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CaRMS taxon details

Capitella Blainville, 1828

129211  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129211)

accepted
Genus
Capitellides Mesnil, 1897 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Blainville, H. M. D de [Henri Marie Ducrotay]. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes <b>[entries in VEA-VERS, volume 57]</b>. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite methodiquement des differens etres de la nature, consideres soit en eux-memes. d'apres l'etat actuel de nos connais sciences, soit relativement a l'utilite qu'en peuvent retirer la medicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suive d'une biographie des plus celebres naturalistes.</em> vol. 57 [Tome LVII. Vea - Vers] F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25316522
page(s): 443 [details]   
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are...  
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the...  
Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Etymology Not stated. Blainville (1828) refers to an indistinct head and a 'Capitellum' is a neuter diminutive noun for a small head,...  
Etymology Not stated. Blainville (1828) refers to an indistinct head and a 'Capitellum' is a neuter diminutive noun for a small head, whereas Blainville appears to intend a feminine by using Capitella. He never uses 'capitata' as the species name however, including the species names Capitella fabricii and the original name Lumbricus capitatus [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Capitella Blainville, 1828. Accessed through: Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2020) Canadian Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2020-08-08
Kennedy, M.K., L. Van Guelpen, G. Pohle, L. Bajona (Eds.) (2020). Canadian Register of Marine Species. Capitella Blainville, 1828. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/carms/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2020-08-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-12-25 22:58:18Z
changed
2017-02-06 23:08:45Z
changed
2020-06-19 09:07:02Z
changed

original description Blainville, H. M. D de [Henri Marie Ducrotay]. (1828). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes <b>[entries in VEA-VERS, volume 57]</b>. <em>In: Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite methodiquement des differens etres de la nature, consideres soit en eux-memes. d'apres l'etat actuel de nos connais sciences, soit relativement a l'utilite qu'en peuvent retirer la medicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suive d'une biographie des plus celebres naturalistes.</em> vol. 57 [Tome LVII. Vea - Vers] F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25316522
page(s): 443 [details]   

original description  (of Capitellides Mesnil, 1897) Mesnil, F. 1897. Note sur un capitellidien nouveau (Capitellides n.gen., giardi n.sp.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 20: 441-443. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Silva, C.F.; Shimabukuro, M.; Alfaro-Lucas, J.M.; Fujiwara, Y.; Sumida, P.Y.; Amaral, A.C. (2016). A new <i>Capitella</i> polychaete worm (Annelida: Capitellidae) living inside whale bones in the abyssal South Atlantic. <em>Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers.</em> 108: 23-31., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.004
page(s): 28-29; note: synoptic table for all the hitherto known species [details]   

identification resource Pamungkas, Joko. (2017). <em>Capitella</em> <em>ambonensis</em>: a new polychaete species (Annelida: Capitellidae) collected from a mangrove habitat on Ambon Island, Indonesia. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4227(4): 573-582., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4227.4.7
page(s): 579; note: Table of characters of Capitella species [details]   

identification resource Silva, Camila F.; Seixas, Victor C.; Barroso, Rômulo; Di Domenico, Maikon; Amaral, Antonia C. Z.; Paiva, Paulo C. (2017). Demystifying the Capitella capitata complex (Annelida, Capitellidae) diversity by morphological and molecular data along the Brazilian coast. <em>PLOS ONE.</em> 12(5): e0177760., available online at http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/citation?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0177760
page(s): 7/32; note: Key to all Capitella [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Etymology Not stated. Blainville (1828) refers to an indistinct head and a 'Capitellum' is a neuter diminutive noun for a small head, whereas Blainville appears to intend a feminine by using Capitella. He never uses 'capitata' as the species name however, including the species names Capitella fabricii and the original name Lumbricus capitatus [details]

Grammatical gender apparently feminine as Blainville formulates the name as Capitella instead of the neuter Capitellum [details]

Habitat Capitella capitata/minima is found in all sediment types present on the Belgian part of the North Sea. Although this species occurs in very fine to coarse sediments, it tends to prefer fine-grained sediments with a median grain size of 50-250 µm. Capitella capitata/minima is almost completely absent in sediments without mud. The maximum relative occurrence (> 60%) is observed in sediments with a mud content of 10-20% whereas C. capitata/minima has a relative occurrence of 20 to 30% in sediments with higher mud contents. [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch slangpier  [details]
French capitelle  [details]
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