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Hutchings, Patricia A.; Glasby, Christopher J. (1988). The Amphitritinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia. Records of the Australian Museum. 40(1): 1-60.
50444
10.3853/j.0067-1975.40.1988.150 [view]
Hutchings, Patricia A.; Glasby, Christopher J.
1988
The Amphitritinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia
Records of the Australian Museum
40(1): 1-60
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available
The amphitritine fauna of Australia comprises 17 genera and 37 species. These are described, and a key to the genera and Australian species is provided. Twenty one new species and one new genus are described: Amphitrite pachyderma n. sp., Amphitritides harpa n. sp., A. ithya n. sp., Arranooba booromia n. gen., n. sp., Baffinia biseriata n. sp., Eupolymnia koorangia n. sp., Lanassa exelysis n. sp., L. ocellata n. sp., Lanicides fascia n. sp., L. lacuna n. sp., L. tribranchiata n. sp., Lanice bidewa n. sp., Loimia batilla n. sp., L. triloba n. sp., Neoleprea macrocercus n. sp., Phisidia echuca n. sp., Pista australis n. sp., P. sinusa n. sp., P. turawa n. sp., Reteterebella aloba n. sp. and Terebella maculata n. sp., and the following new combination Longicarpus modestus.
A full description of all Australian species of this subfamily is given except when a recent description is available.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2014-11-03 22:33:45Z
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2016-01-25 22:54:00Z
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2019-10-02 19:22:04Z
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Amphitrite Müller, 1771 (additional source)
Lanassa Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Loimia Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Neoamphitrite Hessle, 1917 (additional source)
Terebella Linnaeus, 1767 (additional source)
Terebellinae Johnston, 1846 (additional source)
 Depth range

Intertidal (Australia); also at 115 m (Arafura Sea). [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to depths of 43 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 20 m depth. [details]

 Diagnosis

Branchiae 3, rarely 2, pairs from segment 2; dendritically branched or filiform arising from a basal stump or ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Prostomium compact, branchiae absent, lateral lobes present, well developed on peristomium, and segments 2 and 3. ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Emended diagnosis by Hutchings & Glasby (1988: 11): "Abranchiate Amphitritinae, lateral lobes absent, ventral ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Prostomium compact, branchiae, 3 pairs on segments 2,3 and 4, branched. Lateral lobes present on segments 2,3 and ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Branchiae absent. Lateral lobes sometimes present; glandular pads well developed. Thoracic notopodia begin on ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Prostomium compact. Branchiae, 3 pairs present on segments 2,3 and 4, branchiae branched. Lateral lobes present on ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Emended diagnosis by Hutchings & Glasby (1988: 20): ''Branchiae, 2 or 3 pairs on segments 2, 3 and 4, branchiae ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Three pairs of branched branchiae from segment 2. Lateral lobes absent. Notopodia from segment 4, continue for a ... [details]

 Distribution

Indian Ocean: Western Australia (Rat Island, Abrolhos Islands). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia (north west); Northern Territory (Arafura Sea; Gove); Queensland (Townsville; Calliope ... [details]

 Distribution

Several material in Hutchings & Glasby (1988), from the Great Barrier Reef, Turtle island, Nymph Island, Hope ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Northern Territory (Darwin Harbour; Melville Bay; Port Essington); Western Australia (Broome, Halls ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; Queensland; South Australia; Tasmania; Victoria; Western Australia. Widespread in southern ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia, widespread north of about 32°S on the west coast, and about 35°S on the east coast: Western Australia ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific name derived from the Greek adjective, pachys, thick and derma, skin referring to the thickened ventral ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific name from the greek noun, harpe, sickle, referring to the sickle-shaped posterior notosetae. [details]

 Etymology

Specific name derived from the Greek adjective ithys, straight, upright, referring to the angle of the subrostral ... [details]

 Etymology

"The generic name Arranooba (gender feminine) is an aboriginal word for a place in Western Australia." [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name is an aboriginal word for wind. The Abrolhos Islands, the type locality for the species, are ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific name is derived from latin bi, double and latin seriata, row and refers to the numerous neuropodia with ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific name refers to an Aboriginal name for kangaroo, the type locality for the species. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name exelysis is greek (f) and refers to the mouth of the estuary, where this species occurs. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name refers to the presence of eye spots. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name bidewa refers to the name of the aboriginal tribe living in the region of Cape Everard, the type ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific name, fascia, is latin for band, stripe or girdle which refers to the banded stalk of the branchiae [details]

 Etymology

The specific name lacuna refers to the habitat in which this species lives, and is the latin word for a pool or pond. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name tribanchiata refers to the three pairs of branchiae present. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name is derived from the latin batillum, a shovel, referring to the scoop-shaped anterior ventrum. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name triloba refers to the three pairs of lateral lobes on the anterior segments, and is made of tri ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific name derived from the greek macro and kerkos, tail referring to the long abdominal region. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name echuca refers to an aboriginal name meaning a meeting of waters. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name australis refers to its wide spread distribution in south-eastern Australia. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name sinusa refers to the development of a sinus on the inside of the lateral lobe, and is derived ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific name trina refers to the three pairs of branchiae, and is derived from the latin tri meaning 3. [details]

 Etymology

The specific name turawa refers to the name of an Aboriginal tribe living on the coast just south of Sydney, the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific name aloba refers to the absence of lateral lobes, and is derived from the latin lobus meaning a ... [details]

 Etymology

Specific name derived from the latin macula spot, (f), referring to the dark pigment spots adorning the abdomen. [details]

 Habitat

Dead coral rubble in depths of 1-3 m. [details]

 Habitat

Intertidal seagrasses with fine sand and mud flats in front of mangroves, amongst coral rubble, and also at shelf ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs in a variety of soft substrates ranging from silty to coarse gravel, in depths of 5-50 m. [details]

 Habitat

Occurs in sheltered protected areas and in deeper oceanic waters of Bass Strait. [details]

 Habitat

Occurs subtidally in muddy substrates. [details]

 Habitat

Occurs subtidally in mud and coralline sand. [details]

 Habitat

Occurs in deep water on the continental slope, living in dense colonies. A few of the tubes opened in the colony ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs from the intertidal to the continental slope (357m) in muddy coral sand, living in compact tubes made of ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs in sheltered marine waters 3-10m, under rocks, or in crevices sometimes associated with sponge and Posidonia ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs on dandier parts of reef flat, usually under dead coral bounders also from 8 m at Lizard Island on fringing ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs under rocks, as crevice fauna, and in sandy mud, intertidally. [details]

 Habitat

Intertidally in sandy mud flats, or on rock platforms in crevices, under stones, boulders, and in soft sediment in ... [details]

 Habitat

Occurs intertidally to dephts of 20 m often in reef environments, either rock or coral, associated with the kelp ... [details]

 Status

Note that Neoamphitrite may not be distinct from Amphitrite, in which case A. figulus would be the correct combination [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Type material has not been located. At this stage, it is unclear if this species even belong to the genus Terebella. [details]

 Taxonomy

Neoamphitrite differs from Amphitrite in "dichotomous rather than filiform branchiae, the number of nephridia is ... [details]

 Type locality

Rat Island, Abrolhos Group, Western Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean (-16.4°, 123.1167°). [details]

 Type species

The type species is Lanassa nordeskioldi Malmgren, 1866 by original designation. [details]

 Type species

The type species is Nereis conchilega Pallas 1766 by monotypy. [details]

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