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Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn. 21(1): 537-563.
6130
Ludwig, H.
1899
Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes.
Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn
21(1): 537-563
Publication
This paper is a composition of the echinodermal fauna collected in the region of Zanzibar (defined at first page). The literature of the authors, the collectors, the find-spots and publications about the species are given.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aldabra for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Ambon for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Madagascar for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Madagascar for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Madagascar for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Madagascar for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mascarene Basin for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mauritian Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Asterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita coriacea Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita pentangularis Gray, 1847  (inaccurate)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Goniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Gymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Leiaster glaber Peters, 1852 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)  (doubtful)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Pentaceros tuberculatus Sladen, 1889 † 
Red Sea for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Goniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Gymnasteria carinifera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Seychellois Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophidiaster pustulatus (von Martens, 1866) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Asterina cepheus (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Astropecten polyacanthus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita schmideliana (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Culcita schmideliana var. africana Döderlein, 1896 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinaster purpureus (Gray, 1840) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ferdina kuhli (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Goniodiscus sanderi Meissner, 1892 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Leiaster coriaceus Peters, 1852 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia ehrenbergii (Müller & Troschel) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Mithrodia clavigera (Lamarck, 1816) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Nardoa variolata (Bruzelius, 1805) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentaceros grayi (Bell, 1884) 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentaceros hiulcus Gray, 1840 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentaceros muricatus Gray, 1840 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentaceros turritus Gray, 1840 
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Pentagonaster semilunatus (von Martens, 1866)  (inaccurate)
Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Retaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867) 
 Authority

Selenka is the original author in Vaney (1905). Theel as author in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Description

Ranges eastward up to Japan (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Singapore and the Pelew Islands (A.H. Clark, 1911). [details]

 Distribution

Cosmopolitan by Ludwig (1899). Also recorded from Acapulpo (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Südsee, Sandwich Is. And Java (Selenka, 1867); Hong Kong and Pacific Islands (Pearson, 1910); ... [details]

 Distribution

Distribution also eastwards in the Indian Ocean to the Phillippines. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in east coast of India, Bonin, Aru, Tonga, New Caledonie and Australia (Lambert, 1923). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). From the Celebes in Selenka (1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Distribution: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Fiji Is. (Pearson, 1910). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Florida (Selenka, 1867) [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Guam (Clark, 1954). [details]

 Distribution

Also known in Australia (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Amboia (Indonesia) and around Archipelago of Mergui (Burma) (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in whole the Pacific and the Indian Ocean (Lampert, 1896). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Japan. [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed around Indonesia; Celebes (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958) [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) 147, paratype Museum of ... [details]

 Remark

Actinometra solaris var. albonotata Bell, 1884 has Albany Island as type locality (A.H. Clark, 1908). [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. [details]

 Remark

In subgenus (Psammechinus). Holotype Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Type ... [details]

 Remark

In family Pentagonasteridae in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Remark

Syntipes Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 722 (12 specimens), ... [details]

 Remark

Type specie of the genus Muelleria Jaeger, 1833 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

Can't be a valid species: genus name has been abolished by Pearson (1914). Can't trace specific epitheton to either ... [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaim as authors in Lampert (1896). [details]

 Remark

Quoy & Gaimard are the original authors in Pearson (1910). [details]

 Remark

Status unclear: A.M. Clark (1968) refers 'the remaining species which have been referred to Pectinura' to ... [details]

 Remark

Ludwig (1899) cites Linck as authority. [details]

 Remark

Genus Pseudocucumis not valid anymore. Pseudocucumis africana Semper is treated as a synonym of Cucumaria africana ... [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus: (Chondrocloea) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Synapta) Oestergren. [details]

 Remark

Subgenus: (Euapta[details]

 Remark

In subgenus: (Hipponoë) in Ludwig (1899). [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 synonymy

Needs confirmation!! Possibly a misidentification by Bell 1909 <495>. [details]

 Synonymy

Listed in the citations as E. Desorii [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig treats Holothuria pulla Selenka as a synonym of Holothuria aethiops[details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) treats H. parva as a synonym of H. lubrica. Type species of the Subgenus (Selenkothuria) Deichmann, ... [details]

 Synonymy

Ludwig (1899) cites Koehler in that H. leucospilota is probably a synonym of H. vagabunda[details]

 Synonymy

In Subgenus (Mertensiothuria) Deichmann, 1958. [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

L. dubiaBrandt and L. fustigera A. Agassiz treated as a synonym of L. Imperialis (Ludwig, 1899). [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation [details]

 Synonymy

Or misidentification by Ludwig 1899? Jangoux did not see Decary's 1924 paper. [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

Pearson (1914) combines the genera Muelleria and Holothuria under the latter name, and divided the old genus ... [details]

 Synonymy

See remark with M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

See note on M. mauritiana [details]

 Synonymy

Status of Pectinura not clear, possibly type species (only known from the holotype from the Meditteranean) only species. [details]

 Synonymy

Needs confirmation. Clark says: '… there are none in the MCZ which can properly be called serpentina so I am ... [details]

 Type locality

Flores, Amboina. [details]

 Type locality

Red Sea (Tortonese, 1949). [details]

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