Cetacea taxon details

Lagenorhynchus albirostris (Gray, 1846)

(of Delphinus albirostris Gray, 1846) Gray J.E. (1846). Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror. Volume 1: Mammalia and Birds. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6957416
page(s): 35; note: See (Galatius & Kinze, 2016 for more info about the nomenclature status around D. albirostris) [details]   
Note Great Yarmouth, England.  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Great Yarmouth, England. [details]
Distribution Pelagic Northern waters  
Distribution Pelagic Northern waters [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2021). World Cetacea Database. Lagenorhynchus albirostris (Gray, 1846). Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137101 on 2022-01-29
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z

original description  (of Delphinus albirostris Gray, 1846) Gray J.E. (1846). Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror. Volume 1: Mammalia and Birds. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6957416
page(s): 35; note: See (Galatius & Kinze, 2016 for more info about the nomenclature status around D. albirostris) [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Animal Diversity Web. <em>University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.</em> , available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

new combination reference Gray J.E. (1846). Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror. Volume 1: Mammalia and Birds. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6957416 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

From editor or global species database
Biology White-beaked dolphins feed on living, benthic, shallow water fish. Their food varies according to the region and probably depends on the local availability. The stomach content of those washed ashore at the Belgian coast consisted amongst others of whiting, cod, haddock, hake, herring, plaice, mackerel and cephalopods and some benthic crustaceans.

These dolphins are mostly found living far offshore, normally in shoals of 6 to 20, although in one exceptional case of more than 1500. They are often observed together with the Atlantic white-sided dolphin. They are powerful swimmers who love to surf on bow waves of ships. [details]

Distribution Pelagic Northern waters [details]

Holotype Skeleton and figure of an animal in the British Museum (Natural History), London, no. 916a-, collected by Mr. Brightwell. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

Importance Are or were hunted along the coasts of several northern Atlantic countries including Norway, Iceland and Newfoundland. [details]

Morphology White-beaked dolphins are rather large, robust dolphins. The back is dark grey and black, with a lighter ‘saddlespot’ behind the dorsal fin. A dark grey to whitish line can be found above the eye which continues over the flanks to the anus. The colour is highly variable. The body is fairly stocky. The beak is rather short and the flippers are large and pointed.  [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: robust body, with a short, thick beak about 5-8 cm long in adults. The beak is distinctly set off from the melon. The dorsal fin is at mid-body. It is proportionally large (up to 15% of body length), often rounded at the peak, and strongly recurved. Both the dorsal fin and the flukes apparently decrease in size relative to other body dimensions as the dolphin ages. The pointed flippers can be up to 19% of the total adult length. The thickened tail stock tapers gradually. The beak of most white-beaked dolphins is white, often mottled with light grey or with greyish or blackish spots, but in some it is almost entirely grey (though paler than the head). The dark dorsal field anterior to the dorsal fin is sometimes separated from the dark melon by a transverse light grey stripe, a brownish-grey patch or a bold whitish "chevron" around and behind the blowhole that may extend downwards from the melon to encircle the eye.  [details]

Type locality Great Yarmouth, England. [details]

From other sources
Diet clupeids, gadids and hake are the principal diet. Other fish, cephalopods and benthic crustaceans are also eaten. [details]

Dimensions Length: male 8-10' (2.4-3 m), female 8-10' (2.4-3 m), at birth 4' (1.2 m); Weight: 200 kg on average [details]

Habitat temperate to subpolar, mostly in deep water [details]

Habitat inshore to mainly offshore [details]

Reproduction Calves born between June and September. Reach sexual maturity at a length of 1.95 m. (at birth are about 115 m long.) [details]
Czech plískavice bělonosá  [details]
Danish hvidnæse  [details]
Dutch witsnuitdolfijndolfijn met witten snuit  [details]
English white-nosed dolphinwhite-beaked dolphinwhite-beaked bottlenose  [details]
French dauphin à rostre blancdauphin à bec blanc  [details]
German weißschnauziger Springerweißschnauziger DelfinWeißschnauzendelfinweisschnauziger Springerweisschnauziger delphin  [details]
Icelandic hofrungurhnydingur  [details]
Italian lagenorinco rostrobianco  [details]
Kalaallisut niza  [details]
Lithuanian baltasnukis delfinas  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Λευκόρυγχος λαγηνόρυγχος  [details]
Norwegian hvitsnutet springerhvidsnudet delfinhvidnaese  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål kvitnos  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk kvitnos  [details]
Polish delfin białonosy  [details]
Russian дельфин беломордыйbelorylyi delfinbelonosyi delfin  [details]
Slovenian elokljuni pisani delfinbelokljuni pisani delfin  [details]
Spanish delfín de hocico blanco  [details]
Swedish vitnos  [details]
Turkish ak burunlu yunus  [details]
Ukrainian Дельфін біломордий  [details]
Welsh dolffin pigwyn  [details]