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Polychaeta source details

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I.; Zhadan, Anna E.; Rizzo, Alexandra E. (2019). Revision of Fauveliopsidae Hartman, 1971 (Annelida, Sedentaria). Zootaxa. 4637(1): 1-67.
353310
10.11646/zootaxa.4637.1.1 [view]
Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I.; Zhadan, Anna E.; Rizzo, Alexandra E.
2019
Revision of Fauveliopsidae Hartman, 1971 (Annelida, Sedentaria)
Zootaxa
4637(1): 1-67
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Abyssal polychaetes are usually difficult to be identified because they are small, their body patterns differ from their shallow water relatives, their delicate bodies are often damaged during sampling and sieving, and their taxonomy is in need of revision. Members of the family Fauveliopsidae Hartman, 1971 are widespread in deep ocean basins and they follow the above statements. In this contribution, we present a revision of all available type and non-type material for the family. Our objective is to provide keys to identify genera and species, as well as standardized diagnoses, and illustrations for most species, excluding those described since 2011, or where type material was not available. One genus, Riseriopsis n. gen., is proposed and four species are newly described. The Fauveliopsidae now includes 24 species in three genera: Fauveliopsis McIntosh, 1922 (13 species), Laubieriopsis Petersen, 2000 (8 species), and Riseriopsis n. gen. (3 species). Fauveliopsis includes species usually living inside gastropod or scaphopod shells or foraminiferan tubes, Laubieriopsis and Riseriopsis include species commonly regarded as free living, although some species of the latter have very long bodies and have been found inside soft tubes. Fauveliopsis includes: F. adriatica Katzmann & Laubier, 1974, F. armata Fauchald & Hancock, 1981, F. brattegardi Fauchald, 1972a, F. brevipodus Hartman, 1971, F. challengeriae McIntosh, 1922, F. glabra (Hartman in Hartman & Barnard, 1960), F. jameoaquensis Núñez in Núñez, Ocaña & Brito, 1997, F. levensteinae n. sp., F. magalhaesi n. sp., F. magna Fauchald & Hancock, 1981, F. olgae Hartmann-Schröder, 1983, F. rugosa Fauchald, 1972b, and F. scabra Hartman & Fauchald, 1971. Laubieriopsis includes: L. arenicola (Riser, 1987), L. blakei n. sp., L. brevis (Hartman, 1965), L. cabiochi (Amoureux, 1982), L. fauchaldi (Katzmann & Laubier, 1974) n. comb., L. hartmanae (Levenstein, 1970) reinst., L. norvegica Zhadan & Atroshchenko, 2012, and L. petersenae Magalhães, Bailey-Brock & Rizzo, 2014. Riseriopsis includes: R. arabica (Hartman, 1976) n. comb., R. confusa (Thiel, Purschke & Böggemann, 2011) n. comb., and R. santosae n. sp.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2019-07-12 01:51:17Z
created

Holotype LACM 11291, geounit Chile, identified as Laubieriopsis blakei Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype LACM 11292, geounit Chile, identified as Laubieriopsis blakei Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Holotype UERJ 1336, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Fauveliopsis magalhaesi Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype ECOSUR 208, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Fauveliopsis magalhaesi Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype ECOSUR 209, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Fauveliopsis magalhaesi Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype ECOSUR 210, geounit Chile, identified as Laubieriopsis blakei Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype ECOSUR 211, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Riseriopsis santosae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Holotype UERJ 6043, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Riseriopsis santosae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype UERJ 6077, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Riseriopsis santosae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype UERJ 6953, geounit Campos Basin, identified as Riseriopsis santosae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Holotype IORAS Vi 6142, geounit Aleutian Islands, identified as Fauveliopsis levensteinae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Paratype IORAS Vi 6142p, geounit Aleutian Islands, identified as Fauveliopsis levensteinae Salazar-Vallejo, Zhadan & Rizzo, 2019
Neotype ZMMU WS11255, geounit Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, identified as Fauveliopsis hartmani Levenstein, 1970
 Diagnosis

"Fauveliopsids with body cylindrical, slightly swollen anteriorly, markedly swollen posteriorly. Anterior and ... [details]

 Distribution

Northern Pacific Ocean: from off Japan and Kamchatka Peninsula to the Aleutian Islands. [details]

 Distribution

South Atlantic Ocean: Campos Basin (off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). [details]

 Distribution

Southeastern Pacific Ocean: from off Peru to off Chile. [details]

 Distribution

South Atlantic Ocean: Campos Basin (off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). [details]

 Etymology

"The species name is made after Dr. Raisa Y. Levenstein in recognition of her publications on deep-sea polychaetes, ... [details]

 Etymology

"The species name is made after Dr. Wagner Magalhães in recognition of his careful study of polychaetes species, ... [details]

 Etymology

"This species is named for Dr. James A. Blake in recognition of his many publications on polychaetes, several of ... [details]

 Etymology

"The genus is named to honor the late Dr. Nathan W. Riser in recognition of his careful study of one fauveliopsid ... [details]

 Etymology

"This species is being named to honor our colleague Cinthya S.G. Santos, from the Universidade Federal Fluminense, ... [details]

 Habitat

Bathyal and abyssal sediments (1641-6280 m). [details]

 Habitat

Bathyal and abyssal sediments (1355-2494 m), probably living in scaphopod shells. [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal sediments (3739-5858 m). [details]

 Habitat

Mud, in shelf depths (410-415 m). [details]

 Neotype

Neotype ZMMU WS11255, created by Salazar-Vallejo et al (2019). A neotype is always attached to the original name, ... [details]

 Spelling

Levenstein (1972) has two instances of a changed spelling of 'hartmanae' for Levenstein's (1970) original ... [details]

 Type locality

(Neotype) Latitude of N Japan, abyssal plain adjacent to the Kurile-Kamtchatka Trench, 40.2082, 148.09 ... [details]

 Type locality

Off Aleutian Islands, North Pacific Ocean (52.2667°, -163.5667°), 5000 m. [details]

 Type locality

Campos Basin, off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean (-22.8694°, -40.0872°), 2455 m. [details]

 Type locality

SW off Concepción, Chile, Southeastern Pacific Ocean (-37.95°, -75.1333°), 4303-4323 m. [details]

 Type locality

Campos Basin, off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean (-20.5875°, -39.8958°), 415 m. [details]