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Böggemann, M. (2005). Revision of the Goniadidae. Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg. (Neue Folgen) 39: 1-354 [Goecke & Evers].
39061
Böggemann, M.
2005
Revision of the Goniadidae
Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg
(Neue Folgen) 39: 1-354 [Goecke & Evers]
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The Goniadidae KINBERG, 1865 are important widely distributed endopsammal benthic predators and occur from intertidal to abyssal depths. Larger species are popular subjects for ecological, physiological and biochemical studies and they are also used as fish bait for sport and commercial fisheries. Morphological data permitted the conclusion that Goniadidae and Glyceridae GRUBE, 1850 probably form a monophyletic unit called Glyceriformia FAUCHALD, 1977. Fossil jaws of both groups exist from the Triassic and a whole preserved specimen of putative Goniadidae is described from the Carboniferous. Within Glyceridae there are currently 42 recognized nominal species in three genera and the Goniadidae are currently divided into eight genera and 63 nominal species. This paper comprises the first revision of all worldwide described Goniadidae. Under the application of light and scanning electron microscopy most of the 115 described species and subspecies of Goniadidae are examined by their type material. Seven of these species (+ Alienites cuneatus KOZUR, 1967; + Alienites longidentatus KOZUR, 1967; + Goniada bakeri CHARLETTA & BOYER, 1974; + Goniada constricta KOZUR, 1971; + Goniada diversidentata SZANIAWSKI, 1974; + Goniada szaniawskii KOZUR in SZANIAWSKI, 1974 (= + Goniada multidentata KOZUR, 1971); + Pieckonia helenae THOMPSON, 1979) represent fossil taxa and are not further investigated. Glycera viridescens STIMPSON, 1954 seems to be a synonym of Goniada maculata ÖRSTED, 1843 and Lacydonia incognita RULLIER, 1965 might be a posterior fragment of Goniada congoensis GRUBE, 1877. Altogether, only 63 species (5 Bathyglycinde, 11 Glycinde, 31 Goniada, 6 Goniadella, 5 Goniadides, 3 Goniadopsis, 1 Ophiogoniada n. gen., 1 Progoniada) of the described 110 recent taxa are considered to be valid species, the others being synonyms, nomina dubia or nomina nuda. Nine of the valid taxa are herein described as new: Goniada bifida n. sp., Goniada corona n. sp., Goniada indooceanica n. sp., Goniada multichevronata n. sp., Goniada pseudofoliacea n. sp., Goniada rottnestensis n. sp., Goniadella katherineae n. sp., Goniadella tasmanensis n. sp., Goniadides madagascariensis n. sp.; the genus Ophioglycera is furthermore renamed as Ophiogoniada n. gen. About 5000 specimens from all over the world were studied and measured, and the 63 valid species together with one Goniadidae incertae sedis are described and illustrated in detail. Most of the drawings are based on light microscopy, but especially the proboscidial papillae were also studied using scanning electron microscopy to clarify their detailed structures and to avoid misinterpretations. A list of all taxa together with their synonyms and identification keys for all Goniadidae known to this date are also presented. Additionally all available biological and ecological data from the literature are listed.
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Bathyglycinde Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde cedroensis Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde cedroensis Fauchald, 1972 (source of synonymy)
Bathyglycinde mexicana Fauchald, 1972 (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde profunda (Hartman & Fauchald, 1971) (basis of record)
Bathyglycinde sibogana (Augener & Pettibone in Pettibone, 1970) (new combination reference)
Bathyglycinde stepaniantsae (Averincev, 1972) (new combination reference)
Glycinde armigera Moore, 1911 (basis of record)
Glycinde hanseni Kirkegaard, 1995 accepted as Bathyglycinde stepaniantsae (Averincev, 1972) (source of synonymy)
Glycinde nordmanni (Malmgren, 1866) (additional source)
Glycinde profunda Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 (source of synonymy)
Glycinde profunda Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 (basis of record)
Glycinde wireni Arwidsson, 1899 (basis of record)
Goniada annulata Moore, 1905 (basis of record)
Goniada annulata Moore, 1905 (source of synonymy)
Goniada beiraensis Kirkegaard, 1995 (basis of record)
Goniada beiraensis Kirkegaard, 1995 (source of synonymy)
Goniada brunnea Treadwell, 1906 (basis of record)
Goniada clavata Kirkegaard, 1995 (source of synonymy)
Goniada clavata Kirkegaard, 1995 (basis of record)
Goniada congoensis Grube, 1877 (basis of record)
Goniada gigantea (Verrill, 1885) (basis of record)
Goniada hexadentes Böggemann & Eibye-Jacobsen, 2002 (taxonomy source)
Goniada maculata Örsted, 1843 (additional source)
Goniada norvegica Örsted, 1845 (additional source)
Goniada teres Treadwell, 1931 (basis of record)
Goniada uncinigera Ehlers, 1901 (source of synonymy)
Goniada uncinigera Ehlers, 1901 (basis of record)
Goniadella revizee Rizzo & Amaral, 2004 (basis of record)
Goniadidae Kinberg, 1866 (identification resource)
Goniadidae Kinberg, 1866 (taxonomy source)
Ophioglycera gigantea Verrill, 1885 accepted as Goniada gigantea (Verrill, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Progoniada regularis Hartman, 1965 (additional source)


 Classification

Exact classification uncertain [details]

 Distribution

Figure 133 of Böggemann (2005: 227) maps the type locality of Glycinde bonhourei to Djibouti in the southern Red ... [details]

 Etymology

authors: Goniada bifida is "named for the presence of ventral proboscidial papillae with bifid tips." [details]

 Etymology

author: Goniada corona is named for "the crown-shaped papillae (Latin: "corona"). [details]

 Etymology

Goniada indooceanica is named for the Indian Ocean where collected [details]

 Etymology

Author: "name of the species refers to the large number of chevrons." [details]

 Etymology

author: Goniada pseudofoliacea is "named for its great similarity to G. foliacea Moore" [details]

 Etymology

named after Rottnest Island, where collected [details]

 Etymology

author: Goniadella katherineae is named "after Katherine M Gilbert, who first gave a description of it" [details]

 Etymology

Goniadella tasmanensis is named after the Tasman Sea [details]

 Identification

Not a lacydoniid? Based on a posterior fragment, possibly of a goniadid. Böggemann (2005:77-80) suggested the ... [details]

 Spelling

Original not seen, but 'bobrezkii' (not bobretzkii) as in Zool. Rec. Vol. 67 and in Böggemann (2005) is apparently ... [details]

 Status

Böggemann (2005) examined the type and reported the specimen is a very small form, probably a juvenile with ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Böggemann (2005) examined the type material and synonymised G. gurjanovae to Glycinde bonhourei from Djibouti, Red ... [details]

 Synonymy

Böggemann (2005) synonymised G. nipponica to Glycinde bonhourei from Djibouti, Red Sea, although its type locality ... [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Synonymy uncertain [details]

 Synonymy

Goniadella gracilis (Verrill, 1873) has a type locality of Massachusetts, but Böggemann (2005) synonymizes the ... [details]

 Taxonomy

The description and drawings of Audouin and Milne Edwards (1833) show that Goniada australensis is a Goniada ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Synonymy not certain [details]

 Taxonomy

Hartman (1945) moved the species to Glycinde, and Böggemann (2005: 219) reported the types as lost, but the name ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Lacharis remained monotypic for L crudelis. Hartman's comment about being partly eunicid applies only to the figure ... [details]

 Type locality

Gulf of Mexico [details]

 Type locality

North of Jubail, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

Banc du Pracel, near Chesterfield Island, Madagascar [details]

 Type locality

Port Pirie, Spencer Gulf, South Australia [details]

 Type locality

Near Chesterfield Island, Banc du Parcel, Madagascar [details]

 Type locality

Rottnest Island, Western Australia [details]

 Type locality

off the Apalachicola River, Florida coast of Gulf of Mexico [details]

 Type locality

near Point Ricardo, eastern Bass Strait, Victoria, Australia [details]

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