The genus Litophyton Forskål, 1775 (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea, Nephtheidae) in the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean
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The Litophyton species of the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean are revised, which includes species
previously belonging to the genus Nephthea, which is synonymized with Litophyton. A neotype for both
Litophyton arboreum, the type species of Litophyton, and Nephthea chabrolii, the type species of Nephthea,
are designated. The new species L. curvum sp. n. is described and depicted, and a key to all Litophyton
species is provided. Of the 26 species previously described from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea,
13 species are considered valid and 13 have been synonymized or placed in other genera.