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CaRMS taxon details

Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843

129602  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129602)

accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Ørsted, A. S. (1843). Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Auctore A.S. Örsted. Fasc. I. Maricolæ. (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849
page(s): 42 [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the...  
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the unique (to him) spelling of 'dorum' instead of 'dorsum', a neuter Latin noun referring to the back. Possibly this was a lapsus. He used a neuter adjective for the species-group name 'flavum', thus Sphaerodorum, and all the genus names in the family that are variants of it, is/are neuter. [details]

Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months...  
Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months (Fauchald, 1974: 257), but S. flavum (= S. gracilis) remains type species of Sphaerodorum. In contrast Wolff & Petersen (1991: 670) state that Örsted (1843) was published before Rathke (1843). No supporting evidence is provided by Wolff & Petersen, but Fauchald gives no reasoning either. The matter is unresolved. Note that in another genera pair the opposite priority has been accepted. Ophelina 0rsted 1843 is treated as valid over Ammotrypane Rathke 1843 since 1892  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2019) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129602 on 2020-07-05
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2020). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Sphaerodorum Örsted, 1843. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/carms./aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129602 on 2020-07-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-04-23 21:59:12Z
changed

original description Ørsted, A. S. (1843). Annulatorum danicorum conspectus. Auctore A.S. Örsted. Fasc. I. Maricolæ. (Quæstio ab universitate Hafniensi ad solvendum proposita et proemio ornata). , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/11849
page(s): 42 [details]   

additional source Reimers, Hans 1933. Morphologie der Polychaetengattung Sphaerodorum. Monographie. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 64(1): 41-110., available online at http://www.annelida.net/docs/scans.html [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. The obvious derivation is as a reference to the spherical papillae on the dorsum. However, Örsted used the unique (to him) spelling of 'dorum' instead of 'dorsum', a neuter Latin noun referring to the back. Possibly this was a lapsus. He used a neuter adjective for the species-group name 'flavum', thus Sphaerodorum, and all the genus names in the family that are variants of it, is/are neuter. [details]

Grammatical gender Sphaerodorum is neuter [details]

Nomenclature Ephesia gracilis is senior subjective synonym to Sphaerodorum flavum as its publication date is earlier by a few months (Fauchald, 1974: 257), but S. flavum (= S. gracilis) remains type species of Sphaerodorum. In contrast Wolff & Petersen (1991: 670) state that Örsted (1843) was published before Rathke (1843). No supporting evidence is provided by Wolff & Petersen, but Fauchald gives no reasoning either. The matter is unresolved. Note that in another genera pair the opposite priority has been accepted. Ophelina 0rsted 1843 is treated as valid over Ammotrypane Rathke 1843 since 1892  [details]

Spelling Nomenclator Zoologicus listings oddly cross-reference to a lapsus spelling 'spaerodorum' in a contents list on p.35 of Örsted (1843) as if this was the correct original spelling. However, Örsted used Sphaerodorum when he introduced the descriptions of both the genus on p.42, and the species on p.43. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
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