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Deep-Sea taxon details

Sternaspidae Carus, 1863

974  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:974)

accepted
Family
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Carus, J. Victor 1863. Vermes, in W. C. H. Peters, J.V. Carus and C.E.A. Gerstäcker eds., Handbuch der zoologie: Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, p. 422-484., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1092677
page(s): 453 [details]   
Nomenclature Carus (1863) placed his 'Sternaspidea' family in Class Gephyrea  
Nomenclature Carus (1863) placed his 'Sternaspidea' family in Class Gephyrea [details]

Taxonomy Drennan et al (2019) discuss use of the ventro-caudal shield as a generic character without molecular support. They state...  
Taxonomy Drennan et al (2019) discuss use of the ventro-caudal shield as a generic character without molecular support. They state "sequences identified as Caulleryaspis cf. nuda [were found] to be nested within Sternaspis as an immediate sister to S. cf. williamsae. Caulleryaspis nuda has previously been noted to resemble S. williamsae, particularly in terms of overall shield outline and the presence of a thin, loosely adhered layer of sediment on the shield ..." also that "If attributes of the ventro-caudal shield are found to be unreliable diagnostic characters in future assessments, there is a possibility that many currently valid species may be composed of morphologically similar yet genetically distinct species. Conversely, multiple species may be in fact be part of a single species with considerable intraspecific morphological variability, as was found in S. sendalli." [details]
Deep-Sea (2018). Sternaspidae Carus, 1863. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=974 on 2019-10-18
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Sternaspidae Carus, 1863. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=974 on 2019-10-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-03-03 00:50:30Z
changed

original description Carus, J. Victor 1863. Vermes, in W. C. H. Peters, J.V. Carus and C.E.A. Gerstäcker eds., Handbuch der zoologie: Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, p. 422-484., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1092677
page(s): 453 [details]   

taxonomy source Drennan, Regan; Wiklund, Helena; Rouse, Greg W.; Georgieva, Magdalena N.; Wu, Xuwen; Kobayashi, Genki; Yoshino, Kenji; Glover, Adrian G. (2019). Taxonomy and phylogeny of mud owls (Annelida: Sternaspidae), including a new synonymy and new records from the Southern Ocean, North East Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean: challenges in morphological delimitation. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> efirst: 1-39., available online at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12526-019-00998-0 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Dauvin, J.-C.; Dewarumez, J.-M.; Gentil, F. (2003). Liste actualisée des espèces d'Annélides Polychètes présentes en Manche [An up to date list of polychaetous annelids from the English Channel]. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 44(1): 67-95., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/sites/www.sb-roscoff.fr/files/documents/station-biologique-roscoff-dauvinal2003-3835.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

identification resource Sendall, Kelly; Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio. 2013. Revision of Sternaspis Otto, 1821 (Polychaeta, Sternaspidae). ZooKeys 286(0): 1-74 [details]   

identification resource Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio; Buzhinskaja, Galina. 2013. Six new deep-water sternaspid species (Annelida, Sternaspidae) from the Pacific Ocean. ZooKeys 348(0): 1-27, available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.348.5449 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification [From Sendall & Salazar-Vallejo (2013:18)] "An analysis of morphology and six genes (Zrzavý et al. 2009) did not clarify the affinities for sternaspids because different approaches gave different topologies or affinities. Thus, their Bayesian combination indicates Sternaspidae are a sister group to a clade including sabellids-serpulids, sabellariids, and Trochochaeta- Spionidae-Poecilochaetus. The unweighted maximum-parsimony indicates they form a clade with sabellariids, which is a sister group to Sabellidae and Trochochaeta-Spionidae- Poecilochaetus. The weighted maximum-parsimony indicates they group with Fauveliopsidae, and together become a sister group for Sabellidae- Serpulidae, which is a sister group to Sabellariidae and the other grouped taxa of former analysis." [details]

Nomenclature Carus (1863) placed his 'Sternaspidea' family in Class Gephyrea [details]

Taxonomy Drennan et al (2019) discuss use of the ventro-caudal shield as a generic character without molecular support. They state "sequences identified as Caulleryaspis cf. nuda [were found] to be nested within Sternaspis as an immediate sister to S. cf. williamsae. Caulleryaspis nuda has previously been noted to resemble S. williamsae, particularly in terms of overall shield outline and the presence of a thin, loosely adhered layer of sediment on the shield ..." also that "If attributes of the ventro-caudal shield are found to be unreliable diagnostic characters in future assessments, there is a possibility that many currently valid species may be composed of morphologically similar yet genetically distinct species. Conversely, multiple species may be in fact be part of a single species with considerable intraspecific morphological variability, as was found in S. sendalli." [details]
 



LanguageName 
English mud-owlgooseberry worm  [details]
Japanese ダルマゴカイ  [details]
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