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Deep-Sea taxon details

Prionospio Malmgren, 1867

129620  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129620)

accepted
Genus
Apoprionospio Foster, 1969 (subjective synonymy)
Aquilaspio Foster, 1971 (subjective synonymy)
Minuspio Foster, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Prionospio (Minuspio) Foster, 1971 (superseded subgenus rank combination)
Prionospio (Prionospio) [auctorum] (superseded combination)
Species Prionospio aluta Maciolek, 1985
Species Prionospio amarsupiata Neal & Altamira in Paterson et al., 2016
Species Prionospio anuncata Fauchald, 1972
Species Prionospio bocki Söderström, 1920
Species Prionospio branchilucida Altamira, Glover & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
Species Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883
Species Prionospio cristata Foster, 1971
Species Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965
Species Prionospio dubia Day, 1961
Species Prionospio ehlersi Fauvel, 1928
Species Prionospio fallax Söderström, 1920
Species Prionospio fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Species Prionospio hermesia Neal & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
Species Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907
Species Prionospio kaplani Altamira, Glover & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016
Species Prionospio laciniosa Maciolek, 1985
Species Prionospio lighti Maciolek, 1985
Species Prionospio marsupialia Blake, 1996
Species Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927
Species Prionospio peruana Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
Species Prionospio polybranchiata Fauvel, 1929
Species Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961
Species Prionospio sandersi Maciolek, 1981
Species Prionospio sexoculata Augener, 1918
Species Prionospio solisi Peixoto & Paiva, 2019
Species Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867
Species Prionospio tripinnata Maciolek, 1985
Species Prionospio unilamellata Sigvaldadóttir & Desbruyères, 2003
Species Prionospio vallensis Neal & Paterson in Paterson et al., 2016

Species Prionospio capensis McIntosh, 1885 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable)
Species Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable, probably based on a composite of several species (fide Maciolek, 1985))

Subgenus Prionospio (Minuspio) Foster, 1971 accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded subgenus rank combination)
  » Species Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio aluta Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
  » Species Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
  » Species Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 (superseded subgenus)
  » Species Prionospio (Minuspio) sandersi Maciolek, 1981 accepted as Prionospio sandersi Maciolek, 1981 (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Prionospio (Prionospio) [auctorum] accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (superseded combination)
Species Prionospio cirrobranchiata Day, 1961 accepted as Aonidella cirrobranchiata (Day, 1961) (superseded original combination)
Species Prionospio ornata Berkeley & Berkeley, 1961 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (subjective synonym)
Species Prionospio pinnata Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Prionospio plumosa Treadwell, 1931 accepted as Paraprionospio alata (Moore, 1923) (subjective synonym and replaced junior primary homonym)
Species Prionospio treadwelli Hartman, 1951 accepted as Paraprionospio alata (Moore, 1923) (replacement name of subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 93 [details]   
Note Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in...  
From other sources
Type species Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]
Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type...  
Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type of the family Spionidae, and refers presumably to the saw-like appearance in profile of the pinnate branchiae of the genotype, Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (see Malmgren, 1867: plate IX fig. 55B). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Prionospio Malmgren, 1867. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129620 on 2020-11-25
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Prionospio Malmgren, 1867. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129620 on 2020-11-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-17 02:13:06Z
changed
2016-05-29 12:39:25Z
changed

original description Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 93 [details]   

original description  (of Apoprionospio Foster, 1969) Foster, N.M. (1969). New species of spionids (Polychaeta) from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea with a partial revision of the genus <i>Prionospio</i>. <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 82(38): 381-400., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34595410
page(s): 383 [details]   

original description  (of Minuspio Foster, 1971) Foster, Nancy Marie. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 106-107 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Aquilaspio Foster, 1971) Foster, Nancy Marie. (1971). Spionidae (Polychaeta) of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 36(129): 1-183., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/506046
page(s): 105 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

taxonomy source Paterson, Gordon L. J.; Neal, Lenka; Altamira, Iris; Soto, Eulogio H.; Smith, Craig R.; Menot, Lenaick; Billett, David S. M.; Cunha, Marina R.; Marchais-Laguionie, Clare; Glover, Adrian G. (2016). New <em>Prionospio</em> and <em>Aurospio</em> Species from the Deep Sea (Annelida: Polychaeta). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4092(1): 1-32., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4092.1.1 [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Peixoto, Antônio João Malafaia; Paiva, Paulo Cesar de. (2019). New <i>Prionospio</i> and <i>Laubieriellus</i> (Annelida: Spionidae) species from Southeastern Brazil. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4577(3): 529-547., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4577.3.7
page(s): 531-532; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus): Genus diagnosis emended to include "Branchiae from chaetiger 2, chaetiger 3 or rarely absent. Branchiae limited to anterior chaetigers, 0-15 pairs [...]." [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Sigvaldadóttir, E. (1998). Cladistic analysis and classification of <i>Prionospio</i> and related general (Polychaeta, Spionidae). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 27(3): 175-187., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1998.tb00435.x [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

identification resource Delgado-Blas, V. H. 2014. Redescriptions and reestablishments of some species belonging to the genus Prionospio (Polychaeta, Spionidae) and descriptions of three new species. Helgoland Marine Research 68(1): 113-132, available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-013-0372-1
page(s): [Key to known species of Prionospio with five pairs of branchiae] [details]   

identification resource Delgado-Blas, Víctor Hugo. (2015). <em>Prionospio</em> (Polychaeta, Spionidae) from the Grand Caribbean Region, with the descriptions of five new species and a key to species recorded in the area. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3905(1): 69-90., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3905.1.4
note: Caribbean species key [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Malmgren (1867: 93): ''Corpus elongatum sublineare postice sensim paullum attenuatam. Lobus cephalicus brevis parte frontale parum elevata subrectangulare apice transversa. Antennae nullae. Tentaculum haud conspicuum. Oculi nulli. Tubercula setigera similia pinnis compressis parum discretis, labiis minutis, magnis foliaceis modo in segmentis 4 anticis obviis. Branchiae, paria 4, liberae in segmentis 4 anticis obviae, dorso adnatae, paris primi et quarti aequales ceteris longiores pinnatae, paris secundi et tertii multo breviores aequales filiformes. Setae in segmentis anticis modo capillares in utraque pinna, in posticis segmentis capillares et uncinatae in pinna ventrali, modo capillares in dorsali. Setae capillares versus apicem attenuatum curvatum anguste limbatae in segmentis anticis, in posticis rectae tenuissime attenuatae haud limbatae. Uncini rostrati apice limbati, vertice unidentati. Seta infima rami inferioris in segmentis mediis linearis falcis instar curvata.''
 [details]

Etymology Prionospio is composed by the Greek noun prion, meaning 'saw', followed by the name of the genus Spio Fabricius, 1785, type of the family Spionidae, and refers presumably to the saw-like appearance in profile of the pinnate branchiae of the genotype, Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (see Malmgren, 1867: plate IX fig. 55B). [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Type species Type species P. steenstrupi Malmgren 1867 in Fauchald, 1977<246>. [details]
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