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CaRMS name details

Autolytus Grube, 1850

129646  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129646)

 unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Genus
Species Autolytus emertoni Verrill, 1881
Species Autolytus varius Treadwell, 1914

Subgenus Autolytus (Autolytus) Grube, 1850 accepted as Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (subjective synonym)
Species Autolytus alexandri Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (superseded original combination)
Species Autolytus cornutus Agassiz, 1862 accepted as Proceraea cornuta (Agassiz, 1862) (superseded original combination)
Species Autolytus dentalius Imajima, 1966 accepted as Myrianida dentalia (Imajima, 1966) (alternate representation)
Species Autolytus fasciatus (Bosc, 1802) accepted as Proceraea fasciata (Bosc, 1802) (superseded recombination)
Species Autolytus prismaticus (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Proceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Species Autolytus prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) accepted as Myrianida prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet, with the masculine genus Autolytus the spelling should be 'prolifer')
Species Autolytus verrilli Marenzeller, 1892 accepted as Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867)

Species Autolytus varians Verrill, 1881 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 310 + unnumbered table facing page 281 [details]   
Etymology Grube gives no etymology or even diagnosis for Autolytus. However, Grube genera names tended to be descriptive Latin...  
Etymology Grube gives no etymology or even diagnosis for Autolytus. However, Grube genera names tended to be descriptive Latin rather than names from mythology or names honoring other biologists. The closest mythological name is Autolycus from Homer's Oddssey, but it was already used at the time in Coleotera (insecta). So, taken literally, the generic name Autolytus is composed from the Latin prefix auto-, meaning 'self', and the Greek word lytos, meaning 'capable of being unfastened or dissolved', and seems to refer to the schizogamus reproduction by gemmiparity present in the group.  [details]

Taxonomy Nygren (2004: 115), in his revision of the subfamily Autolytinae considered the genus Autolytus Grube, 1850 as a junior...  
Taxonomy Nygren (2004: 115), in his revision of the subfamily Autolytinae considered the genus Autolytus Grube, 1850 as a junior synonym of Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845. However, some species remained within the genus Autolytus due to their uncertain taxonomic position, being considered as "incertae sedis".  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2022). World Polychaeta Database. Autolytus Grube, 1850. Accessed through: Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2022) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129646 on 2023-02-08
Nozères, C., Kennedy, M.K. (Eds.) (2023). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Autolytus Grube, 1850. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129646 on 2023-02-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-25 15:50:31Z
changed
2007-02-28 11:48:34Z
checked
2007-05-07 14:39:08Z
changed
2007-05-08 07:33:02Z
changed
2008-03-04 10:31:00Z
changed
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-09-29 14:01:26Z
changed
2014-09-08 11:22:22Z
changed
2014-10-30 11:35:11Z
changed
2015-05-03 19:30:03Z
changed
2022-07-13 02:05:07Z
changed

original description Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 310 + unnumbered table facing page 281 [details]   

additional source Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 650 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., Bosse, L. & Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy Nygren, Arne. (2004). Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 680: 1-314., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2004f/z00680f.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Etymology Grube gives no etymology or even diagnosis for Autolytus. However, Grube genera names tended to be descriptive Latin rather than names from mythology or names honoring other biologists. The closest mythological name is Autolycus from Homer's Oddssey, but it was already used at the time in Coleotera (insecta). So, taken literally, the generic name Autolytus is composed from the Latin prefix auto-, meaning 'self', and the Greek word lytos, meaning 'capable of being unfastened or dissolved', and seems to refer to the schizogamus reproduction by gemmiparity present in the group.  [details]

Grammatical gender Masculine. Subsequent authors have, with two exceptions, considered Autolytus as a masculine form. However, Grube (1850) himself did not change the feminine Nereis prolifera of the type species original name to Autolytus prolifer as he perhaps should have done. The word 'prolifer a um' is a new latin adjective meaning fruitful or productive according to Brown (1954) [details]

Taxonomy Nygren (2004: 115), in his revision of the subfamily Autolytinae considered the genus Autolytus Grube, 1850 as a junior synonym of Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845. However, some species remained within the genus Autolytus due to their uncertain taxonomic position, being considered as "incertae sedis".  [details]

From other sources
Remark Type species Nereis prolifera O. F. Muller 1788 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]
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