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Deep-Sea taxon details

Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833

129404  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129404)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Onuphis (Nothria)
Species Onuphis affinis Hilbig, 1995
Species Onuphis eremita Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
Species Onuphis geophiliformis (Moore, 1903)
Species Onuphis iridescens (Johnson, 1901)
Species Onuphis mexicana (Fauchald, 1968)
Species Onuphis opalina (Verrill, 1873)
Species Onuphis pallida (Moore, 1911)
Species Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972
Species Onuphis rullieriana (Amoureux, 1977)
Species Onuphis vibex (Fauchald, 1972)

Species Onuphis acapulcensis Rioja, 1944 accepted as Hirsutonuphis acapulcensis (Rioja, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis cobra Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Nothria cobra (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Anchinothria cobra (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis conchylega Sars, 1835 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (basionym)
Species Onuphis crassisetosa Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Nothria crassisetosa (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Anchinothria pycnobranchiata (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis heterodentata Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972 (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis investigatoris Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Kinbergonuphis investigatoris (Fauvel, 1932) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis paucibranchis (Ehlers, 1908) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis proalopus Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Kinbergonuphis proalopus (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis quadricuspis M. Sars, 1872 accepted as Paradiopatra quadricuspis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis vexillaria Moore, 1911 accepted as Kinbergonuphis vexillaria (Moore, 1911) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). [Part 2.] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> sér. 1, 28: 187-247., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6096524
page(s): 225; note: for Onuphis emerita, a new species [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see   
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see http://logeion.uchicago.edu/Onuphis). However, it is also said (William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology) that Onuphis was a sacred bull, who was worshipped at Hermonthis in Upper Egypt, and also that Onuphis was a high priest of Heliopolis. Alternatively Arias and Paxton (2014) suggested that “The term “onuphis” is derived from the ancient Greek, ‘on’ meaning sun and ‘ophis’ meaning snake. The onuphid serpentine shape along with its iridescent colouration, commonly golden or opaline, account for the etymology of its name”. They did not provide original sources for the derivation of these suggestions or explain the difference in spellings. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129404 on 2021-12-06
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2021). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129404 on 2021-12-06
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
changed
2008-02-28 11:07:56Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-09-02 01:19:23Z
changed
2018-10-01 02:21:01Z
changed

original description Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). [Part 2.] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> sér. 1, 28: 187-247., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6096524
page(s): 225; note: for Onuphis emerita, a new species [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Arias, Andrés. (2016). <em>Onuphis </em>and <em>Mooreonuphis</em> (Annelida: Onuphidae) from West Africa with the description of three new species and the reinstatement of <em>O. landanaensis</em> Augener, 1918. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4168(3): 481-511., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4168.3.3 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see http://logeion.uchicago.edu/Onuphis). However, it is also said (William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology) that Onuphis was a sacred bull, who was worshipped at Hermonthis in Upper Egypt, and also that Onuphis was a high priest of Heliopolis. Alternatively Arias and Paxton (2014) suggested that “The term “onuphis” is derived from the ancient Greek, ‘on’ meaning sun and ‘ophis’ meaning snake. The onuphid serpentine shape along with its iridescent colouration, commonly golden or opaline, account for the etymology of its name”. They did not provide original sources for the derivation of these suggestions or explain the difference in spellings. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine. Although classical mentions of Onuphis are in reference to male Egyptian entities (eg a priest and a bull), Audouin & Milne Edwards, for reasons unknown today, treated it as feminine by naming the type species 'emerita', not 'emeritus'. Other contemporary authors followed this choice, and Fauchald overtly continued this feminine gender consistency with his new genera, Kinbergonuphis, Sarsonuphis, & Mooreonuphis, although the names honour male biologists. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
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