This collection was made by the British Transit-of-Venus Expedition, and consists of seven species, representing five families, one of which, however, is Nemertean. Six appear to be new. Like the Polyzoa and Coelenterata, described by Professors Busk and AUman, they were procured by a grapple in the Laminarian region, under a depth of 10 fathoms. The Rev. A. E. Eaton (Naturalist to the Expedition) states that the shore was somewhat unfavourable for collecting between tide-marks, as it consisted for the most part of ledges of rock without loose boulders, or of a coarse and barren shingle. The mean temperature of the water between tide-marks was 36° F. Mr. Eaton found the same paucity of Annelida in the littoral region at Spitzbergen. The tubicolar forms and Polynoidae occurred on the roots of Macrocystis, and some of the young Nereids in the usual silken tubes on the fronds of Delesseria. None of the Annelids were found under stones.
Southern Ocean: Antarctic and Subantarctic marine regions together (= E+W+S+M(+T))