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Porifera name details

Spongia solidahyatti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424294  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424294)

 unaccepted (junior synonym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 54 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 53-54) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Sarcotragus...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 53-54) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Sarcotragus solidus (Esper, 1794), Spongia tubulifera solida Hyatt, 1877, and Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885).
1. Spongia solida Esper, 1794: 258 (type locality Mediterranean). Spongia solida Esper, 1794: 258 was briefly reassigned by Topsent (1920: 324) (presumably based on the specimen from the Hermann collection) to Hircinia, possibly Hircinia spinosula (now accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862: 35). The combination Spongia solida is a senior primary homonym of Spongia officinalis tubulifera var. solida Hyatt, 1877: 514, the combination Hircinia solida as suggested by Topsent (1920), would be a senior
secondary homonym of Hircinia solida Carter, 1885: 310. If Topsent is correct in his suspicion that solida Esper is Sarcotragus spinosulus, then the latter name is threatened because Esper’s name is the eldest. Topsent’s suggestion was not substantiated and the identity needs further study, so it was refrained from implementing the species name change.
2. Spongia officinalis subsp. tubulifera var. solida Hyatt, 1877: 514 (type locality Nassau, Bahamas). This variety is considered undifferentiated from the typical variety of Spongia tubulifera Lamarck, 1814: 384, and it is accepted as such (e.g. Van Soest 1978: 11). However, the homomymy with Esper’s Spongia solida was not removed by this (ICZN Art. 57.2), and a new name was required, which then is reassigned as a junior synonym of Spongia tubulifera.
3. Hircinia solida Carter, 1885: 310 (type locality Port Phillip Heads, Southeast Australia). Because Topsent (1920: 324) assigned Spongia solida Esper, 1794 to Hircinia Nardo, 1834: 715, he created a junior secondary homonymy for Carter’s species. Since Ircinia Nardo, 1833: 521 is a senior synonym of Hircinia, both homonyms were created to be Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) and Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885), and the junior homonym needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). Despite the fact that Esper’s species is a possible member of the genus Sarcotragus Schmidt, 1862, and that Carter’s species is incertae sedis according to Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 189), the homonymy persisted.
4. Summary: Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) as senior secondary homonym is to be named as a valid combination (ICZN Art. 57.3). Spongia tubulifera solida Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of Spongia solida Esper, 1794 (ICZN Art. 57.2). To remove the homonymy Spongia solidahyatti nom.nov. was proposed . The renamed species remains unaccepted as a subjective junior synonym of Spongia (Spongia) tubulifera Lamarck, 1814. Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885) is a junior secondary homonym of Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) and must be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homomymy, Ircinia carteri nom.nov. was proposed, named after John Henry Carter. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2021). World Porifera Database. Spongia solidahyatti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: https://marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424294 on 2021-10-27
Date
action
by
2020-03-07 13:08:15Z
created
2020-06-11 09:20:14Z
changed
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed
2021-04-17 12:25:15Z
changed

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 54 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 53-54) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Sarcotragus solidus (Esper, 1794), Spongia tubulifera solida Hyatt, 1877, and Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885).
1. Spongia solida Esper, 1794: 258 (type locality Mediterranean). Spongia solida Esper, 1794: 258 was briefly reassigned by Topsent (1920: 324) (presumably based on the specimen from the Hermann collection) to Hircinia, possibly Hircinia spinosula (now accepted as Sarcotragus spinosulus Schmidt, 1862: 35). The combination Spongia solida is a senior primary homonym of Spongia officinalis tubulifera var. solida Hyatt, 1877: 514, the combination Hircinia solida as suggested by Topsent (1920), would be a senior
secondary homonym of Hircinia solida Carter, 1885: 310. If Topsent is correct in his suspicion that solida Esper is Sarcotragus spinosulus, then the latter name is threatened because Esper’s name is the eldest. Topsent’s suggestion was not substantiated and the identity needs further study, so it was refrained from implementing the species name change.
2. Spongia officinalis subsp. tubulifera var. solida Hyatt, 1877: 514 (type locality Nassau, Bahamas). This variety is considered undifferentiated from the typical variety of Spongia tubulifera Lamarck, 1814: 384, and it is accepted as such (e.g. Van Soest 1978: 11). However, the homomymy with Esper’s Spongia solida was not removed by this (ICZN Art. 57.2), and a new name was required, which then is reassigned as a junior synonym of Spongia tubulifera.
3. Hircinia solida Carter, 1885: 310 (type locality Port Phillip Heads, Southeast Australia). Because Topsent (1920: 324) assigned Spongia solida Esper, 1794 to Hircinia Nardo, 1834: 715, he created a junior secondary homonymy for Carter’s species. Since Ircinia Nardo, 1833: 521 is a senior synonym of Hircinia, both homonyms were created to be Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) and Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885), and the junior homonym needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). Despite the fact that Esper’s species is a possible member of the genus Sarcotragus Schmidt, 1862, and that Carter’s species is incertae sedis according to Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 189), the homonymy persisted.
4. Summary: Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) as senior secondary homonym is to be named as a valid combination (ICZN Art. 57.3). Spongia tubulifera solida Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of Spongia solida Esper, 1794 (ICZN Art. 57.2). To remove the homonymy Spongia solidahyatti nom.nov. was proposed . The renamed species remains unaccepted as a subjective junior synonym of Spongia (Spongia) tubulifera Lamarck, 1814. Ircinia solida (Carter, 1885) is a junior secondary homonym of Ircinia solida (Esper, 1794) and must be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homomymy, Ircinia carteri nom.nov. was proposed, named after John Henry Carter. [details]


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