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Polychaeta taxon details

Terebella plagiostoma Schmarda, 1861

340127  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:340127)

accepted
Species
Neottis rugosa Ehlers, 1897 (subjective synonym)
Thelepus plagiostoma (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded subsequent combination)
Thelepus rugosus (Ehlers, 1897) (recombination of subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 41, text-figures a-c in the lower part of page 41, plate XXIV fig. 196 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Note Original type locality: New Zealand...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Original type locality: New Zealand ("Neu-Seeland"). Neotype from Papanui Inlet, Otago Peninsula, Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand, Pacific Ocean (-45.85°, 170.7167°). [details]
Depth range Intertidal.  
Depth range Intertidal. [details]

Distribution New Zealand (widespread).  
Distribution New Zealand (widespread). [details]

Etymology The specific epithet plagiostoma is composed by the Greek adjective plagios, meaning 'oblique', and the Greek noun stoma,...  
Etymology The specific epithet plagiostoma is composed by the Greek adjective plagios, meaning 'oblique', and the Greek noun stoma, meaning 'mouth', and refers to the shape of the mouth opening (see Schmarda, 1861: plate XXIV fig. 194). [details]

Taxonomy Hutchings & Smith (1997: 332 & 344) designate a neotype and redescribe. The transfer to Thelepus by Benham (1909) and...  
Taxonomy Hutchings & Smith (1997: 332 & 344) designate a neotype and redescribe. The transfer to Thelepus by Benham (1909) and others is not correct. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Terebella plagiostoma Schmarda, 1861. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=340127 on 2020-02-28
Date
action
by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-06-15 22:21:14Z
changed

original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 41, text-figures a-c in the lower part of page 41, plate XXIV fig. 196 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Thelepus setosus africana Day, 1951) Day, John H. (1951). The polychaete fauna of South Africa. Part 1. The intertidal and estuarine Polychaeta of Natal and Mosambique. <em>Annals of the Natal Museum.</em> 12(1): 1-67. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Neottis rugosa Ehlers, 1897) Ehlers, Ernst. (1897). Zur Kenntnis der ostafrikanischen Borstenwurmer. <em>Nachrichten von der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse.</em> Jahre [Year] 1897: 158-176., available online at http://www.digizeitschriften.de/en/dms/img/?PID=GDZPPN002497816
page(s): 171-172 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Terebella heterobranchia Schmarda, 1861) Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 42, text-figures a-b in the upper part of page 42, plate XXIV fig. 197 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 366 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

source of synonymy Benham, W.B. 1909. Report on the Polychaeta of the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand. Reports on the Geophysics, Geology, Zoology and Botany of the Islands lying to the south of New Zeland, based mainly on observations and collections made during an expedition on the government steamer HINEMOA in November l907 1: 236-250., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24000003#page/282/mode/1up
page(s): 247; note: now superseded transfer to Thelepus [details]   

redescription Hutchings, Patricia A.; Smith, Ralph I. (1997). Descriptions of new species and comments on previously described species of terebellid polychaetes from New Zealand and Australia. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 60(2): 324-349., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/umrsmas/bullmar/1997/00000060/00000002/art00014
page(s): 344; note: reverts back from recombination to Thelepus [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Neotype AM W.22578, geounit Otago Peninsula [details]
Nontype AM W.22587, geounit Otago Peninsula [details]
Nontype NHMUK 1995.1658, geounit Otago Peninsula [details]
Nontype USNM 170024, geounit Otago Peninsula [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Intertidal. [details]

Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Schmarda (1861: 41): "Corpus flavo-rubescens. Branchiae cephalicae pallidiores, breves; laterales cinnabarinae, parvae. In ultimis segmentis pinnulae. Os transversum[details]

Distribution New Zealand (widespread). [details]

Etymology The specific epithet plagiostoma is composed by the Greek adjective plagios, meaning 'oblique', and the Greek noun stoma, meaning 'mouth', and refers to the shape of the mouth opening (see Schmarda, 1861: plate XXIV fig. 194). [details]

Habitat Common in Chione shell-banks, lives in sandy tubes clustered in empty shells of the bivalves Chione sp. and the less common Macoma sp. left after commercial harvesting in the low intertidal sands (ca.0.2 m tidal level). Also found in muddy sand of mangrove flats, living in fragile, U-shaped, sandy tubes in the upper 3-4 cm of muddy sand among mangrove pneumatophores. [details]

Reproduction At the date of the collection of the neotype (5 March 1992) females had oocytes of all sizes in the coelom, while males had well-developed sperm platelets at late pre-motile stages. [details]

Taxonomy Hutchings & Smith (1997: 332 & 344) designate a neotype and redescribe. The transfer to Thelepus by Benham (1909) and others is not correct. [details]

Type locality Original type locality: New Zealand ("Neu-Seeland"). Neotype from Papanui Inlet, Otago Peninsula, Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand, Pacific Ocean (-45.85°, 170.7167°). [details]