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Polychaeta source details

Pettibone, Marian H. (1971). Revision of some species referred to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 104: 1-53.
51361
10.5479/si.00810282.104 [view]
Pettibone, Marian H.
1971
Revision of some species referred to <i>Leptonereis</i>, <i>Nicon</i>, and <i>Laeonereis</i> (Polychaeta: Nereididae)
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
104: 1-53
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). First use of "Nereididae"
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Some 47 nereid species, which have been referred directly or indirectly to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis, are reviewed and revised, based on examination of type-specimens, where available, and additional nereid material. Diagnoses are given for eight genera, two of them emended and two of them new. Sixteen species (including 16 synonyms) are referred to the eight genera, one of which is considered to be new. Supplementary descriptions and figures are given for fourteen of them. Four additional species are referred to Platynereis Kinberg, one of which is described and figured. Four species are considered to be indeterminable.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2013-09-07 01:49:27Z
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2015-04-16 22:30:17Z
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2016-03-04 14:33:50Z
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2019-04-03 22:53:35Z
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Ceratocephale corallicola Reish, 1968 accepted as Websterinereis foli (Fauvel, 1930) (source of synonymy)
Ceratonereis tridentata (Webster, 1879) accepted as Websterinereis tridentata (Webster, 1880) (new combination reference)
Chinonereis edestus Chamberlin, 1924 accepted as Tylorrhynchus heterochetus (Quatrefages, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Kinberginereis Pettibone, 1971 (original description)
Kinberginereis inermis (Hoagland, 1920) (new combination reference)
Laeonereis ankyloseta Day, 1957 accepted as Websterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (source of synonymy)
Laeonereis culveri (Webster, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Laeonereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) accepted as Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Leonnates pusillus Langerhans, 1880 accepted as Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Leptonereis Kinberg, 1865 (emendation (re-diagnosis of genus))
Leptonereis davidi Fishelson & Rullier, 1969 (status source)
Leptonereis laevis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Leptonereis mexicana Treadwell, 1942 accepted as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942) (new combination reference)
Leptonereis nota Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Laeonereis culveri (Webster, 1879) (status source)
Leptonereis punctata Wesenberg-Lund, 1949 accepted as Websterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (source of synonymy)
Leptonereis vaillanti (Saint-Joseph, 1888) accepted as Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Leptonereis zebra Rullier, 1963 accepted as Rullierinereis zebra (Rullier, 1963) (source of synonymy)
Nereidae [auctt.] accepted as Nereididae Blainville, 1818 (redescription)
Nereididae Blainville, 1818 (redescription)
Nereis (Leptonereis) cebuensis Grube, 1878 accepted as Platynereis cebuensis (Grube, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Nereis (Leptonereis) distorta Treadwell, 1936 accepted as Tylorrhynchus heterochetus (Quatrefages, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Nereis (Leptonereis) glauca Claparède, 1870 accepted as Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) (new combination reference)
Nereis (Leptonereis) inermis Hoagland, 1920 accepted as Kinberginereis inermis (Hoagland, 1920) (source of synonymy)
Nereis (Leptonereis) vaillanti Saint-Joseph, 1888 accepted as Websterinereis glauca (Claparède, 1870) (source of synonymy)
Nereis tridentata Webster, 1879 accepted as Websterinereis tridentata (Webster, 1880) (new combination reference)
Nicomedes difficilis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Nicon Kinberg, 1865 (identification resource)
Nicon aestuariensis Knox, 1951 (redescription)
Nicon benhami Hartman, 1967 accepted as Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Nicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953 accepted as Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Nicon lackeyi Hartman, 1958 accepted as Stenoninereis lackeyi (Hartman, 1958) (source of synonymy)
Nicon peruviana Berkeley & Berkeley, 1964 (status source)
Nicon pictus Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Nicon punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Websterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (source of synonymy)
Nicon tahitanus Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Nicon virgini Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Platynereis cebuensis (Grube, 1878) (basis of record)
Rullierinereis Pettibone, 1971 (original description)
Rullierinereis bahamensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1958) (new combination reference)
Rullierinereis gallardoi Pettibone, 1971 (original description)
Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942) (redescription)
Rullierinereis uncinata (Hartman, 1965) (new combination reference)
Rullierinereis zebra (Rullier, 1963) (new combination reference)
Tylorrhynchus chinensis Grube, 1866 accepted as Tylorrhynchus heterochetus (Quatrefages, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Tylorrhynchus hetereochaetosus [auct. misspelling] accepted as Tylorrhynchus heterochetus (Quatrefages, 1866) (basis of record)
Tylorrhynchus heterochetus (Quatrefages, 1866) (additional source)
Websterinereis Pettibone, 1971 (original description)
Websterinereis foli (Fauvel, 1930) (basis of record)
Websterinereis foli (Fauvel, 1930) (source of synonymy)
Websterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (new combination reference)
Websterinereis tridentata (Webster, 1880) (redescription)
Nontype USNM 24481, geounit Panamanian part of the North Pacific Ocean, identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)
Nontype AMNH 2614, geounit Galapagos Islands, identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)
Nontype AMNH 2621, geounit Galapagos Islands, identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)
Nontype USNM 35813, geounit Mexican Pacific Is., identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)
Nontype USNM 43406, geounit Tampa Bay, identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)
Nontype USNM 43407, geounit Galapagos Islands, identified as Rullierinereis mexicana (Treadwell, 1942)


 Biology

From Pettibone (1971: 13): ''It appears to have a two-year life cycle. At sexual maturity it forms heteronereids ... [details]

 Depth range

About 13 m. [details]

 Depth range

92-1153 m; holotype collected in shallow water ['summa aqua']. [details]

 Diagnosis

"Prostomium subpyriform, with paired frontal antennae, biarticulate palps, and two pairs of eyes. Tentacular ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Emended diagnosis by Pettibone (1971: 7): "Prostomium subpyriform, with paired frontal antennae, biarticulate ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Pettibone (1971: 31): ''Prostomium subpyriform, with paired frontal antennae, biarticulate ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Pettibone (1971: 19): ''Prostomium subpyriform, with paired frontal antennae, biarticulate ... [details]

 Distribution

Philippine Islands: Palawan Island (Malampaya Sound, Cliff Island). [details]

 Distribution

Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (off La Plata River) to Southern Ocean; species common in Antarctic and Subantarctic ... [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Southern California and Western Mexico.  [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Galapagos Islands; Lower California (Mexico); Gulf of California (Sinaloa, Mexico); Pacific side of ... [details]

 Editor's comment

In WoRMS prior to March 2015 Websterinereis punctata was mistakenly placed as a synonym of the combination of Nicon ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus is named for Johan Gustaf Hyalmar Kinberg (b. Grönby parish, Skåne, Sweden, 13 May 1820 - d. St. ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus is named for Dr. Louis François Rullier (1907-1981), Université Catholique d'Angers, France, ''eminent ... [details]

 Etymology

The genus is named in honour of Dr. Harrison Edwin Webster (b. Angelica, Allegany County, New York, USA, 8 ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine. [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine. [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine. [details]

 Habitat

Mud, at shallow waters. [details]

 Habitat

Algae, sand, gravel, stones, or mud, at shelf to bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Known only from epitokous stages. Collected on surface or in the water column. [details]

 New combination

The species appears under the new combination Nereis aestuarensis [sic] in Fauchald et al. (2009: 771). However, no ... [details]

 New combination

Although Pettibone referred Nicon peruviana to Platynereis based on the paragnaths of the epitoke, she did not make ... [details]

 Reproduction

"Gravid females with no sign of epitoky have been found. Monro (1930:108, as Leptonereis loxechini) described a ... [details]

 Status

From Pettibone (1971: 49): "The holotype consists of a small specimen, 8 mm in length, 1 mm in width, including ... [details]

 Status

From Hartman (1948: 57): "The single specimen is poorly preserved. The anterior end and proboscis are missing. ... [details]

 Status

According to Pettibone (1971:49) the holotype NRS 494 is too poor for an adequate description. "For the present, N. ... [details]

 Status

Names in Uchida (2004) appear to be unavailable. There is no deposition information, contrary to Article 16. No ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Pettibone examined syntypes. She has almost no comparative comments, and nothing on why she made Leptonereis zebra ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to different genus. [details]

 Taxonomy

Moved to different genus. [details]

 Taxonomy

Nicon polaris was regarded as doubtfully in Nicon by Pettibone (1971), and de León-González & Trovant (2013) seem ... [details]

 Type material

Syntypes deposited in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden (NRS 3863, 3 syntypes). [details]