Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 317-318 [details]
(of Ehlersia Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 32-33 [details]
(of Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879) Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240737
page(s): 526, 528-529 [details]
(of Syllis (Langerhansia) Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1881). Materialia ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes [Second part]. <em>Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody).</em> 56(2): 338-420, 1 plate., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41340542
page(s): 402; note: Langerhansia is named as a subgenus of Syllis for two new species, valida and bioculata [details]
(of Syllis (Typosyllis) Langerhans, 1879) Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240737
page(s): 528-529 [details]
Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]
Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS) [details]
San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. <em>In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid.</em> p 1-554. [details]
Savigny, Jules-César. (1822). Système des annélides, principalement de celles des côtes de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, offrant les caractères tant distinctifs que naturels des Ordres, Familles et Genres, avec la Description des Espèces. <em>Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française, publié par les Ordres de sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand, Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 1(3):1–128., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41329897
page(s): 43-44 [details]
From editor or global species database
Authority The taxon authority has long erroneously included Savigny. However, this inclusion is a misguided practice intended to give Savigny credit, rather than apply the ICZN Code. It is true that Lamarck published the name based on the mention of Syllis monilaris in the unpublished Fauna de Egypte manuscripts (the "Sav.Mss" in Lamarck), but Lamarck's description of Syllis is solely his own work. As noted by Lucas & Holthuis (1975) in another context "nowhere in the "Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres" have we been able to find a statement to the effect that the annelid text is written by anyone else than Lamarck. All through the Annelid part Lamarck cites himself as "je," "moi," etc., while he refers to Savigny as " M . Savigny" whom he often criticizes and whose classification he does not adopt." A contrary view with extensive commentary and historical detail is presented by Álvarez-Campos, Gil & San Martín (2015: 318). These authors cite Code Article 50 (section 50.1.1) in support of their view. However, this section requires Savigny alone to be the author of the text, and this is demonstrably not the case. Due to circumstance, Savigny had no involvement in the composition of Lamarck's text, and the final version of Savigny's text published in 1822 refers back to Lamarck's work. It is unclear if the unpublished "Sav.Mss", are still extant at the Paris Museum for comparison, taxon by taxon to shed further light on the matter. [details]
Etymology Syllis, also known as Hyllis, is the name of a nymph in Greek mythology, being daughter of Hyllus and Iole, and mother of Zeuxippus by Apollo. [details]
Grammatical gender feminine. Syllis is a Greek female name [details]
Taxonomy San Martin (1992) included these genera as junior synonyms in Syllis: Ioida Johnston, 1840, Lalage F. Muller, 1858, Trichosyllis Schmarda, 1861, Gnatosyllis Schmarda, 1861, Aporosyllis Quatrefages, 1865, Pagenstecheria Quatrefages, 1865, Chaetosyllis Malmgren, 1867, Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879, Ehlersia Quatrefages, 1865 (in part), Langerhansia Czerniavsky, 1881, Thoe Kinberg, 1866.
San Martin (1992:169) also stated: "Syllis is one of most difficult genera taxonomically of the Syllidae due to: the great diversity of the genus, with a large number of described species, the lack of good and detailed descriptions following uniform patterns, the lack of revisionary studies and redescriptions of old species, and the confusion existing in the generic nomenclature. As a result, Syllis is a genus with problems of nomenclature, with many described species and, for the most part, the descriptions are inadequate and incomplete. According to Campoy (1982), most of the described species are actually indeterminable.
Syllis was created by Savigny (1818, in Lamarck) [But see authority note]. Langerhans (1879) split the genus into four subgenera: Haplosyllis Langerhans, with only simple setae; Typosyllis Langerhans, with compound falcigers; Syllis Savigny in Lamarck, with some thick simple setae, together with compound falcigers; and Ehlersia Quatrefages, with spinigerous setae (see below) and falcigers. Fauvel (1923) adopted the division by Langerhans; followed by Bellan (1964), Amoureux (1972a; 1972b); Haswell (1920); Peres (1954); Rullier (1963; 1972); Uschakov (1955). Many others considered each subgenus as a true genus, as Rioja (1962, and other papers); Laubier (1966); Westheide (1974) and Fauchald (1977a). Hartman (1959) proposed the change of Ehlersia ex. auct. to Langerhansia Czerniavsky, 1881; however, not all authors followed this proposal; many authors continued using the name Ehlersia and others used Langerhansia, either as a genus or as a subgenus.
The following authorities used the genus Syllis divided into four subgenera (Haplosyllis, Syllis, Langerhansia and Typosyllis): Cantone (1976); Day (1967; 1973); Gardiner (1976); Hartman (1959; 1969, and other papers); Imajima (1966) and Imajima and Hartman (1964). The following authorities used Haplosyllis, Syllis, Langerhansia and Typosyllis as true genera: Amoureux (1982); Amoureux et at (1978); George (1979) and Campoy (1982). Furthermore, many other authors used different combinations. Augener (1913; 1918); Rioja (1941); and Verrill (1900) used Haplosyllis as a genus, and Syllis split into three subgenera, Syllis, Typosyllis and Ehlersia. Ben-Eliahu (1977) used Langerhansia as a genus, and Haplosyllis, Typosyllis and Syllis as subgenera of Syllis. Berkeley and Berkeley (1938), Cognetti (1957) and Pettibone (1963) used the genus Syllis not divided into any subgenera. Berkeley and Berkeley (1948) accepted Ehlersia as a subgenus. Hartmann-Schröder (1965; 1971; 1979, and later), and Gillandt (1979), used three genera, Syllis, Haplosyllis and Typosyllis, the last one divided into two subgenera: Typosyllis and Langerhansia. Finally, Dorsey and Phillips (1987) discussed the problem between Typosyllis and Ehlersia, and they considered the most accurate difference the relative lengths of the setal appendages.
San Martin (1984) proposed Haplosyllis as a separate genus, with relatively little relation with Syllis. "In my opinion, the division of Syllis into Typosyllis, Ehlersia or Langerhansia, and Syllis, both as subgenera or genera, is an artificial division and it has been followed for practical reasons more than scientific ones."
From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
Type species Type species S. monilaris Savigny 1818 in Fauchald,1977. [details]