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WoRMS taxon details

Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957

109723  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109723)

accepted
Species
Amphidinium klebsii N.Carter, 1937 · unaccepted (synonym)
Amphidinium microcephalum R.E.Norris · unaccepted (synonym)
marine
Hulburt, E. M. (1957). The Taxonomy of Unarmored Dinophyceae of Shallow Embayments on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. <em>Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab. Woods Hole.</em> 112(2): 196-219., available online at https://doi.org/10.2307/1539198 [details]   
Type locality contained in Woods Hole  
type locality contained in Woods Hole [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680 [details]

Description Cells oval, dorsoventrally flattened. Epicone crescent-shaped, clearly deflected towards the left. Cingulum beginning...  
Description Cells oval, dorsoventrally flattened. Epicone crescent-shaped, clearly deflected towards the left. Cingulum beginning 0.3–0.4 of the cell length from the apex, midway across the ventral face, ascending initially, then descending on the ventral side; distal end 0.5 of the cell length from the apex. Sulcus beginning 1–2 μm below the proximal end of the cingulum, continuing to the posterior. Nucleus rounded, in the hypocone. Division by binary fission in the motile cell.  [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Amphidinium carterae Hulburt, 1957. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109723 on 2024-07-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-11-02 20:34:05Z
changed
2008-11-20 10:21:18Z
checked
2010-10-12 08:08:29Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.


original description Hulburt, E. M. (1957). The Taxonomy of Unarmored Dinophyceae of Shallow Embayments on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. <em>Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab. Woods Hole.</em> 112(2): 196-219., available online at https://doi.org/10.2307/1539198 [details]   

taxonomy source S. Murray, M. Flø Jørgensen, N. Daugbjerg & L. Rhodes (2004) <i>Amphidinium</i> revisited. II. Resolving species boundaries in the <i>Amphidinium operculatum</i> species complex (Dinophyceae), including the descriptions of <i>Amphidinium trulla</i> sp. nov. and <i>Amphidinium gibbosum</i> comb. nov. J. Phycol. 40: 366-382. [details]   

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Steidinger, K. A., M. A. Faust, and D. U. Hernández-Becerril. 2009. Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 131–154 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

toxicology source Rhodes L.L., Smith K.F., Munday R., Selwood A.I., McNabb P.S., Holland P.T., Bottein M.-Y. (2009). Toxic dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae) from Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Toxicon, 56:751-758. [details]   

toxicology source Yasumoto T., Seino N., Murakami Y. & Murata M. 1987. Toxins produced by benthic dinoflagellates. Biol. Bull. 172: 128-131. [details]   

ecology source Leles, S. G.; Mitra, A.; Flynn, K. J.; Tillmann, U.; Stoecker, D.; Jeong, H. J.; Burkholder, J.; Hansen, P. J.; Caron, D. A.; Glibert, P. M.; Hallegraeff, G.; Raven, J. A.; Sanders, R. W.; Zubkov, M. (2019). Sampling bias misrepresents the biogeographical significance of constitutive mixotrophs across global oceans. <em>Global Ecology and Biogeography.</em> 28(4): 418-428., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12853 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Mitra, A.; Caron, D. A.; Faure, E.; Flynn, K. J.; Leles, S. G.; Hansen, P. J.; McManus, G. B.; Not, F.; Do Rosario Gomes, H.; Santoferrara, L. F.; Stoecker, D. K.; Tillmann, U. (2023). The Mixoplankton Database (MDB): Diversity of photo‐phago‐trophic plankton in form, function, and distribution across the global ocean. <em>Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.</em> 70(4)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/jeu.12972 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

ecology source Du Yoo, Y.; Jeong, H. J.; Kim, M. S.; Kang, N. S.; Song, J. Y.; Shin, W.; Kim, K. Y.; Lee, K. (2009). Feeding by Phototrophic Red-Tide Dinoflagellates on the Ubiquitous Marine Diatom<i>Skeletonema costatum</i>. <em>Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology.</em> 56(5): 413-420., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2009.00421.x [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47680 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Description Cells oval, dorsoventrally flattened. Epicone crescent-shaped, clearly deflected towards the left. Cingulum beginning 0.3–0.4 of the cell length from the apex, midway across the ventral face, ascending initially, then descending on the ventral side; distal end 0.5 of the cell length from the apex. Sulcus beginning 1–2 μm below the proximal end of the cingulum, continuing to the posterior. Nucleus rounded, in the hypocone. Division by binary fission in the motile cell.  [details]

Harmful effect Haemolysins have been isolated and fish toxicity is also known. [details]

Identification Similar species: Amphidinium massartii. Remarks: There are at least 4 distinct genotypes of this species (Murray et al. 2004, Murray et al. 2012).  [details]

From other sources
Diet general for group: both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) [details]

Habitat pelagic [details]

Importance General: known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans. [details]

Predators marine microorganisms and animal larvae [details]

Reproduction general for group: both sexual and asexual [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Japanese ヒメズキンハダカオビムシ  [details]
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