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Polychaeta taxon details

Paleanotus Schmarda, 1861

129238  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129238)

accepted
Genus
Heteropale Johnson, 1897 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 163, plate 37, figures 326-329, plus text figure [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology Not stated. Clearly named for the form of the dorsal chaetae, with Palea from Latin for chaff, and a widely used technical...  
Etymology Not stated. Clearly named for the form of the dorsal chaetae, with Palea from Latin for chaff, and a widely used technical term for scale-like chaetal structures in polychaetes, here combined with Notus, latinized from the Greek Notos (back, dorsal), again widely used for naming structures that are dorsal in polychaetes. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Paleanotus Schmarda, 1861. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129238 on 2021-09-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-11-19 22:38:31Z
changed
2020-09-07 03:12:34Z
changed
2020-09-07 23:19:45Z
changed
2020-09-08 23:04:06Z
changed

original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 163, plate 37, figures 326-329, plus text figure [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Heteropale Johnson, 1897) Johnson, Herbert P. 1897. A preliminary account of the marine annelids of the Pacific coast, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Ser. 3, 1(5): 153-199., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/proceedingscali01sciegoog
page(s): 162 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. Clearly named for the form of the dorsal chaetae, with Palea from Latin for chaff, and a widely used technical term for scale-like chaetal structures in polychaetes, here combined with Notus, latinized from the Greek Notos (back, dorsal), again widely used for naming structures that are dorsal in polychaetes. [details]

Grammatical gender Masculine. Notus is assumed to be masculine (although in Latin Notos/Notus has a different meaning from the Greek word use, although Schmarda combined it with 'chrysolepis' where Lepis (a scale) as a noun is feminine. So if 'chrysolepis' is regarded as compound noun in apposition it does not help decide the genus gender. Both masculine and feminine adjectival names appear to have been used, but too few species have been named prior to 2015 to determine what the consensus is on the gender. However, for the latest species additions Watson (2015) used several masculine-suffixed adjectival names, including for example 'silus', an undoubted masculine-form adjective. [details]

Spelling Genus misspelled Paleonotus in Day & Morgans (1956:454) and occasionally elsewhere (eg Sterrer, 1986). The genus is named for its paleae (scale-like chaetae), so paleo (ancient) is obviously a mistake. Day (1967) has the correct Paleanotus spelling [details]