WoRDSS banner


Deep-Sea taxon details

Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844

130544  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130544)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Delle Chiaje, S. (1841-1844). Descrizione e notomia degli animali invertebrati della Sicilia citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. <em>Batteli & Co., Naples.</em> Parts 1-8., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031#/summary
page(s): v.8:31, plate 175 (1844) [details]   
Description Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and...  
Description Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and membraneous gills. The segments number 30 and differ in length. The flexible
tube of cemented sand grains and shell fragments is longer than the worm itself. The worm is able to
withdraw from the end protruding from the sediment surface, which subsequently bends down. [details]

Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod  
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod [details]

Distribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only...  
Distribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only observed in the near-coastal zone with the exception of eastern coastal zone. Whereas O. fusiformis was only found in low densities in the 1976-1986 period (maximum 15 ind./m2), densities up to 500 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Distribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern...  
Distribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern part of the Oyster Ground. The species is also found in the southern part of the study area, viz. near the coast and in the easternmost part of the Oosterschelde. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea%20/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130544 on 2019-10-18
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130544 on 2019-10-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Delle Chiaje, S. (1841-1844). Descrizione e notomia degli animali invertebrati della Sicilia citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. <em>Batteli & Co., Naples.</em> Parts 1-8., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031#/summary
page(s): v.8:31, plate 175 (1844) [details]   

original description  (of Ammochares aedificator Andrews, 1891) Andrews, Ethan Allen. (1891). Report upon the Annelida Polychaeta of Beaufort, North Carolina. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 14(852): 277-302, plates XII-XVIII., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7543195 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Budaeva N.E., Jirkov I.A., Savilova T.A., Paterson G.L.J. (2014). Deep-sea fauna of European seas: An annotated species check-list of benthic invertebrates living deeper than 2000 m in the seas bordering Europe. Polychaeta. <i>Invertebrate Zoology</i>. Vol.11. No.1: 217–230 [in English]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (HKRMS) Lam WY. (2007). Response of marine macrobenthic communities upon recovery from organic pollution. Mphil thesis. City University of Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2015): Macrobenthos monitoring in function of the Water Framework Directive in the period 2007-2009. [details]   

additional source McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. <em>A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids.</em> The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38532650 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). <em>Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.</em> Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Helm, Conrad; Vöcking, Oliver; Kourtesis, Ioannis; Hausen, Harald. (2016). Owenia fusiformis – a basally branching annelid suitable for studying ancestral features of annelid neural development. <em>BMC Evolutionary Biology.</em> 16(1)., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0690-4
note: larval development [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Augener, Hermann. (1934). Polychaeten aus den Zoologischen Museen von Leiden und Amsterdam. – IV. (Schluss). <em>Zoologische Mededeelingen, Leiden.</em> 17(8): 67-160 [includes figs. 14-31 + figure captions for the 4 issues of the series]., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/318471 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Augener, H. (1914). Polychaeta II: Sedentaria. pp. 1-72. In: Michaelsen, W. and Hartmeyer, R. (Eds.). Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Ergebnisse der Hamburger südwest-australischen Forschungsreise 1905. Volume 5. Gustav Fischer. Jena. [details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). <em>Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco.</em> 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1927). Polychètes sédentaires. Addenda aux errantes, Arachiannélides, Myzostomaires. <em>Faune de France Volume 16. Paul Lechevalier. Paris.</em> 1-494., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/P.FAUVEL(FdeFr16)Polychetes-sendentaires.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

status source Dauvin, J.C. and Thiebaut, Eric. (1994). Is Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje a cosmopolitan species?. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national D'histoire naturelle.</em> 162: 383-404.
note: maintain that Owenia fusiformis is widely distributed [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Authority Delle Chiaje, 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

Editor's comment Biologists should be wary of cryptic species in Owenia, and that not all information recorded under Owenia fusiformis in the past (it was regarded as worldwide) may relate to that species. Deepsea records of O. fusiformis are likely to be misidentifications. [details]

Publication date 1844. [Tome 8 and plates 174-181 were published in 1844 according to Sherborn] [details]

From other sources
Biology Main spawning period is short, viz. from June to July. The larvae remain in the plankton for at least four weeks. This species seems able to adapt its reproductive strategy to different environmental conditions. In more temperate waters O. fusiformis produces a distinctive type of planktotrophic larva and breeding occurs in autumn.


O. fusiformis lives in tubes that are partly buried in the sediment and partly extended from the sediment. It is able to live in low oxygen concentrations for a short time.


O. fusiformis selectively ingests suspended and deposited particles. It feeds by means of the lobed tentacular crown, either in an upright position or bent over to the sediment surface, thereby exposing its anterior part. The species is often found in stomachs of flatfish, haddock and cod (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Fish & Fish, 1989; Gentil et al., 1990). [details]


Description Tube-living bristle worm with a cylindrical body up to 100 mm long. The head features a crown of six
short, branched and membraneous gills. The segments number 30 and differ in length. The flexible
tube of cemented sand grains and shell fragments is longer than the worm itself. The worm is able to
withdraw from the end protruding from the sediment surface, which subsequently bends down. [details]

Distribution Bay of Fundy to Cape Cod [details]

Distribution Owenia fusiformis has a limited distribution on the Belgian part of the North Sea: in both periods the species was only observed in the near-coastal zone with the exception of eastern coastal zone. Whereas O. fusiformis was only found in low densities in the 1976-1986 period (maximum 15 ind./m2), densities up to 500 ind./m2 were recorded in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Distribution O. fusiformis mainly occurs north of the 30 m isobath up to the Dogger Bank, with the highest densities in the northern part of the Oyster Ground. The species is also found in the southern part of the study area, viz. near the coast and in the easternmost part of the Oosterschelde. [details]

Habitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Habitat Although Owenia fusiformis can be found in fine to coarse sediments (150 to 500 μm) the species only reaches a high relative occurrence in the finer sediments. Sediment has to contain mud to be suitable for O. fusiformis. The highest relative occurrence is reached in sediments with a mud content of 10 to 40%. Owenia fusiformis does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 40%. [details]

Habitat In the study area O. fusiformis is predominantly found in substrates composed of fine sand with a high mud content, such as occur in the Oyster Ground. The distribution of this species is thought to be determined by temperature (Wolff, 1973). [details]

Morphology A species with a long, cylindrical body lacking parapodia. The frontal end of the body consists of a circle of short, fringed tentacles. The maximum length amounts to 50 mm with 30 segments. The body is greenish or yellowish, with paler transverse bands. The tube is characteristic, tapering towards one end and composed of overlapping shell fragments or sand grains (Fager, 1964; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English tubeworm  [details]
German spindelförmige Owenie  [details]
Japanese チマキゴカイ  [details]
INDEEP logo NHM logo NOC logo Soton logo WoRMS logo OBIS logo Plymouth University's Marine Institute logo
Website hosted & developed by VLIZ · contact: WoRDSS Team