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CaRMS taxon details

Muraenidae Rafinesque, 1815

125431  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125431)

accepted
Family
marine
Not documented
Description Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Diverse group of eels with large mouths with numerous teeth; often with fanglike...  
Description Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Diverse group of eels with large mouths with numerous teeth; often with fanglike (canine) teeth. Dorsal fin origin usually before the gill openings; median fins confluent with caudal fin; no pelvic and pectoral fins. Gill openings as small roundish lateral openings. Head with 1-3 lateral line pores; absent on body. Scaleless. Recorded maximum length 3.0 m. Some morays cause ciguatera fish poisoning. A skin toxin was noted in an Indo-Pacific moray eel. Adults benthic, generally in shallow water among rocks and coral heads; many species are more active at night and hide in holes and crevices during the day. Vicious reputation is undeserved, although some species will bite if provoked. Feed mainly on crustaceans and small fishes. Larvae (leptocephali) epipelagic, widespread and abundant. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Muraenidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2018) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125431 on 2019-11-20
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2019). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Muraenidae Rafinesque, 1815. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125431 on 2019-11-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. Diverse group of eels with large mouths with numerous teeth; often with fanglike (canine) teeth. Dorsal fin origin usually before the gill openings; median fins confluent with caudal fin; no pelvic and pectoral fins. Gill openings as small roundish lateral openings. Head with 1-3 lateral line pores; absent on body. Scaleless. Recorded maximum length 3.0 m. Some morays cause ciguatera fish poisoning. A skin toxin was noted in an Indo-Pacific moray eel. Adults benthic, generally in shallow water among rocks and coral heads; many species are more active at night and hide in holes and crevices during the day. Vicious reputation is undeserved, although some species will bite if provoked. Feed mainly on crustaceans and small fishes. Larvae (leptocephali) epipelagic, widespread and abundant. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English moray eels  [details]
Japanese ウツボ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Muraenidae FIN031123 Slide 120 mm)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Muraenidae FIN031124 Slide 120 mm)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

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