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Musco, Luigi; Giangrande, Adriana. (2005). Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 304: 143-153 + 4 pp. Supplementary appendix.
10.3354/meps304143 [view]
Musco, Luigi; Giangrande, Adriana
Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features
Marine Ecology Progress Series
304: 143-153 + 4 pp. Supplementary appendix
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available
The species diversity of Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) on different coastlines within the Mediterranean Basin was analysed, including along the Salento Peninsula (Italy), which is thought to play a crucial role as a crossroads between different biogeographic areas. Analysis of biogeography, the assignment of species into 6 bioclimatic categories, a novel method to assess inter-matrix correlation significance and the correlation between species distribution, and some environmental variables provided relevant tools to investigate the influence of a suite of ecological and historical factors on syllid distribution. Data showed that Syllidae could be considered a useful taxon for biogeographic speculations, even though bioclimatic and environmental analyses appeared significantly more informative. The Salento Peninsula revealed an affinity with some eastern Mediterranean coastlines. Syllid distribution suggested the existence of an ‘Atlantism’ gradient, decreasing eastwards and possibly corresponding to a temperature gradient when bioclimatic categories were analysed. In contrast to previous results, the Eastern and Western Basins did not show great differences in species diversity. The observed differences could, in part, be due to an ‘author effect’, due to the differing taxonomic updating of the available faunistic lists. Syllidae were found to be effective faunistic and ecological indicators, able to characterize different areas inside the Mediterranean Sea; thus, the present results could be used to stimulate further research on different aspects of the family.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2017-10-09 09:32:22Z

Amblyosyllis lineata Grube, 1863 (basis of record)
Branchiosyllis exilis (Gravier, 1900) (additional source)
Brania arminii (Langerhans, 1881) (additional source)
Erinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003 (basis of record)
Erinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) (additional source)
Exogone (Exogone) verugera (Claparède, 1868) accepted as Exogone verugera (Claparède, 1868) (additional source)
Haplosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (additional source)
Irmula Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Irmula spissipes Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Odontosyllis ctenostoma Claparède, 1868 (additional source)
Odontosyllis gibba Claparède, 1863 (additional source)
Opisthosyllis brunnea Langerhans, 1879 (additional source)
Paraehlersia San Martín, 2003 (basis of record)
Paraehlersia ferrugina (Langerhans, 1881) (basis of record)
Pionosyllis serratisetosa López, San Martín & Jiménez, 1997 accepted as Opisthodonta serratisetosa (López, San Martín & Jiménez, 1997) (additional source)
Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (additional source)
Salvatoria McIntosh, 1885 (taxonomy source)
Salvatoria clavata (Claparède, 1863) (basis of record)
Salvatoria limbata (Claparède, 1868) (basis of record)
Salvatoria tenuicirrata (Claparède, 1864) (basis of record)
Sphaerosyllis hystrix Claparède, 1863 (additional source)
Syllides fulvus (Marion & Bobretzky, 1875) (additional source)
Syllis compacta Gravier, 1900 (additional source)
Syllis cornuta Rathke, 1843 (additional source)
Syllis cruzi Núñez & San Martín, 1991 (additional source)
Syllis hyalina Grube, 1863 (additional source)
Syllis hyllebergi (Licher, 1999) (basis of record)
Syllis krohni Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Syllis krohnii Ehlers, 1864 (additional source)
Syllis prolifera Krohn, 1852 (additional source)
Syllis pulvinata (Langerhans, 1881) (additional source)
Syllis variegata Grube, 1860 (additional source)
Syllis vittata Grube, 1840 (additional source)
Trypanosyllis aeolis Langerhans, 1879 (additional source)
Trypanosyllis zebra (Grube, 1860) (additional source)