Hydrozoa taxon details

Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758)

117832  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117832)

accepted
Species
Armenista sigmoides Haeckel, 1888 · unaccepted (synonym)
Medusa pocillum Montagu, 1815 · unaccepted (synonym)
Medusa velella Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (basionym)
Rataria cordata Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Rataria mitrata Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella antarctica Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella aurora Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella australis de Haan, 1827 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella caurina Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella cyanea Lesson, 1826 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella indica Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella limbosa Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella meridionalis Fewkes, 1889 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella mutica Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella oblonga Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (synonym)
Velella oxyothone Brandt, 1835 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella pacifica de Haan, 1827 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella patellaris Brandt, 1835 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella radackiana de Haan, 1827 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella sandwichiana de Haan, 1827 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella tentaculata Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella tropica Eschscholtz, 1829 · unaccepted (synonym)
Velella vella (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (misspelling)
marine, terrestrial
(of Medusa velella Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 660 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Description Resembles Porpita but with triangular sail on upper surface, to 4 cm. Colour blue. Habitat: floating on sea surface....  
Description Resembles Porpita but with triangular sail on upper surface, to 4 cm. Colour blue. Habitat: floating on sea surface. Distribution: pantropical (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Schuchert, P. (2024). World Hydrozoa Database. Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hydrozoa/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117832 on 2024-04-13
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

original description  (of Velella lata Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) Chamisso Adelbertus de & Eysenhardt Carolus Guilelmus (1821). De animalibus quibusdam e classe vermium Linneana, in circumnavigatione Terrae, auspicante Comite N. Romanoff, duce Ottone di Kotzebue, annis 1815-1818 peracta, observatis Fasciculus secundus, reliquos vermes continens. <i>Nova Acta physico-medica Academiae Cesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae 10</i>: 343-373, Plates 24 to 33., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37020829
page(s): 364, pl. 32 fig. 3 A-B [details]   

original description  (of Medusa velella Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 660 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Velella mutica Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 355 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella tentaculata Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 355 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella scaphidia Peron & Lesueur, 1807) Péron, F. [& L. Freycinet]. (1807-1816). <i>Voyage de découvertes aux Terres Australes, exécuté par ordre de sa Majesté l'Empereur et Roi,. ... pendant les années 1800. 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804</i>. Paris. I: xv + 496 pp. [1807]; II: xxxi + 471 pp. [1816]; Atlas, 65 pls & maps. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.44096
page(s): pl. 30 figs 6, 6a. [details]   

original description  (of Medusa pocillum Montagu, 1815) Montagu G. (1816). An account of some new and rare marine British shells and animals. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 11(2): 179-204, pls 12-14 ["1815"; 24 January 1816]., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/756731
page(s): 201, pl. 14 fig. 4. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella limbosa Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. <em>Paris. Verdière.</em> Vol. 2 pp. 1-568., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698
page(s): 482 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella pyramidalis Cranch in Tuckey, 1818) Tuckey, J. K. (1818). A general notice of the animals taken by Mr. John Cranch, during the expedition to explore the source of the River Zaire. Appendix 4 [pp. 407-419]. <em>In: Narrative of an expedition to explore the river Zaire, usually called the Congo, in south Africa, in 1816. John Murray, London.</em> i-lxxxii + 1-498, 14 pls. [Fishes are on pp. 409-410 by W. E. Leach.].
page(s): 419 (author of name: Cranch) [details]   

original description  (of Velella oblonga Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) Chamisso Adelbertus de & Eysenhardt Carolus Guilelmus (1821). De animalibus quibusdam e classe vermium Linneana, in circumnavigatione Terrae, auspicante Comite N. Romanoff, duce Ottone di Kotzebue, annis 1815-1818 peracta, observatis Fasciculus secundus, reliquos vermes continens. <i>Nova Acta physico-medica Academiae Cesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae 10</i>: 343-373, Plates 24 to 33., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37020829
page(s): 364, pl. 32, fig. 2 A-C. [details]   

original description  (of Velella sinistra Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) Chamisso Adelbertus de & Eysenhardt Carolus Guilelmus (1821). De animalibus quibusdam e classe vermium Linneana, in circumnavigatione Terrae, auspicante Comite N. Romanoff, duce Ottone di Kotzebue, annis 1815-1818 peracta, observatis Fasciculus secundus, reliquos vermes continens. <i>Nova Acta physico-medica Academiae Cesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae 10</i>: 343-373, Plates 24 to 33., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37020829
page(s): 363, pl. 32 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (of Velella emarginata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Quoy, J. R. C.; Gaimard, J. P. (1824-1826). Zoologie. In: L. de Freycinet (ed.),. <em>Voyage au tour du monde fait par ordre du roi, sur les corvettes de S. M: l'Uranie et la Physicienne pendant les années 1817 à 1820.</em> iv + 712 pp. [pp. 1-328, 1824; 329-616, 1825; 617-664, 1826]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40871044
page(s): 586, pl. 86 fig. 9. [details]   

original description  (of Velella cyanea Lesson, 1826) Duperrey, L.-I.; Arthus Bertrand (Firm); Bory de Saint-Vincent; Brongniart, A.; Dumont d'Urville, J.-S.-C.; Garnot, P.; Guérin-Méneville, F.-É.; Lesson, R. P.; ;. (1825-1830). Voyage autour du monde : exécuté par ordre du roi, sur la corvette de Sa Majesté, la Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824, et 1825. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/57936
page(s): Zoophytes, pl. 6, fig. 3, 4. [details]   

original description  (of Velella australis de Haan, 1827) de Haan, W. 1827. Verhandeling over de Rangschikking der Velellen, Porpiten und Physalien. Bijdragen tot de Natuurkundige Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 2: 489-503., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16107302
page(s): 489 [details]   

original description  (of Velella pacifica de Haan, 1827) de Haan, W. 1827. Verhandeling over de Rangschikking der Velellen, Porpiten und Physalien. Bijdragen tot de Natuurkundige Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 2: 489-503., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16107302
page(s): 490 [details]   

original description  (of Velella radackiana de Haan, 1827) de Haan, W. 1827. Verhandeling over de Rangschikking der Velellen, Porpiten und Physalien. Bijdragen tot de Natuurkundige Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 2: 489-503., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16107302
page(s): 490 [details]   

original description  (of Velella sandwichiana de Haan, 1827) de Haan, W. 1827. Verhandeling over de Rangschikking der Velellen, Porpiten und Physalien. Bijdragen tot de Natuurkundige Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 2: 489-503., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16107302
page(s): 491; note: De Haan (1827) refers to Esch[sc]holtz for this name, but Eschscholtz di apparently not introduce this name. [details]   

original description  (of Rataria cordata Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 167, pl. 16 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (of Rataria mitrata Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 168, pl. 16 fig. 2 [details]   

original description  (of Velella aurora Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 171 [details]   

original description  (of Velella septentrionalis Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 171, pl. 15 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (of Velella caurina Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 173; pl. 15, fig. 2 [details]   

original description  (of Velella tropica Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 171, pl. 15 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (of Velella indica Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 175; pl. 15, fig. 5 [details]   

original description  (of Velella antarctica Eschscholtz, 1829) Eschscholtz, F. (1829). System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10665047
page(s): 175 [details]   

original description  (of Velella patellaris Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1834-1835). Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio observatorum : fascic. I. Polypos, Acalephas Discophoras et Siphonophoras, nec non Echinodermata continens. <em>Recueil des Actes de la Séance Publique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg.</em> 1834: 201-275., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10765514
page(s): 238 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella oxyothone Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1834-1835). Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio observatorum : fascic. I. Polypos, Acalephas Discophoras et Siphonophoras, nec non Echinodermata continens. <em>Recueil des Actes de la Séance Publique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg.</em> 1834: 201-275., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10765514
page(s): 239 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella oxyothone var. brachyothone Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1834-1835). Prodromus descriptionis animalium ab H. Mertensio observatorum : fascic. I. Polypos, Acalephas Discophoras et Siphonophoras, nec non Echinodermata continens. <em>Recueil des Actes de la Séance Publique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg.</em> 1834: 201-275., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10765514
page(s): 239 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Velella meridionalis Fewkes, 1889) Fewkes, J. W. (1889). New invertebrata from the coast of California. <em>Bulletin of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 21(7,8,9): 99-146, plates 1-7., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11711150
page(s): 112, pl. 1 figs 1-3, pl. 2 fig. 3. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Armenista sigmoides Haeckel, 1888) Haeckel, E. (1888). Report on the Siphonophorae. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 28 (part 77): i-viii, 1-380, pl. 1-50., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3155485
page(s): 84, pl. 43 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Morton, B. & Morton, J. (1983). <i>The sea shore ecology of Hong Kong</i>. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. 350 pp.  [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Calder, D. R. (1988). Shallow-water hydroids of Bermuda. The Athecatae. <em>Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Contributions.</em> 148: 1-107. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Bouillon, J.; Boero, F. (2000). Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hydromedusae of the world, with a list of the worldwide species. <i>Thalassia Salent. 24</i>: 47-296 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Calder, D. R. and S. D. Cairns. 2009. Hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 381–394 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Schuchert, P. (2010). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 2. <em>Revue Suisse de Zoologie.</em> 117: 337-555., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/117793
page(s): 476 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Calder, D. R. (1988). Shallow-water hydroids of Bermuda. The Athecatae. <em>Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Contributions.</em> 148: 1-107.
page(s): 81 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Description Resembles Porpita but with triangular sail on upper surface, to 4 cm. Colour blue. Habitat: floating on sea surface. Distribution: pantropical (Richmond, 1997). [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch bezaantje  [details]
English Jack sail-by-the-windby-the-wind-sailor  [details]
French vélelle  [details]