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WoRMS taxon details

Ircinia Nardo, 1833

131751  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131751)

accepted
Genus
Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (type by subsequent designation)
Dysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Euricinia Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Filifera Lieberkühn, 1859 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Filifera (Hircinia) Schmidt, 1862 · unaccepted (genus transfer)
Hircinella Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Hircinia Nardo, 1834 · unaccepted (unjustified emendation)
Hircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Hircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Hircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Polytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Stematumenia Bowerbank, 1845 · unaccepted (junior synonym)

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  1. Species Ircinia akaroa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  2. Species Ircinia arbuscula (Hyatt, 1877)
  3. Species Ircinia aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
  4. Species Ircinia arundinacea (Carter, 1880)
  5. Species Ircinia atrovirens (Keller, 1889)
  6. Species Ircinia aucklandensis Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  7. Species Ircinia bakusi Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  8. Species Ircinia bergquistia Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  9. Species Ircinia bocatorensis Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  10. Species Ircinia cactiformis (Rao, 1941)
  11. Species Ircinia cactus (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  12. Species Ircinia caliculata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  13. Species Ircinia campana (Lamarck, 1814)
  14. Species Ircinia canus Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
  15. Species Ircinia carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020
  16. Species Ircinia chevreuxi (Topsent, 1894)
  17. Species Ircinia clavata (Thiele, 1905)
  18. Species Ircinia collectrix (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  19. Species Ircinia colossa Calcinai, Bastari, Bertolino & Pansini, 2017
  20. Species Ircinia condensa (Topsent, 1894)
  21. Species Ircinia conulosa (Ridley, 1884)
  22. Species Ircinia cuspidata (Wilson, 1902)
  23. Species Ircinia cylindracea Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976
  24. Species Ircinia dendroides (Schmidt, 1862)
  25. Species Ircinia dickinsoni (de Laubenfels, 1936)
  26. Species Ircinia digitata (Topsent, 1894)
  27. Species Ircinia echinata (Keller, 1889)
  28. Species Ircinia ectofibrosa (George & Wilson, 1919)
  29. Species Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  30. Species Ircinia filamentosa (Lamarck, 1814)
  31. Species Ircinia fistulosa Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  32. Species Ircinia friabilis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  33. Species Ircinia fusca (Carter, 1880)
  34. Species Ircinia gapaensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  35. Species Ircinia globulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  36. Species Ircinia hummelincki van Soest, 1978
  37. Species Ircinia incrustans Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  38. Species Ircinia intertexta (Hyatt, 1877)
  39. Species Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  40. Species Ircinia jejuensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  41. Species Ircinia lacuna Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
  42. Species Ircinia laeviconulosa Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  43. Species Ircinia lapillus Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  44. Species Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948
  45. Species Ircinia livida Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
  46. Species Ircinia lowi Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  47. Species Ircinia marginalis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  48. Species Ircinia microconulosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
  49. Species Ircinia munsumensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  50. Species Ircinia mureungensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016
  51. Species Ircinia mutans (Wilson, 1925)
  52. Species Ircinia nolanae Goodwin & Downey, 2021
  53. Species Ircinia novaezealandiae Bergquist, 1961
  54. Species Ircinia oligoceras (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  55. Species Ircinia oros (Schmidt, 1864)
  56. Species Ircinia pauciarenaria Boury-Esnault, 1973
  57. Species Ircinia paucifilamentosa Vacelet, 1961
  58. Species Ircinia paupera (Thiele, 1905)
  59. Species Ircinia pellita (Rao, 1941)
  60. Species Ircinia pilosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
  61. Species Ircinia pinna (Hentschel, 1912)
  62. Species Ircinia polejaeffi Van Soest & Hooper, 2020
  63. Species Ircinia procumbens (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  64. Species Ircinia radicula Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
  65. Species Ircinia radix Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  66. Species Ircinia ramodigitata (Burton, 1934)
  67. Species Ircinia ramosa (Keller, 1889)
  68. Species Ircinia rectilinea (Hyatt, 1877)
  69. Species Ircinia repens Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
  70. Species Ircinia reteplana (Topsent, 1923)
  71. Species Ircinia retidermata Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1981
  72. Species Ircinia richardsoni Goodwin & Downey, 2021
  73. Species Ircinia rubra (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  74. Species Ircinia ruetzleri Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  75. Species Ircinia schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
  76. Species Ircinia selaginea (Lamarck, 1814)
  77. Species Ircinia sergipana Sandes & Pinheiro, 2014
  78. Species Ircinia simae Goodwin & Downey, 2021
  79. Species Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794)
  80. Species Ircinia spiculosa (Hentschel, 1912)
  81. Species Ircinia stipitata (Topsent, 1894)
  82. Species Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816)
  83. Species Ircinia subaspera Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  84. Species Ircinia tintinnabula (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  85. Species Ircinia tristis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  86. Species Ircinia truncata (Topsent, 1894)
  87. Species Ircinia tuberosa (Dendy, 1905)
  88. Species Ircinia tunica Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017
  89. Species Ircinia turrita Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  90. Species Ircinia undulans Cook & Bergquist, 1999
  91. Species Ircinia vansoesti Kelly & Thacker, 2021
  92. Species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
  93. Species Ircinia vestibulata (Szymanski, 1904)
  94. Species Ircinia wistarii Wilkinson, 1978
  95. Subgenus Ircinia (Sarcotragus) Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus Schmidt, 1862 (status change)
    1. Species Ircinia (Sarcotragus) muscarum Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
    2. Species Ircinia (Sarcotragus) ramosa Keller, 1889 accepted as Ircinia ramosa (Keller, 1889)
    3. Species Ircinia (Sarcotragus) spinosula Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862
  96. Species Ircinia acuta (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
  97. Species Ircinia aligera (Burton, 1928) accepted as Sarcotragus aliger (Burton, 1928) (genus transfer)
  98. Species Ircinia anomala (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Fasciospongia anomala (Dendy, 1905)
  99. Species Ircinia arbuscula (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Sarcotragus australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  100. Species Ircinia cartilaginea (Esper, 1797) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) cartilaginea (Esper, 1797) (genus transfer)
  101. Species Ircinia chupoensis Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017 accepted as Psammocinia chupoensis (Sim, Lee & Kim, 2017) (genus transfer)
  102. Species Ircinia clathrata (Carter, 1881) accepted as Hyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  103. Species Ircinia dendroides (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Ircinia polejaeffi Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (preoccupied)
  104. Species Ircinia fasciculata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
  105. Species Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  106. Species Ircinia fasciculata sensu de Laubenfels, 1949 accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer & misapplication)
  107. Species Ircinia fistularis (Verrill, 1907) accepted as Ircinia felix (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
  108. Species Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (genus transfer)
  109. Species Ircinia foetida (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
  110. Species Ircinia formosana Shen, Lo, Lin, Khalil, Kuo & Shih, 2006 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  111. Species Ircinia funiculata Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  112. Species Ircinia gigantea (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Ircinia irregularis (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  113. Species Ircinia grobulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016 accepted as Ircinia globulosa Sim, Lee & Kim, 2016 (misspelling of species name (lapsus calami))
  114. Species Ircinia halmiformis (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Psammocinia halmiformis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  115. Species Ircinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  116. Species Ircinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  117. Species Ircinia hospitum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  118. Species Ircinia jacksoniana Bergquist, 1980 accepted as Ircinia lendenfeldi de Laubenfels, 1948 (junior synonym)
  119. Species Ircinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  120. Species Ircinia linguiformis (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
  121. Species Ircinia lividus Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019 accepted as Ircinia livida Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019 (agreement in gender)
  122. Species Ircinia longispina (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
  123. Species Ircinia muscarum (Schmidt, 1864) accepted as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus assignment and junior synonym)
  124. Species Ircinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (junior synonym)
  125. Species Ircinia pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Sarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) (genus transfer)
  126. Species Ircinia rigida Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
  127. Species Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885) accepted as Ircinia carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (preoccupied)
  128. Species Ircinia spinosula (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862 (reverted genus transfer)
  129. Species Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
  130. Species Ircinia tenax Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
  131. Species Ircinia tuberculata (Poléjaeff, 1884) accepted as Sarcotragus tuberculatus (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  132. Species Ircinia typica (Nardo, 1847) accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (nomen nudum)
  133. Species Ircinia vallata (Dendy, 1887) accepted as Psammocinia vesiculifera (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  134. Species Ircinia verrucosa (Lieberkühn, 1869) accepted as Ircinia strobilina (Lamarck, 1816) (junior synonym)
  135. Species Ircinia favosa (Lieberkühn, 1859) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, incertae sedis)
  136. Species Ircinia flagelliformis (Carter, 1886) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type...  
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Goodwin, C.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Lim, S.C.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.; Pinheiro, U.; Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Turner, T.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M.; Xavier, J. (2024). World Porifera Database. Ircinia Nardo, 1833. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131751 on 2024-07-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-04-18 08:09:46Z
changed
2011-07-25 12:16:09Z
changed
2018-05-05 14:05:17Z
changed
2019-04-26 18:17:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Nardo, G.D. (1833). Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. <em>In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll. (Oken: Jena).</em>  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia Nardo, 1834) Nardo, G. D. (1834). De Spongiis. <em>Isis (Oken).</em> 714-716. [details]   

original description  (of Hircinia (Euricinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. <em>Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere.</em> 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Polytherses Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 67-68 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Stematumenia Bowerbank, 1845) Bowerbank, J.S. (1845). Observations on the Spongiadae, with descriptions of some new genera. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 16(107): 400-410, pls XIII-XIV.
page(s): 406-408 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Filifera Lieberkühn, 1859) Lieberkühn, N. (1859). Neue Beiträge zur Anatomie der Spongien. <em>Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie.</em> 30(3): 353-382, 515-529, pls IX-XI.
page(s): 353 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Dysidicinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (of Euricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (of Euricinia Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. Von. (1889). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Hornschwämme. Zoologische Jahrbücher. <em>Abteilung für Systematik,Geographie und Biologie der Thiere.</em> 4(1): 1-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinia (Hircinella) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 564 [details]   

original description  (of Hircinia (Dysidicinia) Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 565 [details]   

original description  (of Filifera (Hircinia) Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 32 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hircinella Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

basis of record Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002 [2004]). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) <i>Systema Porifera - A guide to the classification of sponges</i>. (2 volumes) Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xvliii. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Irciniidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1022-1027. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) <i>Systema Porifera - A guide to the classification of sponges</i>. (2 volumes) Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, 1708 + xvliii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pronzato, R.; Malva, R.; Manconi, R. (2004). The taxonomic status of <i>Ircinia fasciculata</i>, <i>Ircinia felix</i>, and <i>Ircinia variabilis</i> (Dictyoceratida, Irciinidae). <i>In</i>: Pansini M, Pronzato R, Bavestrello G, Manconi R, Sarà M (eds) Sponge Science in the New Millenium. Papers contributed to the VI International Sponge Conference Rapallo (Italy) 29 September – 5 October 2002. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della Univertità di Genova.</em> 68: 553-563. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fol, H. (1890). On the Anatomy of Horny Sponges belonging to the Genus <i>Hircinia</i>, and on a new Genus. <i>The Annals and Magazine of natural History, 6: 172-174</i>.
page(s): 172 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Garrone, R.; Vacelet, J.; Pavans de Ceccatty, M; Junqua, S.; Robert , L..; Huc, A. (1973). Une formation de collagène particulière: les filaments des éponges cornées <i>Ircinia</i>. Etude ultrastructurale, physico-chimique & biochimique. <i>Journal de Microscopie</i>. 17: 241-260. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. <em>Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d'Endoume.</em> 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 89 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Bergquist, P.R. (1980). A revision of the supraspecific classification of the orders Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and Verongida (class Demospongiae). <em>New Zealand Journal of Zoology.</em> 7 (4): 443-503.
page(s): 464-466 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1948). The order Keratosa of the phylum Porifera. A monographic study. <em>Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation.</em> 3: 1-217.
page(s): 65-66 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy All Nardo's 1833 Ircinia names are nomina nuda. Pronzato et al. (2004) proposed to indicate Ircinia spongiastrum as type species. This is very likely a growth form of the common Adriatic species Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862). This type species designation counteracts earlier attempts at type species designation by a.o. De Laubenfels (1948) and Cook & Bergquist (2002) which involved species not originally included in Ircinia when Nardo erected the genus. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
Japanese センイカイメン属  [details]


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