WoRDSS banner


Deep-Sea taxon details

Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856

939  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:939)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Admetellinae Uschakov, 1977
Subfamily Arctonoinae Hanley, 1989
Subfamily Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Subfamily Lepidastheniinae Pettibone, 1989
Subfamily Lepidonotinae Willey, 1902
Subfamily Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971
  » Genus Austropolaria Neal, Barnich, Wiklund & Glover, 2012
  » Genus Bathybahamas Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Bathycanadia Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Bathycatalina Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathyedithia Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathyeliasona Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathyfauvelia Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathykermadeca Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathykurila Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathylevensteina Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathymacella Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Bathymariana Levenstein, 1978
  » Genus Bathymiranda Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Bathypolaria Levenstein, 1981
  » Genus Bathytasmania Levenstein, 1982
  » Genus Bathyvitiazia Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Branchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Branchiplicatus Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Branchipolynoe Pettibone, 1984
  » Genus Bruunilla Hartman, 1971
  » Genus Lepidonotopodium Pettibone, 1983
  » Genus Levensteiniella Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Macellicephala McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Macellicephaloides Uschakov, 1955
  » Genus Macelloides Uschakov, 1957
  » Genus Natopolynoe Pettibone, 1985
  » Genus Peinaleopolynoe Desbruyères & Laubier, 1988
  » Genus Polaruschakov Pettibone, 1976
  » Genus Thermopolynoe Miura, 1994
  » Genus Vampiropolynoe Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
  » Genus Opisthotrochopodus Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Branchinotogluma Pettibone, 1985 (male morph subjective synonym)
Subfamily Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Acanthicolepis McIntosh, 1900
  » Genus Antarctinoe Barnich, Fiege, Micaletto & Gambi, 2006
  » Genus Antinoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Austrolaenilla Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Barrukia Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Bathynotalia Levenstein, 1982
  » Genus Brychionoe Hanley & Burke, 1991
  » Genus Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919
  » Genus Enipo Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Eucranta Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Eunoe Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Gattyana McIntosh, 1897
  » Genus Gorekia Bergström, 1916
  » Genus Gorgoniapolynoe Pettibone, 1991
  » Genus Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Hermadion Kinberg, 1856
  » Genus Heteropolynoe Bidenkap, 1907
  » Genus Hololepidella Willey, 1905
  » Genus Kermadecella Darboux, 1899
  » Genus Lagisca Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Leucia Malmgren, 1867
  » Genus Malmgrenia McIntosh, 1874
  » Genus Malmgreniella Hartman, 1967
  » Genus Melaenis Malmgren, 1865
  » Genus Neobylgides Pettibone, 1993
  » Genus Neolagisca Barnich & Fiege, 2000
  » Genus Neopolynoe Loshamn, 1981
  » Genus Paralepidonotus Horst, 1915
  » Genus Polyeunoa McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Polynoe Lamarck, 1818
  » Genus Robertianella McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Scalisetosus McIntosh, 1885
  » Genus Subadyte Pettibone, 1969
  » Genus Tottonpolynoe Pettibone, 1991
  » Genus Antinoana Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Antinoella Augener, 1928 accepted as Bylgides Chamberlin, 1919 (subjective synonym)
  » Genus Evarne Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (Homonym, replacement Evarnella a synonym)
  » Genus Laenilla Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Harmothoe Kinberg, 1856 (subjective synonym, in part at least in Harmothoe)
  » Genus Nemidia Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Enipo Malmgren, 1865 (subjective synonym)

Subfamily Polynoidae incertae sedis (temporary name)

Subfamily Bathyedithinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Bathymacellinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Branchinotogluminae Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Branchiplicatinae Pettibone, 1985 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Branchipolynoinae Pettibone, 1984 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone, 1983 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Macelloidinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Polaruschakovinae Pettibone, 1976 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
Subfamily Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002 accepted as Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schröder, 1971 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2019-06-20
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Polynoidae Kinberg, 1856. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=939 on 2019-06-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2007-01-18 14:44:44Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed
2013-11-17 03:35:09Z
changed
2014-07-02 10:50:40Z
changed

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383 [as family Polynoina] [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Wehe, Thomas. (2006). Revision of the scale worms (Polychaeta:Aphroditoidea) occurring in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. Part I: Polynoidae. <i>Fauna of Arabia</i>. 22: 23–197. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Barnich, Ruth; Fiege, Dieter. (2003). The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 559: 1-167., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea [details]   

identification resource Barnich, Ruth. (2011). Identification of scale worms in British and Irish waters. NMBAQC 2010 taxonomic workshop, Dove Marine Laboratory. 52 pp., available online at http://www.nmbaqcs.org/scheme-components/invertebrates/literature-and-taxonomic-keys/identification-of-scale-worms.aspx [details]   

identification resource Chambers, S.J. & Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. <em>Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series).</em> 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 67 [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. 1969. Review of some species referred to Scalisetosus McIntosh (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82: 1-30., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10088/3412 [details]   

identification resource Barnich, R.; Gambi, M. C.; Fiege, D. (2012). Revision of the genus <em>Polyeunoa</em> McIntosh, 1885 (Polychaeta, Polynoidae). <i>Zootaxa</i>. 3523: 25-38., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3523.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority Malmgren (1867:4) may have been the first to use the "Polynoidae" spelling, but he cites Kinberg's (1856) family "Polynoina" which seems sufficient indication to credit Kinberg with the authorship of the family. [details]

Classification Remarkable for the number of small subfamilies which have been erected. The total is twenty one, or twenty two including the nominal subfamily (Polynoinae), and Hanley (1989) lists 17 to that date. As an example Pettibone (1985) had established subfamily Branchinotogluminae for a single new genus Branchinotogluma with three new species, and earlier (1976) she had created five new subfamilies (Macellicephaloidinae, Macelloidinae, Bathyedithinae, Polaruschakovinae, Bathymacellinae). She has created 12 subfamilies in Polynoidae. The latest subfamily is Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006, for one genus, with one species imperfectly known. The validity of all these subfamilies needs re-evaluation.

Polynoidae sub-families in chronological order (updated from Hanley, 1989)

Polynoinae Kinberg, 1856 [nominal]
Iphioninae Baird 1865
Lepidonotinae Willey 1902
Harmothoinae Willey 1902 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Macellicephalinae Hartmann-Schroder 1971
Bathyedithinae Pettibone 1976
Polaruschakovinae Pettibone 1976
Macelloidinae Pettibone 1976
Macellicephaloidinae Pettibone 1976
Bathymacellinae Pettibone 1976
Admetellinae Uschakov 1977
Polyodontinae Muir 1982 [= family Acoetidae]
Gesiellinae Muir 1982
Lepidonotopodinae Pettibone 1983
Branchipolynoinae Pettibone 1984
Branchiplicatinae Pettibone 1985a
Branchinotogluminae Pettibone 1985b
Lepidastheniinae Pettibone 1989
Acholoinae Pettibone, 1996 [= Polynoinae Kinberg]
Eulagiscinae Pettibone, 1997
Vampiropolynoinae Marcus & Hourdez, 2002
Uncopolynoinae Wehe, 2006
 [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch zeerupsen  [details]
English scalewormspolynoids  [details]
German Schuppenwürmer  [details]
Japanese ウロコムシ  [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 060666)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]

INDEEP logo NHM logo NOC logo Soton logo WoRMS logo OBIS logo Plymouth University's Marine Institute logo
Website hosted & developed by VLIZ · contact: WoRDSS Team