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Norlinder, Erika; Nygren, Arne; Wiklund, Helena; Pleijel, Fredrik. (2012). Phylogeny of scale-worms (Aphroditiformia, Annelida), assessed from 18SrRNA, 28SrRNA, 16SrRNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 65(2): 490-500.
10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.002 [view]
Norlinder, Erika; Nygren, Arne; Wiklund, Helena; Pleijel, Fredrik
Phylogeny of scale-worms (Aphroditiformia, Annelida), assessed from 18SrRNA, 28SrRNA, 16SrRNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
65(2): 490-500
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
The phylogeny of scale-worms, benthic polychaetes carrying dorsal scales (elytra), including taxa from Acoetidae, Aphroditidae, Eulepethidae, Pholoidae, Pholoididae, Polynoidae and Sigalionidae (Aphroditiformia), is assessed from the nuclear markers 18SrRNA and 28SrRNA, and mitochondrial 16SrRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and 24 morphological characters. The data sets are analyzed both separately and combined, with Bayesian analyses, maximum likelihood and parsimony. In total, 56 terminal taxa are examined, including 48 taxa from all scale-worm families, and eight out-group species. The results indicate that Aphroditidae and Eulepethidae are the most basally placed families among the scale-worms. The Pholoididae and Pisionidae are positioned within and synonymized with the Sigalionidae, and Pholoidae may be part of the same group. The subfamily Iphioninae falls out as sister group to a clade consisting of Polynoidae and Acoetidae and is elevated to Iphionidae. The families now included in the Aphroditiformia are Acoetidae, Aphroditidae, Eulepethidae, Pholoidae, Polynoidae, Iphionidae and Sigalionidae, and the subfamily name Harmothoinae and Acholoinae are treated as a junior synonyms of Polynoinae.
Molecular systematics, Molecular biology
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2019-01-24 17:25:34Z

Aphroditiformia (additional source)
Iphionidae Kinberg, 1856 (status source)
Pholoides Pruvot, 1895 (status source)
Pholoinae Kinberg, 1858 (status source)
Pisionidae Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Pisioninae Ehlers, 1901 (source of synonymy)
Thermiphione Hartmann-Schröder, 1992 (status source)

Raised from previous subfamily status (Iphioninae) within Polynoidae by Norlinder et al. (2012) [details]


Subfamily status as Pisioninae. Molecular reports on the position of Pisione and Pisionidae in 2012 and 2017 simply ... [details]


Willey (1902:263) stated that Polynoidae comprised three subfamilies, the Iphionina Savigny, Lepidonotina [new ... [details]


previously in Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996; assignment to Polynoinae fide Norlinder et al., 2012  [details]

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