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San Martín G. and Hutchings P.A.. 2006. Eusyllinae (Polychaeta, Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 58. 257-370.
129356
10.3853/j.0067-1975.58.2006.1466 [view]
San mart?n, G.; Hutchings, P.
2006
Eusyllinae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species
Rec. Aust. Mus
58(3), 257-370
Publication
Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, housed at the Australian Museum (Sydney), have been examined and identified. Australian material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was also examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Eusyllinae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 53 species are reported from Australia belonging to 14 genera: Amblyosyllis Grube, 1857 (3 species); Anoplosyllis Claparède, 1868 (1 species); Astreptosyllis Kudenov & Dorsey, 1982 (2 species); Eusyllis Malmgren, 1867 (3 species); Nudisyllis Knox & Cameron, 1970 (1 species); Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 (9 species); Opisthodonta Langerhans, 1879 (3 species); Paraehlersia San Martín, 2003 (2 species); Paraopisthosyllis Hartmann-Schröder, 1991 (4 species); Pionosyllis Malmgren, 1867 (15 species); Psammosyllis Westheide, 1990 (1 species); Streptodonta n.gen. (1 species); Streptosyllis Webster & Benedict, 1884 (3 species); and Syllides Örsted, 1845 (5 species). A total of 15 new species are described: Amblyosyllis enigmatica, A. multidenticulata, Odontosyllis marombibooral, Opisthodonta hanneloreae, Paraopisthosyllis alternocirra, P. ornaticirra, Syllides tam, Pionosyllis rousei, P. kalimna, P. yolandae, P. mariae, P. mayteae, P. ancori, P. koolalya, and P. heterochaetosa. A new name, Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae, is proposed for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) longisetosa Hartmann-Schröder, 1990 as this is junior homonym of Pionosyllis longisetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965). Additionally, five species are new records for Australia: Odontosyllis gravelyi Fauvel, 1930; Opisthodonta morena Langerhans, 1879; Pionosyllis corallicola Ding & Westheide, 1997; Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914) and Syllides japonicus Imajima, 1966. A discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Nontype AM W22989, geounit Australia, identified as Streptodonta pterochaeta (Southern, 1914)
 Classification

Incorporation into either the Eusyllinae or the Exogoninae was unresolved, because it possesses characters of both ... [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 13 m. [details]

 Depth range

Shallow waters (13 m).  [details]

 Depth range

9 to 30 m; 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

9 to 30 m; 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

4.5 to 24 m, and 244 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 60 m. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales; Queensland; Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand (Snares Islands); Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland (Lizard Island); Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia, northern New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Tasman Sea (Elisabeth and Middleton Reef).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Eastern Atlantic Ocean, from North Sea to Straits of Gibraltar. Mediterranean Sea. Australia (New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria).  [details]

 Etymology

The name of the species is referred to the enigmatic structure found in the cirrophores of the holotype (curved ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the highly denticulated trepan.  [details]

 Etymology

The species epithet derives from two aboriginal words, marombi, meaning shield, and booral, meaning big, or large, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Dr. hannelore Paxton, an Australian polychaetologist.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the alternating sizes of the dorsal cirri along the body.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after the characteristic pigmentation of the dorsal cirri.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour to the late Ancor Núñez Brito, son of Jorge Núñez and María del Carmen Brito, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to Dr. Olga Hartmann-Schröder, who first described the species as Typosyllis ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the presence of several different types of chaetae on the anterior segments.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an aboriginal word, kalimna, meaning beautiful.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an aboriginal word, koolalya, meaning feather epaulettes, in reference to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after María Capa, collaborator and friend of the authors.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after María Teresa Aguado (Mayte), collaborator and friend of the authors.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Dr. Greg Rouse, an Australian polychaetologist. [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after Yolanda Lucas, who helped the authors in many ways, particularly with the illustrations ... [details]

 Etymology

The name of the new genus is a combination of the prefix streptos, from the Greek, meaning twisted (in reference to ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named after The Australian Museum. [details]

 Habitat

In sand, algae and colonial bryozoans, in intertidal and shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

Occurs among bryozoans and other colonial animals, in shallow depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On sand, coral rubble, dead corals like Acropora and Montipora spp., and sponges, at intertidal to shallow subtidal ... [details]

 Habitat

In dead corals and in shell debris, in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

In algae, seagrasses, and sponges.  [details]

 Habitat

In Caulerpa sp., at shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

In encrusting algae and sponges, in shallow waters.  [details]

 Habitat

On sandflats in mangroves, dead coral substrate, in fine sediment at foot of reef slope, in strapleaved seagrass ... [details]

 Habitat

In rocky rubble sediment and brown algae with epiphytes.  [details]

 Habitat

In encrusting communities and sand. [details]

 Habitat

On rocks with encrusted Lithothamnion and Halimeda.  [details]

 Habitat

On gorgonaceans, ascideans, sponges, and in sand. [details]

 Habitat

In coarse sand.  [details]

 Habitat

In coarse, medium to muddy sand.  [details]

 Nomenclature

Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 is a replacement name for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Pionosyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín & Hutchings, 2006 is a replacement name for Typosyllis (Langerhansia) ... [details]

 Synonymy

The synonymy of Alluaudella Gravier, 1905 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1863 was suggested by San Martín & ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) examined the holotype of Alluaudella longicirrata Mohammad, 1973, stating that it ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006: 276) suggested the synonymy between Eudontosyllis aciculata Knox, 1960 and Eusyllis ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006: 276) suggested the synonymy between Eudontosyllis aciculata Knox, 1960 and Eusyllis ... [details]

 Synonymy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) revised the holotype and single specimen of the species (HZM P-17400), which is less ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Hartman (1959: 203) considered Eurymedusa Kinberg, 1866 to be synonymous with Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864, ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The genus was originally described in the subfamily Autolytinae Langerhans, 1879, and was later synonymized with ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) synonymized Pharyngeovalvata Day, 1951 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1868, after ... [details]

 Taxonomy

San Martín & Hutchings (2006) synonymized Pharyngeovalvata Day, 1951 with Odontosyllis Claparède, 1868, after ... [details]

 Taxonomy

According to San Martín & Hutchings (2006) the Australian specimen may represent a new species, but as there was ... [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, NW corner of Bowen Island, Jervis Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, Port Jackson. [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, off jetty adjacent to Fisheries Hut, Beacon Island. [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, Wallabi Group of Islands.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, Red Bluff, Kalbarri.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, inshore limestone reef, Ned's Camp, cape Range National Park [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef (14º36'S, 145º38'E).  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Brisbane, Redcliffe Point (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

 Type locality

Australia, New South Wales, south of the airport runway extension, Botany Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Western Australia, north end of beach Bundegi Reef, Exmouth Gulf.  [details]

 Type locality

Australia, South Australia, Speeds Point, Streaky Bay.  [details]

 Type locality

The geocoordinates provided in the paper are not precise, placing the type locality on land.  [details]

 Type locality

Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef (14º36'S, 145º38'E). [details]

 Type locality

Australia, Queensland, Outer Yonge Reef, Great Barrier Reef. [details]

 Type locality

Tasman Sea, Elisabeth Reef, reef flat near Yoshin Maru Iwaki wreck (29º55.48'S, 159º01.18'E). [details]

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