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Polychaeta name details

Nereis noctiluca Linnaeus, 1758

329705  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:329705)

 unaccepted (synonymized although the senior name)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 654 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Swedish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Note In all oceans according to Linnaeus! He does...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality In all oceans according to Linnaeus! He does not specify Swedish seas. However, as he included the species in his 1761 'Fauna Suecica' we can safely assume the species occurs on the Swedish coast. [details]
Description Original description (Linnaeus, 1758) "Dwells in every sea easily, rendering the waters fiery, as it were, very small,...  
Description Original description (Linnaeus, 1758) "Dwells in every sea easily, rendering the waters fiery, as it were, very small, invisible to the naked eye" translated from "Habitat in omni facile mari , aquas ignitas quasi redens ipsa prae parvitate nudis oculis inconspicua." [details]

Status Linnaeus (1758) appears to be recording a bioluminescent worm. This would not be a nereidid as they are not capable of...  
Status Linnaeus (1758) appears to be recording a bioluminescent worm. This would not be a nereidid as they are not capable of bioluminescence. His synonymy refers back to Noctiluca marina, the title of a thesis written by student Carolus Frid. Adler, in the third volume (1756) of Linnaeus's compilation of student theses "Amoenitates Academici seu dissertationes variae physica" where Adler gives a figure of a worm as plate 3. Adler's text is incomprehensible, and is not a description, so without the figure Nereis noctiluca would be a nomen dubium. The worm figured is not a nereidid, but could be a syllid. 19th C taxonomists placed Nereis noctiluca under Odontosyllis fulgurans, as did McIntosh in his British Annelids syllid monograph, although the Linnaean name of 1758 has priority.
McIntosh (1908) includes Nereis noctiluca in a thorough synonymy of Odontosyllis fulgurans, and cites usages of the Nereis name by Pennant, Turton, and Stewart, as well as in editions of Systema Naturae  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Nereis noctiluca Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=329705 on 2024-04-18
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2022-04-06 22:34:05Z
changed
2022-04-07 08:37:04Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 654 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1761). Fauna Suecica sistens Animalia Sueciae Regni: Distributa per Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Differentiis Specierum, Synonymis Auctorum, Nominibus Incolarum, Locis Natalium, Descriptionibus insectorum. <em>Editio altera, auctior. Stockholmiae, Stockhom, Sweden.</em> 48:1-578. [Copepoda Monoculus, :497-499]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100333 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
note: checklist listing. Hartman has the comment "not polychaete". This is incorrect. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Linnaeus, Carolus [vol 6 on as Linne]. (1749-1769). Caroli Linnaei ... Amoenitates academicae, seu, Dissertationes variae physicae, medicae, botanicae :antehac seorsim editae : nunc collectae et auctae : cum tabulis aeneis. <em>[edited book].</em> vol 1-3: vol 1 1749, vol 2 1751, vol 3 1756, Holmiae ;et Lipsiae : Apud Godofredum Kiesewetter., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/910
page(s): volume 3, page 203, plate 3; note: plate 3 is the figure of 'Noctiluca marina' by student Carolus Frid. Adler, cited by Linnaeus when he renamed the worm Nereis noctiluca. [details]   

source of synonymy Audouin, Jean Victor; Milne Edwards, Henri. (1833). [Part 3.] Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> (series 1) 29: 195-269., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6044727
page(s): 229; note: In a synonymy of Syllis fulgurans the authors place Nereis noctiluca 1758 as a synonym of their Syllis fulgurans 1833. This ignores priority, but perhaps reflects uncertainty around the Linnaean name...  
In a synonymy of Syllis fulgurans the authors place Nereis noctiluca 1758 as a synonym of their Syllis fulgurans 1833. This ignores priority, but perhaps reflects uncertainty around the Linnaean name.
 [details]   

status source McIntosh, W. C. (1908). A monograph of British Annelids. <em>Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae.</em> 2: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA
page(s): 179; note: McIntosh includes Nereis noctiluca in a thorough synonymy of Odontosyllis fulgurans, and cites usages of the Nereis name by Pennant, Turton, and Stewart, as well as in editions of Systema Naturae [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Description Original description (Linnaeus, 1758) "Dwells in every sea easily, rendering the waters fiery, as it were, very small, invisible to the naked eye" translated from "Habitat in omni facile mari , aquas ignitas quasi redens ipsa prae parvitate nudis oculis inconspicua." [details]

Identification Hartman catalogue (1959: 266) assigned this Nereis noctiluca name as "not polychaete" but this is incorrect (she also has the date as 1761, not 1758). As Linnaeus in 1758 & 1761 cited a plate in the 1756 volume of Amoenitates academicae, which clearly shows a polychaete, probably a syllid, later taxonomists (eg McIntosh 1908) had no trouble matching this figure to Odontosyllis fulgurans. [details]

Status Linnaeus (1758) appears to be recording a bioluminescent worm. This would not be a nereidid as they are not capable of bioluminescence. His synonymy refers back to Noctiluca marina, the title of a thesis written by student Carolus Frid. Adler, in the third volume (1756) of Linnaeus's compilation of student theses "Amoenitates Academici seu dissertationes variae physica" where Adler gives a figure of a worm as plate 3. Adler's text is incomprehensible, and is not a description, so without the figure Nereis noctiluca would be a nomen dubium. The worm figured is not a nereidid, but could be a syllid. 19th C taxonomists placed Nereis noctiluca under Odontosyllis fulgurans, as did McIntosh in his British Annelids syllid monograph, although the Linnaean name of 1758 has priority.
McIntosh (1908) includes Nereis noctiluca in a thorough synonymy of Odontosyllis fulgurans, and cites usages of the Nereis name by Pennant, Turton, and Stewart, as well as in editions of Systema Naturae  [details]

Type locality In all oceans according to Linnaeus! He does not specify Swedish seas. However, as he included the species in his 1761 'Fauna Suecica' we can safely assume the species occurs on the Swedish coast. [details]