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Nygren, Arne. (2004). Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta). Zootaxa. 680: 1-314.
Nygren, Arne
Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta)
680: 1-314
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). Monograph
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Autolytinae is revised based on available types, and newly collected specimens. Out of 170 nominal species, 18 are considered as incertae sedis, 43 are regarded as junior synonyms, and 25 are referred to as nomina dubia. The relationships of Autolytinae is assessed from 51 morphological characters and 211 states for 76 ingroup-taxa, and 460 molecular characters from mitochondrial 16S rDNA and nuclear 18S rDNA for 31 ingroup-taxa; outgroups include 12 non-autolytine syllid polychaetes. Two analyses are provided, one including morphological data only, and one with combined morphological and molecular data sets. The resulting strict consensus tree from the combined data is chosen for a reclassification. Three main clades are identified: Procerini trib. n., Autolytini Grube, 1850, and Epigamia gen. n. Proceraea Ehlers, 1864 and Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 are referred to as nomen protectum, while Scolopendra Slabber, 1781, Podonereis Blainville, 1818, Amytis Savigny, 1822, Polynice Savigny, 1822, and Nereisyllis Blainville, 1828 are considered nomina oblita. The following new generic synonymies are introduced: Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845, senior synonym to Autolytus Grube, 1850; Pterautolytus Ehlers, 1907, and Regulatus Imajima, 1966, both junior synonyms to Proceraea Ehlers, 1864; and Autosyllis Imajima & Hartman, 1964, junior synonym to Virchowia Langerhans, 1879. The following new genera are described: Epigamia, Pachyprocerastea, Planicirrata, Paraproceraea, and Imajimaea. The following new species are described: Proceraea pleijeli from the Atlantic coast of Spain, Proceraea paraurantiaca from the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of France and Spain, and Proceraea hanssoni and Myrianida flava from Washington State, U.S.A. Proceraea madeirensis constitutes a new name for P. fasciata Langerhans, 1879 and 50 new combinations are introduced. Additionally, a number of species-level synonymies are proposed. Phylogenetic name definitions are given in parallel to a Linnean classification. Corresponding author: Arne Nygren, E-mail: 
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-05-15 02:07:32Z
2017-11-16 15:37:58Z

Autolytinae Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)
Autolytini Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)
Autolytus Grube, 1850 accepted as Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (source of synonymy)
Autolytus alexandri Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (new combination reference)
Autolytus brachycephalus (Marenzeller, 1874) accepted as Myrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus edwarsi Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Myrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Autolytus inermis Saint-Joseph, 1887 accepted as Myrianida inermis (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Autolytus langerhansi Gidholm, 1967 accepted as Myrianida langerhansi (Gidholm, 1967) (new combination reference)
Autolytus longeferiens Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus megodon Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Proceraea scapularis (Claparède, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus paradoxus Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus quindecimdentatus Langerhans, 1884 accepted as Myrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (new combination reference)
Autolytus quinquedecimdentatus [auct. misspelling] accepted as Myrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus rubrolineatus Gildhom, 1967 accepted as Myrianida irregularis (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (source of synonymy)
Autolytus rubropunctatus (Grube, 1860) accepted as Myrianida rubropunctata (Grube, 1860) (new combination reference)
Autolytus rubrovittatus Claparède, 1864 (status source)
Autolytus smittiae Malaquin, 1893 (status source)
Epigamia Nygren, 2004 (original description)
Epigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (redescription)
Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (basis of record)
Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (redescription)
Myrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (redescription)
Myrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887) (redescription)
Myrianida fasciata Milne Edwards, 1845 accepted as Myrianida pinnigera (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Myrianida inermis (Saint Joseph, 1887) (redescription)
Myrianida irregularis (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (redescription)
Myrianida langerhansi (Gidholm, 1967) (redescription)
Myrianida pinnigera (Montagu, 1808) (redescription)
Myrianida prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) (redescription)
Myrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (redescription)
Myrianida rubropunctata (Grube, 1860) (redescription)
Proceraea Ehlers, 1864 (redescription)
Proceraea aurantiaca Claparède, 1868 (redescription)
Proceraea cornuta (Agassiz, 1862) (redescription)
Proceraea picta Ehlers, 1864 (redescription)
Proceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) (redescription)
Proceraea scapularis (Claparède, 1864) (redescription)
Procerastea Langerhans, 1884 (redescription)
Procerastea halleziana Malaquin, 1893 (redescription)
Procerastea nematodes Langerhans, 1884 (redescription)
Procerini Nygren, 2004 (original description)
Virchowia Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)
Virchowia clavata Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)