Hydrozoa taxon details

Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

135479  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135479)

accepted
Species
Arethusa caravella Oken, 1815 · unaccepted (synonym)
Holothuria physalis Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (basionym)
Holothuria velificans Osbeck, 1765 · unaccepted (synonym)
Medusa utriculus Gmelin, 1788 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalia australis Péron, 1807 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalia glauca Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalia pelagica Lamarck, 1801 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalia pelasgica Bosc, 1802 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalia utriculus (Gmelin, 1788) · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis afer Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis arethusa Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis cornuta Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis elongata Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis glauca Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis lamartinieri Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis megalista Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis osbeckii Tilesius, 1810 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis pelagica (Lamarck, 1801) · unaccepted (synonym)
Physalis tuberculosa Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonym)
Physsophora physalis (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Holothuria physalis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 657 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Schuchert, P. (2022). World Hydrozoa Database. Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hydrozoa/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135479 on 2022-08-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-20 13:22:59Z
checked
2013-12-28 13:28:42Z
changed
2021-05-28 05:40:56Z
changed

original description  (of Physalia pelagica Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck, J. B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 356 [details]   

original description  (of Medusa utriculus Gmelin, 1788) Gmelin J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3155 [details]   

original description  (of Physalia pelasgica Bosc, 1802) Bosc, L.A.G. (1802). Histoire Naturelle des Vers : contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature. <em>Guilleminet, Paris, chez Deterville.</em> 3 vols. 324 pp. + pls. 1-10; 300 pp. + pls. 11-25; 270 pp. + pls. 26-32. 1-324., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41758184
page(s): vol. 2, p. 165 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Physalia australis Péron, 1807) Péron, F. [& L. Freycinet]. (1807-1816). <i>Voyage de découvertes aux Terres Australes, exécuté par ordre de sa Majesté l'Empereur et Roi,. ... pendant les années 1800. 1801, 1802, 1803 et 1804</i>. Paris. I: xv + 496 pp. [1807]; II: xxxi + 471 pp. [1816]; Atlas, 65 pls & maps. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/item/95867; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30581262
page(s): 210 [details]   

original description  (of Physalia megalista Lesueur & Petit, 1807) Lesueur, C. A.; Petit, N. (1807). Voyage de découvertes aus terres Australes exécuté par ordre de S. M. l'Empereur et Roi. <em>Imprimé par Langlois, Paris.</em> Part 1. 40 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30581262
page(s): Plate 29, figures 1-2. [details]   

original description  (of Physalis tuberculosa Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Physalis megalista Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Physalis elongata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Holothuria physalis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 657 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Holothuria velificans Osbeck, 1765) Osbeck, P. (1765). Reise nach Ostindien und China. Nebst O. Toreens Reise nach Suratte und C.G. Ekebergs Nachrict von der Landwirthschaft der Chineser. Aus dem Schwedischen übersetzi von J.G. Georgi. Rostock. 552 p. , available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN367177544 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Totton, A. K. (1936). Plankton of the Bermuda Oceanographic Expeditions VII. Siphonophora taken during the year 1931. Zoologica, 21: 231-240 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Calder, D. (2003). Checklist of Hydroids, hydromedusae and siphonophores reported from the Bay of Fundy.  [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Pugh, P. R. & Gasca, R. (2009). Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 395–402. In: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. <em>Biodiversity.</em> Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

source of synonymy Pugh, P. R. (2019). Two new species of <em>Bargmannia</em> (Pyrostephidae, Physonectae, Siphonophorae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4686(1): 74-82., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4686.1.3
page(s): 85 [details]   

source of synonymy Pugh, P. R. (2019a). A history of the sub-order Cystonectae (Hydrozoa: Siphonophorae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4669(1): 1-91., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4669.1.1 [details]   

redescription Totton, A. K. (1960). Studies on Physalia physalis (L.). Part 1. Natural History and morphology. <em>Discovery Reports.</em> 30: 301-368., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5609085 [details]   

ecology source Totton, A. K. (1960). Studies on Physalia physalis (L.). Part 1. Natural History and morphology. <em>Discovery Reports.</em> 30: 301-368., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5609085 [details]   

ecology source Kirkpatrick, P.A.; Pugh, P.R. (1984). Siphonophores and velellids: keys and notes for the identification of the species. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 29. E.J. Brill/W. Backhuys: London, UK. ISBN 90-04-07470-8. vi, 154 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

biology source Munro, C.; Vue, Z.; Behringer, R. R.; Dunn, C. W. (2019). Morphology and development of the Portuguese man of war, Physalia physalis. <em>Scientific Reports.</em> 9(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51842-1 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Original Combination Holothuria physalis Linnaeus, 1758: 657 [details]

Original Combination Holothuria physalis Linnaeus, 1758: 657 [details]
LanguageName 
Catalan fragata portuguesacaravel·la portuguesa  [details]
Dutch Portugees oorlogsschip  [details]
English Portuguese man-of-warPortuguese man o’ warbluebottle  [details]
French vessie de mergalère portugaise  [details]
German Portugiesische Galeere  [details]
Italian caravella portoghese  [details]
Spanish carabela portuguesabotella azul  [details]