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San Martín, Guillermo. (2005). Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 57(1): 39-152.
23028
10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1438 [view]
San Martín, Guillermo
2005
Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species
Records of the Australian Museum
57(1): 39-152
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, which were deposited at the Australian Museum (Sydney), and at Museum Victoria as well as some specimens from Tasmania, have been examined and identified. Additionally material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Exogoninae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate some characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 74 species are reported from Australia belonging to 8 genera: Nooralia San Martín, 2002 (1 species); Salvatoria McIntosh, 1885 (7 species); Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (10 species); Erinaceusyllis n.gen. (10 species); Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863 (12 species); Brania Quatrefages, 1866 (3 species); Parapionosyllis Fauvel, 1923 (2 species); and Exogone Örsted, 1845 (29 species). A total of 22 new species are described: Salvatoria pilkena, S. koorineclavata, Prosphaerosyllis battiri, Erinaceusyllis cirripapillata, E. ettiennei, E. kathrynae, E. hartmannschroederae, Sphaerosyllis bardukaciculata, S. goorabantennata, S. voluntariorum, S. georgeharrisoni, Parapionosyllis winnunga, P. richardi, Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae, E. (P.) annamurrayae, E. (P.) penelopeae, E. (P.) wilsoni, Exogone (Exogone) koorenborongi, E. (E.) haswelli, E. (E.) ingridae, E. (E.) goorapuranga, E. (E.) arrakatarkoola. Additionally, 13 species are new records for Australia: Exogone (P.) homosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965b); E. (P.) wolfi San Martín, 1991a; E. (P.) caribensis San Martín, 1991; E. (P.) gambiae Lanera, Sordino & San Martín, 1994; Exogone (E.) longicornis Westheide, 1974; E. (E.) lourei Berkeley & Berkeley, 1938; E. (E.)breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959; E. (E.) dispar (Webster, 1879); E. (Sylline) naidinoides Westheide, 1974; Sphaerosyllis capensis Day, 1953; Prosphaerosyllis isabellae Nogueira, San Martín & Amaral, 2001; Erinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann- Schröder, 1974); and E. belizensis (Russell, 1989). The Australian records of Sphaerosyllis perspicax Ehlers, 1908, and S. sublaevis Ehlers, 1913 should be referred to other species, and are not included (see Ehlers, 1908; 1913). A general discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2014-04-13 02:24:03Z
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2015-02-10 16:17:00Z
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2020-06-04 14:28:26Z
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 Depth range

Eulittoral and sublittoral, down to 30 m depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 5 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 33 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to about 24 m depth.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 33 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 29 m.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 5 m. [details]

 Depth range

Eulittoral to 1 m depth.  [details]

 Diagnosis

Diagnosis by San Martín (2005: 73): "Body small to minute, more or less densely covered by papillae, usually ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Parapionosyllis is said to be almost identical to Brania, but having a single pair of tentacular cirri rather than ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales, Queensland, and Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: Western Africa (Angola). Indian Ocean: Eastern Africa (Tanzania); Australia (Western Australia). ... [details]

 Distribution

Circumtropical: El Salvador, Galapagos Islands, Hawaii, Samoa, Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales). Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (all states).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; South Australia; Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). Known only from the type locality. [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (New South Wales, Victoria).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales and Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; South Australia; Western Australia. Magellan Strait: Chile (Patagonia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (all states).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia, New South Wales).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia).  [details]

 Distribution

Australia (Western Australia). Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the distinct characteristic papillae on the dorsal cirri.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Mr. Ettienne Fourie.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour to Dr. Gesa Hartmann-Schröder, who reported and described many species of syllids ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Kathryn (Kate) Attwood, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from a combination of two Aboriginal words, arkoola, meaning hair, and arrakata, ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the combination of two Aboriginal words, goora, which means, amongst others, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of the late Professor William Aicheson Haswell (1854-1925), the first Australian ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Miss Ingrid Skirka, Sydney, Australia.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet is the combination of two Aboriginal words, kooren, meaning neck, and borongi, meaning dark, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Miss Anna Murray, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Patricia Hutchings, of the Australian Museum. [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Penelope (Penny) Berents, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Dr. Robin Wilson, of the Museum of Victoria.  [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to Mr. Richard Johnston, of the Australian Museum.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word winnunga, meaning small, minute.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aborigean word battiri, meaning rough.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from an Aboriginal word, Koorine, meaning 'daughter', in relation with the similarity ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet is an Aboriginal word, pilkena, meaning "different", due to the unique features of the species.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word barduk, maning "near", referring to the similarity of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named in honour of Mr. George Harrison (February 25, 1943 - November 29, 2001), ex-Beatle and one of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet derives from the Aboriginal word gooraba, meaning "big", in reference to the long antennae, ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is dedicated to thye volunteers of the Marine Invertebrate section of the Australian Museum, who sorted ... [details]

 Habitat

Fine sand with mud, algae, dead corals, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

mud in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Mud on shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

All kind of sediments.  [details]

 Habitat

Coral rubble, sponges, encrusting and coralline algae.  [details]

 Habitat

Fine to coarse sand.  [details]

 Habitat

On fine to coarse sediment, dead corals, and algae.  [details]

 Habitat

Sand and seagrasses, and amongst coralline algae, in shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Common on all shallow bottoms, on algae, sand, seagrasses, dead corals, mud, etc. [details]

 Habitat

On sessile invertebrate substrates such as sponges, bryozoans, and dead corals. [details]

 Habitat

On coarse sand, in moderate depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On coarse, medium and fine sand in moderate depths.  [details]

 Habitat

On sponges and algae washings.  [details]

 Habitat

Amongst Posidonia meadows and algae, and in dead corals, at shallow water.  [details]

 Habitat

Fine sand flat with ripple marks and plant debris (Avicennia mangrove 500 m away). Common on all shallow bottoms, ... [details]

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