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Porifera source details

Ridley, S.O. (1884). Spongiida. Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert', 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London). 366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54.
8099
Ridley, S.O.
1884
Spongiida.
Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Alert’, 1881-2. (British Museum (Natural History): London).
366-482, pls 39-43; 582-630, pls 53-54
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Indian Ocean
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Acanthella pulcherrima Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (additional source)
Acarnus carteri Ridley, 1884 accepted as Acarnus innominatus Gray, 1867 (original description)
Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Acervochalina Ridley, 1884 accepted as Chalinula Schmidt, 1868 (original description)
Acervochalina finitima (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Chalinula finitima (Schmidt, 1870) (additional source)
Amorphina megalorrhapis Carter, 1881 accepted as Topsentia megalorrhapis (Carter, 1881) (additional source)
Amphilectus hispidulus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Amphilectus tibiellifer Ridley, 1884 accepted as Megaciella tibiellifera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Aplysina fusca Carter, 1880 accepted as Suberea fusca (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Aplysina membranosa (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Dendrilla membranosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Aplysina pallasi Ridley, 1884 accepted as Dictyodendrilla pallasi (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Reniochalina stalagmitis Lendenfeld, 1888 (original description)
Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Axinella spiculifera (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ptilocaulis spiculifer (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Cacospongia cavernosa Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Fasciospongia cavernosa (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Cacospongia mollior sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (basis of record)
Callyspongia diffusa (Ridley, 1884) represented as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) diffusa (Ridley, 1884) (additional source)
Carteriospongia fissurata (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Carteriospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Carteriospongia otahitica (Esper, 1797) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Carterispongia accepted as Phyllospongia Ehlers, 1870 (basis of record)
Carterispongia mantelli (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Carterispongia otahitica (Esper, 1797) accepted as Phyllospongia foliascens (Pallas, 1766) (new combination reference)
Carterispongia pennatula sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Phyllospongia pennatula (sensu Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Chalina elongata (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Ulosa elongata (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Chalina monilata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) monilata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Chondrilla mixta Schulze, 1877 (additional source)
Cladochalina diffusa Ridley, 1884 represented as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) diffusa (Ridley, 1884) (additional source)
Cladochalina nuda Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) nuda (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Cladochalina nuda var. abruptispicula Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) nuda (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Cladochalina pergamentacea Ridley, 1881 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) pergamentacea (Ridley, 1881) (basis of record)
Cladochalina subarmigera Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia (Cladochalina) subarmigera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Clathria coppingeri Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria frondifera (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Clathria maeandrina Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Clathria reinwardti var. palmata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Clathria reinwardti var. subcylindrica Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 (original description)
Clathria tuberosa (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Clathria (Wilsonella) tuberosa (Bowerbank, 1875) (basis of record)
Crella schmidti Ridley, 1884 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Waldoschmittia) schmidti (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Desmacidon rimosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinoclathria rimosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Dysidea conica Bowerbank, 1873 (additional source)
Dysidea digitifera Ridley, 1884 accepted as Psammoclema digitiferum (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Dysidea favosa Marshall, 1880 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (additional source)
Dysidea fusca Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hyrtios erectus (Keller, 1889) (original description)
Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Dysidea semicanalis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Euryspongia semicanalis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Echinodictyum cancellatum (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Echinodictyum pulchrum Brøndsted, 1934 (additional source)
Echinodictyum costiferum Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Echinodictyum glomeratum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Echinodictyum glomeratum var. subglobosum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinodictyum carlinoides (Lamarck, 1814) (original description)
Echinodictyum nervosum (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Echinonema gracilis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Erylus cylindrigerus Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Esperia gelatinosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Mycale (Mycale) gelatinosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Esperia obscura Carter, 1882 accepted as Mycale (Naviculina) obscura (Carter, 1882) (additional source)
Esperia parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Mycale (Zygomycale) parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) (basis of record)
Esperia pellucida Ridley, 1884 accepted as Mycale (Mycale) grandis Gray, 1867 (original description)
Euspongia foliacea Ridley, 1884 accepted as Lendenfeldia foliacea (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Euspongia officinalis var. cavernosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hippospongia fistulosa Lendenfeld, 1889 (original description)
Euspongia septosa (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Dysidea septosa (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Gelliidae Gray, 1872 accepted as Chalinidae Gray, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Gelliodes Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Gelliodes fibulata sensu Ridley, 1884 accepted as Gelliodes fibulata (Carter, 1881) (original description)
Gellius couchii (Bowerbank, 1874) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (new combination reference)
Gellius couchii var. ceratina Ridley, 1884 accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) ceratina (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Gellius cymiformis accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) cymaeformis (Esper, 1806) (basis of record)
Gellius fibulatus (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) fibulata (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Gellius varius (Bowerbank, 1875) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 (additional source)
Hippospongia derasa Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Hippospongia intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Hyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (additional source)
Hippospongia sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hippospongia sinuosa var. decidua Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hippospongia sinuosa var. mauritiana Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Hyattella sinuosa (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Hircinia byssoides (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Taonura byssoides (Lamarck, 1814) (new combination reference)
Hircinia fusca Carter, 1880 accepted as Ircinia fusca (Carter, 1880) (additional source)
Hircinia horrens (Selenka, 1867) accepted as Dysidea horrens (Selenka, 1867) (basis of record)
Hymeniacidon agminata Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Ianthella flabelliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (additional source)
Iotrochota Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Iotrochota baculifera Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Iotrochota purpurea (Bowerbank, 1875) (additional source)
Leucaltis bathybia var. australiensis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucandra bathybia (Haeckel, 1869) (original description)
Leucaltis bathybia var. mascarenica Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucaltis nodusgordii (Poléjaeff, 1883) (original description)
Leucetta primigenia var. megalirrhaphis Ridley, 1884 (original description)
Leucetta primigenia var. microraphis Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucetta microraphis Haeckel, 1872 (additional source)
Leuconia echinata (Schuffner, 1877) accepted as Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 (new combination reference)
Leuconia saccharata (Haeckel, 1872) accepted as Paraleucilla saccharata (Haeckel, 1872) (additional source)
Leucophloeus fenestratus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Amorphinopsis fenestrata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Leucophloeus proteus Ridley, 1884 accepted as Hymeniacidon proteus (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Leucortis anguinea Ridley, 1884 accepted as Leucandra anguinea (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Myxilla arborescens Ridley, 1884 accepted as Phorbas arborescens (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Oligoceras conulosum Ridley, 1884 accepted as Ircinia conulosa (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Ophlitaspongia australiensis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Echinochalina (Echinochalina) australiensis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Pachychalina lobata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia lobata (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Pachychalina macrodactyla Ridley, 1884 accepted as Callyspongia macrodactyla (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Pellina aliformis Ridley, 1884 accepted as Oceanapia aliformis (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Pellina eusiphonia Ridley, 1884 accepted as Oceanapia eusiphonia (Ridley, 1884) (original description)
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Amorphina megalorrhapis Carter, 1881 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Amphilectus hispidulus Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Amphilectus tibiellifer Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Axinella echidnaea sensu Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Carteriospongia fissurata (Lamarck, 1814) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Carteriospongia otahitica (Esper, 1797) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Cladochalina nuda var. abruptispicula Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Cladochalina pergamentacea Ridley, 1881 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Cladochalina subarmigera Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria frondifera (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Clathria tuberosa (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Dysidea fusca Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Echinodictyum glomeratum Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Esperia obscura Carter, 1882  (inaccurate)
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Esperia pellucida Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Gelliodes fibulata sensu Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Gellius couchii var. ceratina Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Gellius cymiformis 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Pachychalina macrodactyla Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Raspailia (Syringella) clathrata Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Raspailia bifurcata Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Rhapidophlus arborescens Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Rhizochalina fistulosa var. infradensata Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Rhizochalina singaporensis (Carter, 1883) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Rhizochalina spathulifera Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Siphonochalina tubulosa (Esper, 1797) 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Spirastrella congenera Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Spirastrella vagabunda Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stelletta purpurea Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stellettinopsis carteri Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Stelospongus excavatus Ridley, 1884 
Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria for Toxochalina folioides (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Spirastrella decumbens Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Dysidea favosa Marshall, 1880 
Bonaparte Coast for Esperia parishii (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Bonaparte Coast for Gellius varius (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Bonaparte Coast for Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 
Bonaparte Coast for Ianthella flabelliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) 
Bonaparte Coast for Iotrochota baculifera Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Leucophloeus fenestratus Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Pachychalina lobata Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Pellina aliformis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Pellina eusiphonia Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Pellina muricata Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Raspailia (Syringella) australiensis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Reniera aquaeductus Schmidt, 1862  (inaccurate)
Bonaparte Coast for Reniera ferula (Bowerbank, 1882)  (inaccurate)
Bonaparte Coast for Rhaphidophlus procerus Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Rhizochalina canalis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Schmidtia variabilis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Tedania digitata (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Bonaparte Coast for Tethyopsis dissimilis Ridley, 1884 
Bonaparte Coast for Toxochalina folioides (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Carteriospongia lamellosa (Esper, 1794) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Echinodictyum costiferum Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Iotrochota purpurea (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Ophlitaspongia australiensis Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Reniera testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Stelospongus excavatus Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Stelospongus implexus Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Suberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Toxochalina murata Ridley, 1884 
Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef for Tuba bullata (Lamarck, 1814) 
East African Coral Coast for Carterispongia mantelli (Bowerbank, 1874) 
East African Coral Coast for Desmacidon rimosa Ridley, 1884 
East African Coral Coast for Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 
East African Coral Coast for Phyllospongia papyracea (Esper, 1806) 
East African Coral Coast for Spirastrella punctulata Ridley, 1884 
Halmahera for Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Acervochalina finitima (Schmidt, 1870)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Chalina monilata Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Crella schmidti Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Gellius fibulatus (Schmidt, 1862)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Hymeniacidon agminata Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Leucaltis bathybia var. australiensis Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Leuconia saccharata (Haeckel, 1872) 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Myxilla arborescens Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Stelospongus intertextus Hyatt, 1877 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842)  (inaccurate)
Manning-Hawkesbury for Toxochalina robusta Ridley, 1884 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Tubulodigitus communis Carter, 1881 
Seychelles for Acarnus ternatus Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Aplysina fusca Carter, 1880 
Seychelles for Aplysina pallasi Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Axinella spiculifera (Lamarck, 1814) 
Seychelles for Cacospongia cavernosa Schmidt, 1862  (inaccurate)
Seychelles for Chalina elongata (Lamarck, 1814) 
Seychelles for Chondrilla mixta Schulze, 1877 
Seychelles for Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Clathria frondifera (Bowerbank, 1875) 
Seychelles for Clathria maeandrina Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Dysidea gumminea Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Echinonema gracilis Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Erylus cylindrigerus Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Esperia gelatinosa Ridley, 1884 
Seychelles for Hippospongia intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) 
Holotype BMNH 1882.10.17.35, geounit Seychelles, identified as Axinella proliferans Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.10.17.5, geounit Seychelles, identified as Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.2.23.258, geounit Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.20.210, geounit Torres Strait Northern Great Barrier Reef, identified as Euspongia officinalis var. cavernosa Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.23.220, geounit Bonaparte Coast, identified as Tethyopsis dissimilis Ridley, 1884
Lectotype BMNH 1882.2.23.269, geounit Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1882.2.23.278, geounit Arnhem Coast to Gulf of Carpenteria, identified as Spirastrella decumbens Ridley, 1884
 Identification

Topsent's (1892, 1904) use of the combination Petrosia variabilis is based on his misapplied concept of the North ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Ridley (1884), p. 385, adopted Hyatt's (1877) genus Carteriospongia but changed the spelling to Carterispongia ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species, although claimed as a new species by Carter, is in fact a junior synonym of Spheciospongia vagabunda ... [details]



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