the genus, and Carrera-Parra (2006) has repeated this in a modern genus review without any background commentary. This designation is not possible. Frame (1992: 197) also has the type species as L. latreilli, as 'designated' by the Hartman catalogue (a 1959 listing), but Frame was well aware this 'designation' was not possible under the code, and pointed out the unresolved issue, stating "the definition of Lumbrineris is uncertain" [because she thought the type species was uncertain.]. Aguirrezabalaga & Arias (2018: 187 in Parapar et al) state they designate the type as Lumbrineris pallassii Blainville, 1828, but they have overlooked the prior designation of Pettibone (1963), and that L. pallassii is a superfluous new name of Blainville's for Nereis ebranchiata Pallas.

Blainville (1828) named the following three species in Lumbrineris: L splendida (a new name for Nereis lumbricalis Blainville), L. scolopendrina Blainville (original name not stated, but was Nereis scolopendrina), and L pallasii (a new name for Nereis ebranchiata of Pallas, 1788, later used as N. ebranchiata by Gmelin (p.3120, Linnaeus 13th edition). These three taxa are the only candidates that could be the type species of Lumbrineris. Two of the three species are apparently still within Lumbrineris, but N. ebranchiata was tentatively put in Oenone by Savigny (1822). Pallas's figure appears to show three short nuchal antennae so it cannot be a Lumbrineris, and may be Oenone fulgida. Quatrefages (1866: 367) included the three Blainville species as incertae sedis in Lumbrineris, and includes some detail on the previous usages. Perhaps on that basis Hartman lists all three as indeterminable (she does not give Nereis scolopendrina a listing recombined in Lumbrineris). However, Hartman was not always correct when she labelled names in the Catalogue as indeterminable, and this requires more investigation. If they are indeterminable this does not change their status as the only possible candidate taxa for Lumbrineris type species.As already noted the correctly designated type species is Nereis ebranchiata Pallas, 1788, designated by Pettibone (1963).
[cite comment as fide G Read, October, 2019]. [details]

From other sources
Authority Gambi et al., 1997 found 2 not yet described species: "sp.1" and "sp.2" [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
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