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WoRMS taxon details

Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775)

207413  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207413)

accepted
Species
Cyphastraea danae (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea forskaelana (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea forskaliana (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea gibbosa (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea hemprichana (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea incrustans (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea maldivensis Gardiner, 1904 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea serailia (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Cyphastraea serailia var. maldivensis Gardiner, 1905 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastraea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea conferta Nemenzo, 1959 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea hemprichiana (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea incrustans (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea laticostata Nemenzo, 1971 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Cyphastrea serialis (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling
Cyphastrea suvadivae (Gardiner, 1904) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Solenastrea forskaelana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Solenastrea forskaeliana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Solenastrea forskaliana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Solenastrea gibbosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Solenastrea hemprichana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Solenastrea hemprichiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Solenastrea sarcinula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice...  
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207413 on 2024-07-24
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-08 06:57:57Z
changed
2007-05-16 17:38:43Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2018-05-31 16:09:18Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed
2019-10-19 10:35:41Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed
2022-05-20 17:56:48Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Cyphastrea conferta Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cyphastrea danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12403706 [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastraea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner JS. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastraea maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner JS. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea laticostata Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea hemprichiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1) (suite). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 12, 3, 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea gibbosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1) (suite). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 12, 3, 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea forskaelana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1) (suite). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 12, 3, 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea sarcinula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1) (suite). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 12, 3, 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (HKRMS) Ang, P. O.; McCorry, D.; Si, C. C. L. (2003). Establishing a reference collection and field guides for Hong Kong scleractinian coral. <em>Final report submitted to the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.</em>  [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Dawson EW. (1992). The Coelenterata of the New Zealand region: a handlist for curators, students and ecologists. <em>Occasional papers of the Hutton Foundation, New Zealand.</em> 1: 1-68.
page(s): 48 [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 28 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 133 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1955). Recent and subfossil corals of Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Queensland. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Geology.</em> 4 (10): 1-18, pls. 1-3.
page(s): 5, 14 [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 17, 20, 26 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 24 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T. (1935). Revised list of the reef-corals from the Japanese seas and of the fossil reef corals of the raised reefs and the Ryukyu limestone of Japan. <em>Journal of the Geological Society of Japan.</em> 42: 379-403.
page(s): 381, 388, 393 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 90 [details]   

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1980) Indo-Pacific coral species belonging to the subfamily Montastreinae Vaughan and Wells, 1943 (Scleractinia-Coelenterata) part II: The genera Cyphastrea, Leptastrea, Echinopora and Diploastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 55: 235-263. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24.
page(s): 76, 114 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 32 [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59. [details]   

additional source Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100.
page(s): 10, 36, 40, 115, 116-117 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 27, 113 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 207 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 242-243 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). <em>U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper.</em> 260(I): 385-486.
page(s): 394, 397, 463-464 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 25, 1-2, 78-90.
page(s): 87 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 89, 113 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 3, 10, 14, 21, 82, 83, 84 [details]   

additional source Chukaew T, Isomura N, Mezaki T, Matsumoto H, Kitano YF, Nozawa Y, Tachikawa H, Fukami H. (2023). Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Coral Genus Cyphastrea (Cnidaria, Scleractinia, Merulinidae) in Japan, With the First Records of Two Species. <em>Zoological Science.</em> 40(4)., available online at https://doi.org/10.2108/zs230009 [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

Nontype (of Cyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886) BMNH, geounit Vietnamese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Cyphastraea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904) IGPS 39822, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 38582, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 38894, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 39289, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 39291, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 39350, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 39373, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40293, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40299, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40306, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40307, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40318, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40320, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40327, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40428, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40429, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40430, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40447, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 40911, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 41387, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 44654, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48261, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 48795, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 49301, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 53060, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8648, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 10-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 113-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 136-58, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 13-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 14-76, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 184-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 1-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 209-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 210-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 211-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 212-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 214-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 215-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 224-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 225-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 23-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 242-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 273-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 28-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 30-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 30-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 31-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 342-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 3-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 365-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 367-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 373-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 374-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 374-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 375-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 377-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 378-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 379-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 380-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 381-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 382-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 383-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 384-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 385-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 387-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 390-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 395-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 39-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 400-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 401-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 403-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 405-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 406-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 406-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 407-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 407-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 408-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 408-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 409-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 435-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 436-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 437-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 438-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 439-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 441-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 445-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 472-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 473-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 474-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 475-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 476-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 477-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 486-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 569-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 571-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 597-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 60-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 61-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 65-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 690-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 711-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 71-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 759-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 77-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 830-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 834-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 885-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 890-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 901-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 942-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 9-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype (of Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775) MNB [details]
Syntype (of Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775) UMBB [details]
Syntype (of Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775) ZMH [details]
Unknown type IMC M. 6110/1 [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Spelling Spelled C. sairailia in Faure, G. (1977 ), C. serialia in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986).
C. serailia is spelled as C. serialis in Macnae&Kalk,1958. [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
English lesser knob coral  [details]
Japanese マダラトゲキクメシ [from synonym]フカトゲキクメイシ  [details]
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