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Deep-Sea taxon details

Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842

123335  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123335)

accepted
Genus
Lophopteraster Verrill, 1895 (Synonym according to Fisher (1940))
Marsipaster Sladen, 1882 (Synonym according to Downey (1973).)
Retaster Perrier, 1878 (Subgenus according to Fisher (1940).)
Temnaster Verrill, 1894 (Synonym according to Fisher (1911))
Species Pteraster abyssorum (Verrill, 1895)
Species Pteraster acicula (Downey, 1970)
Species Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
Species Pteraster alveolatus Perrier, 1894
Species Pteraster caribbaeus Perrier, 1881
Species Pteraster coscinopeplus Fisher, 1910
Species Pteraster diaphanus (Ludwig, 1905)
Species Pteraster gibber (Sladen, 1882)
Species Pteraster hirsutus (Sladen, 1882)
Species Pteraster hystrix Harvey, 1989
Species Pteraster jordani Fisher, 1905
Species Pteraster koehleri A.M. Clark, 1962
Species Pteraster militarioides H.L. Clark, 1941
Species Pteraster militaris (O.F. Müller, 1776)
Species Pteraster obesus H.L. Clark, 1908
Species Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891)
Species Pteraster personatus Sladen, 1891
Species Pteraster pulvillus M. Sars, 1861
Species Pteraster reticulatus Fisher, 1906
Species Pteraster robertsoni McKnight, 1973
Species Pteraster rugosus H.L. Clark, 1941
Species Pteraster spinosissimus (Sladen, 1882)
Species Pteraster stellifer Sladen, 1882
Species Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888

Subgenus Pteraster (Temnaster) Verrill, 1894 accepted as Temnaster Verrill, 1894 accepted as Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842 (synonym)
Species Pteraster argentinus Bernasconi, 1935 accepted as Pteraster affinis lebruni Perrier, 1891 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962) and Bernasconi (1964).)
Species Pteraster marplatensis Bernasconi, 1935 accepted as Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962) & confirmed by Bernasconi (1964).)
Species Pteraster reductus Koehler, 1907 accepted as Pteraster personatus Sladen, 1891 (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. <em>Vieweg: Braunschweig.</em> xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of...  
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of webbing on the oral spines as of supraspecific weight but Downey (1992) does not agree and treats Pteraster stoibe H.L. Clark (1941) without webbing, as a subspecies of P. militaroides, which does have webs linking the oral spines of each plate. Downey notes that the absence of webbing in the holotype of stoibe might be an artefact of preservation but in other species of Apterodon, this appears to be the natural condition.

As a compromise, rather then segregate the species listed as Pteraster (Retaster) and Pteraster (Apterodon) by Fisher (1940) or subsequently referred to these subgenera, all are included under the heading of Pteraster[details]
Mah, C.L. (2021). World Asteroidea Database. Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123335 on 2021-10-23
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123335 on 2021-10-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-19 09:31:50Z
changed
2008-10-25 03:22:57Z
changed

original description Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. <em>Vieweg: Braunschweig.</em> xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Retaster Perrier, 1878) Sladen, W.P. (1889). Report on the Asteroidea. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 30 (part 51): xlii + 893 pages, 118 plates., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-51/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Marsipaster Sladen, 1882) Sladen, W.P. (1882) The Asteroidea of H.M.S. <i>Challenger</i> Expedition, pt. 1. Pterasteridae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 16: 189-246, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31982430
page(s): 202 [details]   

original description  (of Pteraster (Temnaster) Verrill, 1894) Verrill, A. E. (1894). Descriptions of new species of starfishes and ophiurans, with a revision of certain species formerly described; mostly from the collections made by the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 17(1000), 245-297., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15675247
page(s): 275 [details]   

original description  (of Lophopteraster Verrill, 1895) Verrill, A.E. (1895). Distribution of the Echinoderms of Northeastern America. <em>American Journal of Science.</em> ser. 3 v.49: 199-212., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40168844
page(s): 202 [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hansson, H. G. (1998). NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): Scandinavian Echinodermata Check-List (Comp.). , available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/neat_pdf/NEAT*Echinodermata.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A. M. (1996). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 3. Velatida and Spinulosida. <em>In: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies.</em> 5: 183-250. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of webbing on the oral spines as of supraspecific weight but Downey (1992) does not agree and treats Pteraster stoibe H.L. Clark (1941) without webbing, as a subspecies of P. militaroides, which does have webs linking the oral spines of each plate. Downey notes that the absence of webbing in the holotype of stoibe might be an artefact of preservation but in other species of Apterodon, this appears to be the natural condition.

As a compromise, rather then segregate the species listed as Pteraster (Retaster) and Pteraster (Apterodon) by Fisher (1940) or subsequently referred to these subgenera, all are included under the heading of Pteraster[details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English slime stars  [details]
Japanese マクヒトデ属  [details]
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