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CaRMS taxon details

Myzostoma Leuckart, 1836

129364  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129364)

accepted
Genus
Myzostomum Leuckart, 1827 (nomen nudum in 1827)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Leuckart, Friedrich Sigismund. (1836). Beziehung auf den Haarstern (Comatula) und Penacrinus europeaus, so wie auf der Schmarotzerthier auf Comatula. <em>Notizen aus dem Gebiete der Natur-und Heilkunde, gesammelt und mitgetheilt von Dr. L. G. V. Froriep.</em> 50(9, no. 1087): 129-131. [details]   
Nomenclature On his page 1 of his monograph Graff (1877)writes: "In der Literatur finden sich nebeneinander die Bezeichnungen Myzostomum...  
Nomenclature On his page 1 of his monograph Graff (1877)writes: "In der Literatur finden sich nebeneinander die Bezeichnungen Myzostomum und Myzostoma - die letztere als die unzweifelhaft richtigere wird von mir durchwegs angewendet werden, obgleich die erstere Bezeichnung die Priorität für sich hat." In translation: "In the literature will find the labels next to each other Myzostomum and Myzostoma - the latter as the undoubtedly more correct is by me consistently applied, although the former name has priority". This is incorrect as Myzostomum as first published is a nomen nudum. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Myzostoma Leuckart, 1836. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2021) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/CaRMS/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129364 on 2021-10-28
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2021). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Myzostoma Leuckart, 1836. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129364 on 2021-10-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-08-23 13:24:43Z
changed
2006-11-21 15:42:35Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-12-20 21:11:48Z
changed
2019-10-30 22:07:27Z
changed

original description Leuckart, Friedrich Sigismund. (1836). Beziehung auf den Haarstern (Comatula) und Penacrinus europeaus, so wie auf der Schmarotzerthier auf Comatula. <em>Notizen aus dem Gebiete der Natur-und Heilkunde, gesammelt und mitgetheilt von Dr. L. G. V. Froriep.</em> 50(9, no. 1087): 129-131. [details]   

original description  (of Myzostomum Leuckart, 1827) Leuckart, Friedrich Sigismund. (1827). Versuch einer naturgemässen Eintheilung der Helminthen nebst dem Entwurfe einer Verwandschafts- und Stufenfolge der Thiere überhaupt. 90 pp. Heidelberg und Leipzig, Neue Akademische Buchhandlung von Karl Gross., available online at https://books.google.com/books?id=Ww4AAAAAQAAJ
page(s): 24; note: appears to be a nomen nudum [details]   

taxonomy source Graff, Ludwig von. (1877). Das Genus Myzostoma (F.S. Leuckart). 1-82. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/OXVU1:oxfaleph012857796
note: Monograph [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

status source Grygier, Mark J. 1992. Hong Kong Myzostomida and their Indo-Pacific distributions, in B. Morton ed., The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China III. Proceedings of the Fourth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China, Hong Kong, 11-29 April 1989: Hong Kong, Hong Kong University press, p. 131-147.
page(s): 132; note: comments on genus publication date [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature On his page 1 of his monograph Graff (1877)writes: "In der Literatur finden sich nebeneinander die Bezeichnungen Myzostomum und Myzostoma - die letztere als die unzweifelhaft richtigere wird von mir durchwegs angewendet werden, obgleich die erstere Bezeichnung die Priorität für sich hat." In translation: "In the literature will find the labels next to each other Myzostomum and Myzostoma - the latter as the undoubtedly more correct is by me consistently applied, although the former name has priority". This is incorrect as Myzostomum as first published is a nomen nudum. [details]

Publication date Grygier (1992:132) accurately summarizes the history of the the early usages of Myzostoma, leading to the true date the name is available from as follows: "The genus Myzostoma Leuckart, 1836 is often spelled Myzostomum and the date of authorship is often given as 1827 or 1830. Leuckart (1827) wrote only, ' ... ein neues Genus, welches ich als Schmarotzerthier einige Male auf dem Discus der Comatula mediterranea gefunden und Myzostomum parasiticum genannt habe.' Sole mention of a host does not constitute an indication, and since there was no illustration or other indication, both Myzostomum and M. parasiticum are nomina nuda here. Leuckart 1830 was a report of a lecture delivered by him about this genus, this time spelled Myzostoma, and two additional species, M. glabrum and M. costatum; again, no indications validated any of these names and they are nomina nuda as of that date. Leuckart (1836) finally gave a diagnosis, in Latin, of the genus Myzostoma, which made the name available with the type species by monotypy Myzostoma cirriferum Leuckart, 1836. Subsequent usages of the spelling Myzostomum, based on Leuckart (1827), are unjustified emendations and are to be treated as objective junior synonyms of Myzostoma Leuckart, 1836." [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 091279)
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